Lab 5

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Author:
lndsyfree
ID:
273146
Filename:
Lab 5
Updated:
2014-05-04 17:40:42
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wfcb
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Description:
Primates and Chiroptera
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  1. Primates
    • Order within the Infraclass Eutheria
    • Contains suborders Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini
  2. Strepsirrhini
    • Suborder within the Order Primate
    • Contains the Family Lemuridae
    • 1. Presence of tooth comb via lower incisions and canine teeth
    • 2. Grooming claw on 2nd digit of left foot
  3. Lemuridae
    • Family within the Suborders Strepsirrhini
    • Lemurs
    • 1. Braincase elongate
    • 2. Upper incisors small, peg-like w/ median diastema
  4. Haplorrhini
    • Suborder within the Order Primates
    • 1. Orbit and temporal fossa separated by postorbital plate
    • 2. Brainwash relatively large and rounded (as opposed to Lemuridae/Strepsirrhini)
  5. Cebidae
    • Family within the Suborder Haplorrhini
    • Includes families Aotidae, Atelidae,Pitheciidae
    • New World monkeys
    • 1. Auditory bulla not extending laterally as a bony tube
  6. Cercopithecidae
    • Family within the Suborder Haplorrhini
    • Macaques, baboons, langurs, leaf monkeys
    • 1. Auditory bulla extending laterally as a bony tube
    • 2. quadritubercular, bilophodont
  7. Hylobatidae
    • Family within the Suborders Haplorrhini
    • Gibbons and siamang
    • 1. No sagittal crest
    • 2. Auditory bulla extending laterally as a bony tube
  8. Hominidae
    • Family within the Suborder Haplorrhini
    • Great apes
    • 1. Sagittal crest often prominent
    • 2. Molars quadritubercular and bunodont with Y5 pattern of cusps
  9. Chiroptera
    • Order within the Infraorder Eutheria
    • Contains Families Pteropodidae, Phyllostomidae, Molossidae, Vespertillionidae
  10. Megachiroptera
    • Suborders within the Order Chiroptera
    • Contains the Family Pteropodidae
    • 1. No tragus or antitragus
    • 2. 2nd digit of forelimbs free of 3rd digit, usually with claw
    • 3. Postorbital process large, forming a complete postorbital bar in some taxa
  11. Pteropodidae
    • Family within the suborder Megachiroptera
    • Flying foxes, Old World fruit bats
    • 1. Tail usually short or absent
    • 2. Rostrum long, doglike
    • 3. premaxillae w/ palatial and nasal branches fused to each other
  12. Microchiroptera
    Suborder within the Order Chiroptera
  13. Phyllostomidae
    • Family within the Suborder Microchiroptera
    • New World leaf-nosed or fruit bats
    • 1. Leaf nose
    • 2. Tragus present, small
    • 3. premaxillae w/ nasal and palatal branches
    • 4. 2 pairs of upper incisors
    • 5. No postorbital process
  14. Molossidae
    • Family within the Suborder Microchiroptera
    • Free- tailed bats
    • 1. 1st and 5th digits of hindfoot w/ fringe of stiff bristles
    • 2. Tragus small or absent
    • 3. hindlimb and hindfoot broad, short
    • 4. Tail extending well beyond uropatagium
    • 5. cheekteeth tritubercular
  15. Vespertilionidae
    • Family within the suborder Microchiroptera
    • Common bats
    • 1. Tragus present, prominent

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