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2014-05-03 04:40:44
Psychology Terms
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  1. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
  2. The mind and body are separate, but interrelated. Founded by Socrates and Plato.
  3. The mind (soul) and the body are inseparable. Founded by Aristotle.
  4. The mind and body are separate, but the mind (soul) is able to survive death. Founded by Descartes.
    Modified Dualism
  5. Tabula rasa, blank slate, at birth, and experiences wrote on it.
    John Locke
  6. The view that knowledge and intellect are acquired through experience, and thus, science should rely on observation and experimentation.
  7. First psychology textbook and first psychology laboratory.
    Wilhelm Wundt
  8. Introduced structuralism, which used introspection (self-reflection) to explore the elemental structure (atoms) of the mind.
    Edward Titchener
  9. Used introspection to explore the elemental structure (atoms) of the mind.
  10. Focused on how mental and behavioral processes function to enable an organism to adapt, survive, and flourish. 
  11. Did not get her PhD in psychology from Harvard because of her gender but became American Psychological Association's 1st female president.
    Mary Calkins
  12. The first woman to receive a psychology PhD from Harvard. Became the 2nd female APA president.
    Margaret Washburn
  13. Defined psychology as "the science of mental life" and developed an influential theory of personality called psychoanalysis, emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind.
    Sigmund Freud
  14. Defined psychology as "the scientific study of observable behavior"
    John B. Watson B.F. Skinner
  15. A Russian physiologist who studied learning and behaviorism.
    Ivan Pavlov
  16. A Swiss biologist who studied child development.
    Jean Piaget
  17. Redefined psychology from the humanistic perspective, emphasizing environmental influences, our growth potential, and our need for love and acceptance.
    Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers
  18. Nature selects those that best enable the organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. Founded by Charles Darwin.
    Natural Selection
  19. Studies of identical and fraternal twins suggest the importance of both nature and nurture.
    Twin studies
  20. How the body and brain enable emotions.
    Neuroscience Psychology
  21. How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes.
    Evolutionary Psychology
  22. How much our genes and our environments influence our individual differences.
    Behavior Genetics Psychology
  23. How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts.
    Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychology
  24. How we learn observable responses.
    Behavioral Psychology
  25. How we encode, precess, store and retrieve information.
    Cognitive Psychology
  26. How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures.
    Social-cultural Psychology
  27. Aims to increase the scientific knowledge base (i.e. applies research to field of psychology)
    Basic research
  28. Aims to solve more practical problems (i.e. applies research to other fields, like education of the law)
    Applied research
  29. Explore the links between brain and mind.
    Biological Psychologist
  30. Study changing abilities from womb to tomb (throughout our lifespan).
    Developmental Psychologist
  31. Study how we perceive, think, and solve problems.
    Cognitive Psychologist
  32. Investigate our persistent traits.
    Personality Psychologist
  33. Explore how we view and affect one another.
    Social Psychologist
  34. (PhD) Studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
    Clinical Psychologist
  35. Helps people cope with academic, vocational, and marital challenges.
    Counseling Psychologist
  36. Studies and helps individuals in school and education settings.
    Educational Psychologist
  37. Studies and advises on behavior in the workplace.
    Industrial/Organizational Psychologist
  38. (M.D.) who uses treatments like drugs and psychotherapy to treat psychologically diseased patients.