Study Notes for Final Exam (Narrative)

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Study Notes for Final Exam (Narrative)
2014-05-03 12:33:06
English 9
These study Notes will help me with my Final Exam
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  1. Point of View:
    the perspective that a narrative takes toward the events if describes.
  2. First-Person:
    A narrative in which the narrator tells the story from his/her own point of view and refers to himself or herself as "I." The narrator may be an active participant in the story or just an observer. (Not the same as an auto/biography.)
  3. Second-Person:
    Second person is by far the least used point of view in fiction. In requires the reader not only to step into the head of the protagonist, but into his very shoes. The reader BECOMES the protagonist. Second person point if view is usually limited to shorter works. It is more commonly used in nonfiction than in fiction, such as in certain instructional or advice-giving articles. Writer uses pronoun "You."
  4. Third-Person limited:
    A method of storytelling in which the narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings of a single character, while other characters are presented only externally. Third persons limited uses third-person pronouns to describe the story's actions: he, she, and they.
  5. Third-person omniscient:
    Omniscience is one of God's attributes-he is all-knowing. Third-person-omniscient stories are written from the perspective of an all-knowing narrator. Not only can the narrator know and relate the thought of each and every character, he can foreshadow, reveal events about which the character are unaware, or even divulge hidden events that non of the characters know about.
  6. Objective point of view:
    the narrator acts like a reporter, a mirror image of the author. He reports only what can be experienced with the senses. what can be seen, heard, touched, tasted, or smelled. he is on the outside looking in and all of the character's thoughts are closed to him.
  7. Character:
    a person, animal, or any other thing with a personality that appears in a story.
  8. Protagonist:
    The main character of the story who has a problem, a goal, a quest, or a dream. The protagonist meets and surmounts obstacles and is the center of the story's conflict.
  9. Hero:
    An admirable protagonist.
  10. antihero:
    A protagonist who is not admirable, or who challenges our notions of what should be considered admirable.
  11. Antagonist:
    The primary character or entity that acts to frustrate the goals of the protagonist.
  12. Stock:
    A common character type that recurs throughout literature. They are usually walk ones who perform a specific function, then leaves. Stock characters tap into the reader's preconceived ideas, background knowledge, and stereotypes.
  13. Foil:
    A character who illuminates the qualities of another character by means of contrast.
  14. Static:
    A character who doesn't change.
  15. Dynamic:
    A character who changes, usually as a result of the conflict.
  16. Flat:
    An undeveloped character. No much is known about him/her.
  17. Round:
    A fully developed character. The reader knows his/her looks, feelings, emotions, thoughts, views, opinions, past, and much more.
  18. Plot:
    the arrangement of the events in a story, including the sequence in which they are told, the relative emphasis they are given, and the causal connections between events.
  19. Elements of a lot:
    a plot can have a complicated structure, but most plots have the same basic elements.
  20. Conflict (The problem):
    The central struggle that moves the plot forward. The can be the protagonist's struggle fate, nature, society, another person, or himself/herself.
  21. Exposition(how it begins):
    The set up and start of the story.
  22. Inciting moment (What began the problem):
    The event or action that put the conflict into action.
  23. Rising Action (major events leading to climax):
    The earlier part of the narrative which builds momentum and develops the major conflict.
  24. Climax (height of action/problem):
    The moment of highest tension, at which the conflict comes to a head. The word "climax" can refer to the single moment of highest tension in the plot or, more generally, to any episode of high tension.
  25. Anticlimax:
    occurs when the plot builds up to an expected climax only to tease the reader with a frustrating non-event.
  26. Denouement (falling action):
    The latter part of the narrative, during which the protagonist responds to the events of the climax and the various plot elements introduced in the rising action are resolved.
  27. Resolution (conclusion):
    An ending that satisfactorily answers all the questions raised over the course of the plot.
  28. Setting:
    The location of a narrative in time and space. It may be specifically historical, geographical, or imaginary. The suggestive mood and the setting may create what is called the atmosphere.
  29. Mood or Atmosphere:
    In literature, the mood of a story is the atmosphere of the story created by the setting and actions of people and characters in it. It also relates to how the reader emotionally responds to these elements, like sadness for a tragedy. A love story might have a dramatic atmosphere, while a horror story might have a tense, fearful mood.
  30. Tone:
    The attitude a writer has towards the subject they're writing about. It is evident in there diction, style, and opinion I they express one. Mood is the atmosphere