504 absolutely essential words

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  1. abandon /əˈband(ə)n /verb
    1. Cease (/siːs: Come or bring to an end) to support or look after (someone); desert (/dɪˈzəːt) ; Leave (a place or vehicle) empty or uninhabited, without intending to return; (abandon someone/thing to) Condemn (/kənˈdɛm: Express complete disapproval of; censure) someone or something to (a specified fate) by ceasing to take an interest in them.

    2. Give up completely (a practice or a course of action); Discontinue (a scheduled event) before completion. 

    3. (abandon oneself to) Allow oneself to indulge (/ɪnˈdʌldʒ: Allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of) in (a desire or impulse).
  2. keen /kiːn /ADJECTIVE
    1. chiefly British Having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm (/ɪnˈθjuːzɪaz(ə)m ) ; (keen on) Interested in or attracted by (someone or something).

    • 2. Sharp or penetrating, in particular; 
    • (Of a sense) highly developed; 
    • (Of mental faculties) quick to understand; 
    • (Of the edge or point of a blade) sharp; 
    • (Of the air or wind) extremely cold; biting (/ˈbʌɪtɪŋ: so cold as to be painful); 
    • literary (Of a smell, light, or sound) penetrating; clear

    • 3. British (Of activity or feeling) intense; 
    • (Of prices) very low; competitive

    4. [PREDIC.] North American informal, dated Excellent
  3. jealous /ˈdʒɛləs /ADJECTIVE
    • 1. Feeling or showing an envious resentment of someone or their achievements, possessions, or perceived advantages; 
    • Feeling or showing a resentful suspicion (/səˈspɪʃ(ə)n) that one’s partner is attracted to or involved with someone else; 
    • Fiercely protective of one’s rights or possessions (/pəˈzɛʃ(ə)n: The state of having, owning, or controlling something); 
    • (Of God) demanding faithfulness and exclusive worship
  4. tact /takt /NOUN
    Skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues
  5. oath /əʊθ /NOUN (plural oaths /əʊðz/)
    1. A solemn (/ˈsɒləm: Formal and dignified) promise, often invoking a divine (/dɪˈvʌɪn: Of or like God or a god)  witness, regarding one’s future action or behaviour; A sworn (/swɔːn: Determined to remain in the role or condition specified) declaration, such as the promise to tell the truth, in a court of law.

    2.A profane (/prəˈfeɪn: Not relating to that which is sacred or religious; secular) or offensive (/əˈfɛnsɪv:  Actively aggressive; attacking)  expression used to express anger or other strong emotions.
  6. vacant /ˈveɪk(ə)nt /ADJECTIVE
    • 1. (Of a place) not occupied; empty
    • 2. (Of a position or employment) not filled
    • 3. Having or showing no intelligence or interest
  7. hardship /ˈhɑːdʃɪp /NOUN
    Severe (sɪˈvɪə: (Of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense) suffering (/ˈsʌf(ə)rɪŋ: The state of undergoing pain, distress, or hardship) or privation ( prʌɪˈveɪʃ(ə)n: A state in which food and other essentials for well-being are lacking)
  8. gallant /ADJECTIVE
    • 1. /ˈgal(ə)nt/ (Of a person or their behaviour) brave; heroic
    • archaic Grand or impressive

    2. /ˈgal(ə)nt, gəˈlant/ (Of a man) charmingly (Very pleasant or attractive) attentive (/əˈtɛntɪv: Paying close attention to something) and chivalrous (/ˈʃɪv(ə)lrəs: (Of a man or his behaviour) courteous and gallant, especially towards women) to women
  9. data /ˈdeɪtə / uncountable NOUN
    Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis
  10. unaccustomed /ʌnəˈkʌstəmd /ADJECTIVE
    Not familiar or usual; out of the ordinary; 

    (unaccustomed to) Not familiar with or used to
  11. bachelor /ˈbatʃələ /NOUN
    1. A man who is not and has never been married

    2. A person who holds a first degree from a university or other academic institution (only in titles or set expressions)
  12. qualify /ˈkwɒlɪfʌɪ /VERB
    • 1. [NO OBJECT] Be entitled to a particular benefit or privilege by fulfilling a necessary condition; 
    • 1.1. Become eligible for a competition or its final rounds, by reaching a certain standard or defeating a competitor; 
    • 1.2. Be or make properly entitled to be classed in a particular way

    • 2. [NO OBJECT] Become officially recognized as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity, typically by undertaking a course and passing examinations
    • 2.1. [WITH OBJECT] Officially recognize or establish (someone) as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity
    • 2.2. [WITH OBJECT AND INFINITIVE] Make (someone) competent or knowledgeable enough to do something

    • 3. [WITH OBJECT] Make (a statement or assertion) less absolute; add reservations to
    • 3.1.archaic Make (something) less severe or extreme
    • 3.2. archaic Alter the strength or flavour of (something, especially a liquid)

    • 4. [WITH OBJECT] Grammar (Of a word or phrase) attribute a quality to (another word, especially a preceding noun)
    • 4.1. (qualify something as) archaic Attribute a specified quality to something; describe something as
  13. corpse /kɔːps /NOUN
    A dead body, especially of a human being rather than an animal
  14. conceal /kənˈsiːl /VERB
    1. Not allow to be seen; hide:

    1.1. Prevent (something) from being known; keep secret
  15. dismal /ˈdɪzm(ə)l /ADJECTIVE
    1. Causing a mood of gloom (/gluːm: A state of depression or despondency (/dɪˈspɒnd(ə)nsi: Low spirits (/ˈspɪrɪt : the soul) from loss of hope or courage; dejection (/dɪˈdʒɛkʃ(ə)n: A sad and depressed state; low spirits) or depression

    1.1. (Of a person or their mood) gloomy

    1.2. Informal Pitifully (/ˈpɪtɪfʊl: Very small or poor; inadequate) or disgracefully (dɪsˈgreɪsfʊl: Shockingly unacceptable) bad
  16. frigid /ˈfrɪdʒɪd /ADJECTIVE
    1. Very cold in temperature

    1.1. (Of a woman) unable to be sexually aroused (/əˈraʊz) and responsive

    1.2. Stiff (/stɪf : not relaxed or friendly; constrained) or formal in behaviour or style
  17. inhabit /ɪnˈhabɪt /VERB
    (Of a person, animal, or group) live in or occupy (a place or environment)
  18. numb /nʌm

    1. (Of a part of the body) deprived of the power of physical sensation

    1.1. Unable to think, feel, or respond normally


    1. Deprive (/dɪˈprʌɪv: Prevent (a person or place) from having or using something) of feeling or responsiveness

    1.1. Cause (a sensation) to be felt less intensely; deaden (/ˈdɛd(ə)n: Make (a noise or sensation) less strong or intense)
  19. peril /ˈpɛrɪl

    1. Serious and immediate danger

    1.1. (perils) The risks or difficulties that arise from a particular situation or activity


    1. archaic  Expose (/ɪkˈspəʊz: Cause someone to be vulnerable (/ˈvʌln(ə)rəb(ə)l: Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally) or at risk) to danger; threaten (/ˈθrɛt(ə)n)
  20. recline /rɪˈklʌɪn /VERB
    • [NO OBJECT]
    • 1. Lean or lie back in a relaxed position with the back supported

    1.1. (Of a seat) be able to have the back moved into a sloping (/ˈsləʊpɪŋ: Inclined from a horizontal or vertical line) position
  21. shriek /ʃriːk

    shriek about 

    1. Utter a high-pitched (/pɪtʃ: the degree of highness or lowness of a tone) piercing sound or words, especially as an expression of terror (/ˈtɛrə: Extreme fear) , pain, or excitement:

    1.1. (Of something inanimate (/ɪnˈanɪmət: Showing no sign of life; lifeless)) make a high-pitched screeching sound

    1.2. Be very obvious or strikingly (/ˈstrʌɪkɪŋ: Attracting attention by reason of being unusual, extreme, or prominent) discordant (/dɪˈskɔːd(ə)nt: (Of sounds) harsh and jarring because of a lack of harmony)


    1. A high-pitched piercing cry or sound; a scream

    2. informal An exclamation (/ˌɛkskləˈmeɪʃ(ə)n: A sudden cry or remark expressing surprise, strong emotion, or pain) mark
  22. sinister /ˈsɪnɪstə /ADJECTIVE
    1. Giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen

    1.1. Evil (/ˈiːv(ə)l: Harmful or tending to harm) or criminal
  23. temp /tɛm(p)t /VERB
    1. Entice (/ɪnˈtʌɪs : Attract or tempt by offering pleasure or advantage) or try to entice (someone) to do something that they find attractive but know to be wrong or unwise

    1.1. (be tempted to do something) Have an urge (/ˈəːdʒ : A strong desire or impulse)  or inclination (/ɪnklɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n: A person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way) to do something

    1.2. Persuade (someone) to do something

    1.3. archaic Risk provoking (a deity or abstract force), usually with undesirable consequences
  24. wager /ˈweɪdʒə /NOUN & VERB
    more formal term for bet
Card Set:
504 absolutely essential words
2014-05-05 06:02:30
english 504
English essential words
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