Church History Final
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African Indigenous Church
- 1900-2000 Movement of the Ethiopia church grew out of their model resisting colonization. Same as Europe church. Known for “Africa for
- Africans. Big Man- Big God to set up the hierarchy and women were only
- allowed to do faith healings.
Azusa Street Revival
- 1906 Azusa Street Mission of Los Angeles Holiness movement starts back up again by Pastor William J. Seymour a former slave influenced by Pentecostal preacher Charles Parham. They began by meeting as a small group on Bonnie Brae St. But later as the congregation and revival grew they move
- to a large location called Azusa Street. At These revivals you could find an outpouring of the gifts of speaking in tongues, miracles, and prophetic speaking. This began to spread across the nation and really start the Pentecostal
- Church officially by 1914.
- May 1934, Barmen Germany
- A statement from the Confessional synod of German Evangelical Church opposing the Nazi-supported “German Christians” movement know for its anti-Semitism and extreme nationalism. The denounced the combining of church and the state, and any teachings that came from this “German Christian Church”
Cane Ridge, Kentucky
1801 Cane Ridge Revival, 1st Major Camp Meeting
Major step in the Second great awakening
Organized by a Presbyterian pastor, thousands came for religious reasons as well as to gamble and socialize. 1800’s Woodstock. A critic once said as many souls were conceived that day as saved. Ecumenical in nature, but later the Presbyterian church was not supportive of these types of camp meetings. But Methodist and Baptist took up the idea and thrived from it.
1926-1929: Counter-revolution against the anti-clericalism of the Mexican Government in result of the 10-year persecution of Catholics in Mexico.
Mainly to do over land rights.
Rebels who called on the name of Jesus the king to end this persecution of the priest and the church in violent ways as well led this.
- 1800’s to 1900’s
- Scottish born Missionary to Africa and abolitionist, Twana, South Africa
- 1791 United States 10 years after the United States Constitution was adopted
- Official separation of church and state
- Religious freedom
First Vatican Council
- Pope is infallible, Pope can say and act without going to committees now
- Catholics observe this as the birth place of the modern catholic church
Founding of Sierra Leone
- English colony, this is where former slaves were sent back to Africa to colonize under English rule. Way of starting missions.
- German mid 1700’s to mid 1800’s
- Liberal theology and religion about feelings and emotions. Influenced by Moravian piety
V. S. Azariah
Late 1800’s to mid 1900’s. Indian descendent of Nadar 1st native Bishop to serve in India for the Anglican Church. He did a lot of Ecumenical work, which led to the church of south India after his death.
- Late 1800’s to mid 1900’s
- Condemned liberal theology
- “Church dogmatics”
- Believed that God was transcendent
- Chinese Late 1700’s mid 1800’s
- Worked with Robert Morrison to translate the Bible
- Wrote a book that attacked other churches for not giving social welfare
March 1st Movement
- Korea in 1919
- 33 leaders declared their independence from Japan most of them were Christians
Ntsikana’s “Great Hymn”
- Early 1800’s
- Xhosa south Africa
- Written for catechumen training became national hymn
- Early 1900’s to late 1900’s
- El Salvador
- Shot while presiding over Mass. Advocate for the poor and State took him as a threat. Used the church for political sanctuary.
Early to mid 1800’s Latin America as they gained their independence also countries began to appoint their own bishops and under Pope Gregory XVI officially recognized these appointments.
- Catholic doctrine is Anti Marxist addresses working conditions of the poor and private property, etc.
- Mid 1700’s to mid 1800’s
- American slave was converted to Christianity while a slave and became free later on. Also became the first Bishop of the AME Church.
- CMS founded a college and he was the first student born 1801- 1880
- Born in Cameroon
- Missionary Sierra Leone and once sent their was sent to Nigeria
- Known for translating scripture into native languages
- Later was appointed to Bishop of Nigeria 1864 Anglican but didn’t do so
- First African priest for the Anglican Church
Second CELAM (Medellin, 1968)
- Council of Latin American Bishops that pushed the Vatican II council for a more progressive stance. The beginning of Liberation Theology in Latin America by Gustavo Gutierrez.
- Held that liberalism was damaging the Christian church in Europe
- 1954 China
- Government supported church, self-governing, self-support and propagating, foundation from the protestant church.
- Mid 1800’s mid 1900’s
- Excommunicated from the Catholic Church because he joined the Nationalist army. Parish priest that started the most of the Christian church in Philippines
- 1960’s: 1962-65
- St. Pope John the 23rd started and closed out by Pope Paul VI
- Became known for its renewal of Catholic doctrine
- Examples: increasing ecumenical work, Liturgical order of priestly words and the way they preside over table. Vernacular Language rather than Latin Mass, increase laity roles in the church. Etc.
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