UNIT 11 ACIDS AND BASES

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solo_mani
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273082
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UNIT 11 ACIDS AND BASES
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2014-05-04 00:18:57
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  1. Acidity
    The property of exhibiting the qualities of an acid.
  2. Alkalinity
    The property of exhibiting the qualities of a base
  3. Amphiprotic
    A species that can act either as a B/L acid or a B/L base, depending on what other species it is reacting with.
  4. Amphoteric
    A species that can act either as a B/L acid or a B/L base, depending on what other species it is reacting with.
  5. Arrhenius Acid
    An electrolyte that ionizes in aqueous solution to yield H+ as the only positive ion in solution.
  6. Arrhenius Base
    An electrolyte that ionizes in aqueous solution to yield OH- as the only positive ion in the solution.
  7. Basicity
    The property of exhibiting the qualities of a base
  8. Bronsted/Lowry Acid
    A species that donates H+ to a B/L base in a chemical reaction.
  9. Bronsted/LowryBase
    A species that accepts H+ from a B/L acid in a chemical reaction.
  10. Buret
    A piece of laboratory equipment that precisely measures how much liquid has been let out of it by the valve on the bottom.
  11. Caustic
    A substance that will destroy or irreversibly damage any substance or surface it comes into contact with through a chemical change,usually used to describe bases.
  12. Conjugatepair
    An acid/base pair that differ only by one H+. Acids turn into conjugate bases, bases turn into conjugate acids.
  13. Corrosive
    A substance that will destroy or irreversibly damage any substance or surface it comes into contact with through a chemical change,usually used to describe acids.
  14. Electrolyte
    A compound that ionizes in water, allowing the solution to conduct electricity.
  15. Hydrolysis
    The process whereby a base reacts with a glycerol ester (fat) to produce soap.
  16. Indicator
    A substance whose color is sensitive to the pH of a solution to which it is added.
  17. Neutralization
    A double-replacement reaction where an acid and base react to form  water and salt.
  18. Nonelectrolytes
    A molecular compound that does not ionize in water, preventing the solution from conducting electricity.
  19. pH
    The negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration. A pH less than 7 indicates an acidic solution, a pH of greater than 7 indicates a basic solution and a pH of 7 indicates a neutral solution.
  20. Protonation
    The addition of an acid’s H+ ion (proton) to a water molecule to form hydronium (H3O+).
  21. Salt
    An ionic compound formed when an acid and base neutralize each other.This compound consists of the anion of the acid and the cation of the base.
  22. Titration
    A process of controlled acid-base neutralization, carried out inburets.

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