Digital Mapping Final Exam

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Digital Mapping Final Exam
2014-05-05 06:59:04
digital mapping final exam

digital mapping final
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  1. Choropleth map
    a thematic map in which areas are shaded or patterned in proportion to the measurement of the statistical variable being displayed on the map, such as population density or per-capita income.
  2. Proportional symbol
    uses symbols of different sizes to represent data associated with different areas or locations within the map. For example, a disc may be shown at the location of each city in a map, with the area of the disc being proportional to the population of the city.
  3. Isarithmic map
    depict smooth continuous phenomena such as precipitation or elevation. Each line-bounded area on this type of map represents a region with the same value
  4. cartogram
    a map in which some thematic mapping variable – such as travel time, population, or Gross National Product– is substituted for land area or distance. The geometry or space of the map is distorted in order to convey the information of this alternate variable
  5. Electoral geography
    the analysis of the methods, behavior, and results of elections in the context of geographicspace and using geographical techniques. Specifically, it is an examination of the dual interaction whereby geographical traits of a territory affects political decisions and geographical structure of the election system affects electoral results. The purpose of this analysis is to identify and understand driving factors and the electoral characteristics of territories in a broad and integrative manner
  6. map
    a diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads, etc
  7. carrying capacity
    the number of people, other living organisms, or crops that a region can support without environmental degradation.
  8. sustainability
    how biological systems endure and remain diverse and productive.
  9. demographic measurement
    questions that allow pollsters and other survey researchers to identify nonopin-ion characteristics of a respondent, such as age, race, and educational attainment
  10. demographic transition
    refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system
  11. Malthus Theory
    Thomas Malthus warned that population growth would exceed resource growth, leading to catastrophic checks on overpopulation. This would occur because population grew exponentially while food supply grew arithmetically.
  12. Population Pyramid
    is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
  13. data collection
    the process of gathering and measuring information on variables of interest, in an established systematic fashion that enables one to answer stated research questions, test hypotheses, and evaluate outcomes
  14. Participant observation
    Its aim is to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given group of individuals (such as a religious, occupational, sub cultural group, or a particular community) and their practices through an intensive involvement with people in their cultural environment, usually over an extended period of time
  15. quantitative
    relating to, measuring, or measured by the quantity of something rather than its quality.
  16. qualitative
    relating to, measuring, or measured by the quality of something rather than its quantity.
  17. metadata
    are defined as the data providing information about one or more aspects of the data, such as:Means of creation of the data, Purpose of the data, Time and date of creation, Creator or author of the data, Location on a computer network where the data were created, Standards used
  18. georeferencing
    to associate something with locations in physical space. The term is commonly used in the geographic information systems field to describe the process of associating a physical map or raster image of a map with spatial locations. Georeferencing may be applied to any kind of object or structure that can be related to a geographical location, such as points of interest, roads, places, bridges, or buildings
  19. geocoding
    the process of finding associated geographic coordinates (often expressed as latitude and longitude) from other geographic data, such as street addresses, or ZIP codes (postal codes). With geographic coordinates the features can be mapped and entered into Geographic Information Systems, or the coordinates can be embedded into media such as digital photographs via geotagging.
  20. geoprocessing
    a GIS operation used to manipulate spatial data. A typical geoprocessing operation takes an input dataset, performs an operation on that dataset, and returns the result of the operation as an output dataset. Common geoprocessing operations include geographic feature overlay, feature selection and analysis, topology processing, raster processing, and data conversion. Geoprocessing allows for definition, management, and analysis of information used to form decisions
  21. geography
    the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries.
  22. topographic map
    characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, using contour lines but, historically, using a variety of methods
  23. T and O map
    a type ofmedieval world map, sometimes also called a Beatine map or a Beatus map because one of the earliest known representations of this sort is attributed to Beatus of Liébana, an 8th-century Spanish monk.