comm psych poopie

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Author:
brianklein
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273265
Filename:
comm psych poopie
Updated:
2014-05-05 12:53:21
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community
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  1. How does Gaventa define the 3 instruments of Social Power

    -resembles the concept of “power over”
    Ex. with Wallkill River: company had money to hire experts and attorneys, use/circumvent the law, overwhelm local opposition
    Controlling Resources that can be used to bargain, reward, and punish
  2. How does Gaventa define the 3 instruments of Social Power
    Gaventa also refers to subtler mechanisms like controlling meeting agendas to exclude citizen comments and debate or requiring citizens to hire attorneys to advocate for them.
    Ex. with Wallkill River: limited citizen testimony in court, but community members did combat this with their Orange Environment. Realized they needed to build and exercise expert power, a type of power based on the perceived knowledge, skill, or experience of a person or group.
    Controlling channels for participation in community decisions
  3. How does Gaventa define the 3 instruments of Social Power?
    Ex. with Wallkill River: key decision-makers favored technical jargon and scientific expertise while discounting the local, practical knowledge of residents.
    Shaping the definition of a public issue or conflict.
  4. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.

    an understanding of how power and sociopolitical forces affect personal and community life. emerges from life experiences with injustices, reflection on those experiences and lessons learned, and dialogue with others
    Critical Awareness
  5. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.

    identifying, managing, and resolving conflicts: (not all of em but) these are particularly important because it includes tangible factors like time, money, skills, knowledge, and influential allies, as well as things like legitimacy or status in the community, the talents and ideas of community members, their personal commitment to community change, and social support
    Participatory Skills
  6. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.

    belief that citizens acting collectively can be effective in improving community life
    Sense of Collective Efficacy
  7. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.


    the individual’s belief that he or she personally has the capacity to engage effectively in citizen participation and influence community decisions
    Sense of Personal Participatory Efficacy
  8. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.

    need commitment to deeply held values to initiate and sustain participation
    Participatory Values and Commitment
  9. 6 Personal Qualities for Citizen Participation.

    a wide variety of relationships with others including both bonding and bridging ties
    Relational Connections
  10. foster member participation and sharing or power in group decisions and actions. Serve as viable and vital relational communities.
    Empowering settings
  11. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    These are attempts to improve specific aspects of community functioning and often involve a primarily top-down approach in which the work is initiated and directed by professionals.
    Community Betterment
  12. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    This model uses a primarily bottom-up approach in which members or residents of a community are involved in initiating the effort
    Community Empowerment
  13. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    sense of..
    Sense of Community
  14. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Empowered community organizations effectively exert power in community decisions, policies, and practices.
    Implement Actions
  15. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Influencing decision makers or the public in more generalized ways. The effectiveness of community actions can be assessed in terms of their influence on actual policy and decisions
    Disseminate Information
  16. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Developing a comprehensive perspective in which linkages are recognized
    Multiple Areas of Action
  17. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Effective community initiatives have substantial local control of planning and implementing changes
    Local Control
  18. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    although community change is best controlled locally, it often requires resources from outside the community
    External Linkages and Resources
  19. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Communities can cultivate resources through interpersonal networks with persons outside the community and organizational alliances with other organizations.
    Interpersonal Networks & Organizational Alliances
  20. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    to be successful a community change initiative needs to be guided by a plausible theory of community change.Theory can be based on social science research but also on citizen practical experience.
    Plausible Theory of Community Change & Effect Intensity
  21. Elements of Effective Community Change Initiatives

    Initiatives that build slowly and steadily and have citizen input are likely to be sustained even if conditions change because their participatory base is solid.
    Long Term Perspective
  22. 2 primary reasons that programs do not work?
    theory, and implementation failure
  23. steps in the Four-Step Model of Program Evaluations

    Step 1: Identify ____ and desired ____
    goals; outcomes
  24. steps in the Four-Step Model of Program Evaluations

    The activities designed to reach the desired outcome are described and answer the question “What did the program actually do?”. Process evaluation can help you decided whether you are ready to assess the efforts of your program.
    Step 2: Process evaluation.
  25. steps in the Four-Step Model of Program Evaluations

    Outcome evaluation is concerned with measure the short-term or immediate effects of a program on its participants or recipients. Outcome measures → these should be closely linked to goals but more specific.
    Step 3: Outcome evaluation.
  26. steps in the Four-Step Model of Program Evaluations

    Impact evaluation is concerned with the ultimate effects desired by a program.
    Step 4: Impact evaluation
  27. shares some values and methods with other approaches to evaluation, including traditional evaluation. HOWEVER, it is the set of __ principles considered in their entirety that distinguishes __ from other evaluation approaches. Their principles are to be considered as a set of core beliefs that, as a whole, communicate the underlying values of __ and guide the work of empowerment evaluators.
    Empowerment evaluation
  28. 10-step approach by asking and answering 10 key questions, interventions can be guided to results-based accountability and program improvement.
    Getting To Outcomes
  29. Design that would stimulate analytical thinking about the ways in which prevention programs might affect outcomes, realistic thinking about the effect of any one preventive effort, and careful planning for implementation. The volume, Prevention Plus III, was developed to teach people at the local level the basics about evaluation and how to do elementary evaluations of their own programs.
    Four-Step Approach
  30. Individual changes in thinking and behavior and program or organizational changes in procedures and culture that result from the learning that occurs during the evaluation process.
    Capacity Building

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