AITW

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xijunzhu
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273096
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AITW
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2014-05-04 16:03:05
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  1. who controlled Nagasaki
    Dutch
  2. dates for ming
    1368-1644
  3. qing
    1644-1911
  4. PRC
    1949
  5. Ieyasu
    1543 –  1616, first shogunate, daimyo
  6. Three main factors influenced the rise of British rule in India
    • extinction of french rule in canada by british
    • revolt of the thirteen colonies of America from British rule with the assistance of
    • the French

    establishment of British territorial rule in the eastern part of India
  7. Oda Nobunaga
    1572wins significant battle, dies in 1582
  8. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    • b.1536,
    • d. 1598. In power since 1586
  9. sakoku-rei
    closure of Japan 1635
  10. Macau
    portuguese colony 1557
  11. doctrine of lapse
    1848
  12. Dalhousie
    endorsed doctrine of lapse; governor general of BEIC
  13. sati
    banned by British 1829

    Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act of 1987
  14. MaCartney Mission
    1793
  15. extra-territoritally
    beyond one's jurisdiction and local law
  16. goals of the maccartney
    • -acquire places where British traders might live to be under English jurisdiction
    • -extend trade
    • -relieve existing abuses in canton
    • -desire in China for British products
    • -diplomatic representation at Peking
    • -open Japan, Vietnam and eastern islands to British commerce
  17. qianlong
    • 1735 - 1796
    • -no need for outside barbarians, but our silk, tea and porcelain are of absolute necessities to Europe, said trade would be limited to Macao and canton
  18. why qianlong refused
    -why would the foreigners bother with China if China was not better (reinforce the sino-centric views
  19. kowtow
    culture requirement and exercise of power
  20. first opium war
    1839–42
  21. century of humiliation
    first opium war to 1949, est. of people's republic of china
  22. lin zexu
    1785-1850
  23. Lord Elgin
    • 1811-1863, leader of British forces in 2nd opium war, sacked old summer palace
    • -defeats Tianjing and goes to Beijing
    • -should the zodiac heads be given back?
  24. second opium war
    1856-1860 fought by French and English sacked old summer palace
  25. consequences of 1st opium war
    • -5 treaty ports opened in China 
    • -Ceded Hong Kong
  26. what were the five treaty ports ceded after the first opium war?
    • guangzhou
    • fuzhou
    • shanghai
    • xiamen
    • ningbo
  27. what started the opium war?
    lin zexu confiscated opium and burned in public spectacle; British went to war for property damage 1839
  28. how did the British win the opium war?
    • technology, Qing could only stop the big ships, cannot stop all the small ships and the alternate pathways. 
    • Nemesis (special boat) can go through higher and narrower rivers and is steam powered (saves energy)
    • -Indians in back, bombards Chinese
  29. what caused the 2nd opium war 1856?
    • treaty terms not met
    • treaty of tianjing (1858)
  30. what was the treaty of tian jing?
    not signed by Qing, Brits want Qing to pay for war, so they send 30 ambassadors, Qing has them killed.
  31. taipeing
    1850-1864, 1853 proclaimed Heavenly Kingdom of Great peace (Taiping Tianguo) in Nanking
  32. reform vs. revolution
    • reform: to improve, change things from within, power holders have to buy in 
    • revolution: overthrow of government or social order in favor of a new system
    • duck and rabbit allow paradigm shift
  33. what are the weapons of the weak?
    • humor (art, literature)
    • public education: seeking to bring people to the point where they agree with you
    • guerilla tactics: tearing down structures, covertly wining heart and minds of people
    • political engagement
    • active disengagement: refusing to do will of gov
  34. why reforms fail
    • status quo pushes back
    • forces of conservatism too strong
    • groundswell of opinion is not unified or large enough
  35. why revolutions fail
    • system is organized and ready to oppress moement
    • people who might support the revolution support the regime, or convinced the system is better than the alternative
  36. Hong Xiuquan
    1814-1864 "God's heavenly son, taiping rebellion
  37. hakka han
    china has 56 minority groups, although han is 91.6%
  38. rebellion
    violent or resistance to established governement
  39. indian mutiny
    1857
  40. boxer rebellion
    1899-1900
  41. causes of rebellion?
    • impact of colonization (suppression of culture and traditions, overthrow or domination of local elites
    • economic disparities and injustice
    • exogenous factors (environmental pressures)
  42. treaty of nanking
    1842 opening of treaty port, cession of hong kong, extraterritoriality, limitation of duties
  43. the forms that rebellions took
    • local magistrate killed
    • government buildings attached
    • prisoners freed, who would become backbone of new fighting force
  44. why did taiping fail?
    • could not win foreign support, and given the presence of foreign forces this meant that they were fighting on two fronts
    • leaders of the movement got sidetracked by pleasure and squabbling
  45. taiping reforms
    • common property: no private property, just common bank appropriations were made for weddings, births and funerals
    • land reforms: land divided into 9 categories according to quality, distributed for us not private ownership; men and women were equal. took what they needed and put the rest in the granary
    • Women: women had greater rights, soldiers, no foot binding, rape, sexual slavery punishable by death
    • Abstinence: opium, tobacco, alcohol strictly prohibited 
    • Iconoclams: due to pseudo Christian roots, happy to trash other images
    • treatment of foreigners: anti-extra-territoriality
    • literature: pioneers of a more colloquial style of literature
  46. sepoy
    1858
  47. why was the British EIC successful in India?
    tactics and organization, less of technology (mughals already used artillery), rapidity of fire through close formation of well drilled troops
  48. Mangal Pandey
    1857 attacked his officer, on May 10, it had spread to Meerut
  49. what were the causes of the sepoy?
    • policy of lapse: imposed by Dalhousie, feeling that British rule allowed attacks on local religion and culture
    • annexation of Oudh/Awdh in 1856: supposedly for misgovernance by Nawab angered Bengali Indians
    • cartridges of the Enfield rifle used by the sepoys (united the Hindu and Muslim against British)
  50. consequences of the sepoy rebellions?
    • mixture conciliation and repression by the British
    • mutineers were killed
    • mughal empire abolished
    • company rule was ended
    • armies reorganized with more british officers
    • declared Indian rights and territories not encroached on; Indian religions would not be interfered with. 
    • enmity between Brits and ind became more marked
  51. Begum Hazrat Mahal
    1820-1879 wife of Nawab Jahid Ali Shah, 

    • Oudh/Awdh and supported the Indian uprising
    • against the British. Was herself then forced to flee to Nepal.
    • how can we believe the British will not interfere with our religion?
  52. what is liberalism?
    representative government as opposed to autocratic monarchy
  53. nationalism
    people had its own genius and its own cultural identity which manifested itself especially in a common language history and territory
  54. socialism
    rational organization of society, with a keen attention to the poor, and such as supported planning, greater economic equality and state control of property
  55. why japan?
    • place on pacific route
    • safe haven for whalers and other vessels
    • desire of Christian missionaries
  56. commodore perry
    1853, directed his vessels' guns towards a neighboring town, refused to leave until letter form President Fillmore had been accepted
  57. 1858 treaty of amity and commerse
    • opening of foreign trade as ports
    • ability of US citizens to trade and live in those ports
    • extraterritoriality
    • low import-export duties
    • right of missionaries
  58. Convention of Kanagawa
    1854, perry with shogunate

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