BA CH11-12

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zhanglin123
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273326
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BA CH11-12
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2014-05-06 17:03:48
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BA CH11 12
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kris BA342
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  1. Industry has a large impact on the environment through the following categories(4个)
    • 1) Climate Change 气候变化 
    • 2) Exponential amounts of e-waste 电子垃圾指数值
    • 3) Increasing number of short life cycle products 越来越多的短生命周期产品
    • 4) Increasing awareness of the impact of industrial activity  提高认识工业的影响
  2. Example of Exponential amount of e-waste 
    • Smart phone
    • Laptop
    • Batteries

    are not being disposed of properly.
  3. Example of short life cycle products
    Most people get a new cell phone everyone or two years
  4. Example of awareness of the impact of the industrial activities
    the pollution in China is major international news
  5. The problem is designing industrial system that are_______&_________, but _______.
    economically and environmentally stable.

    But industries still want to make profit
  6. 3 big drives
    • People
    • Planet
    • Profit
  7. 3 R's
    • Reduce (#1 most important)
    • Reuse
    • Recycle
  8. Reduce:(Process design) 跟过程有关 (5个)
    • Pollution prevention
    • Materials
    • Lean products
    • Energy
    • Carbon footprint
  9. Reuse:(Product design) 跟产品有关 (3个)
    • Repair
    • Re-manufacture
    • Material choice
  10. Recycle:(Product design) 跟产品有关
    • Design for environment 环保设计
    • Material choice 材料选择 
    • Cost benefits 成本优势
    • Spare part recovery 部分零件修复
  11. Business view on Sustainability (4个)
    Exam Question: Do you know what four categories are?
    • 1) Fundamental 基本
    • 2) Eco-efficiency 生态效益
    • 3) Product Stewardship 产品管理
    • 4) Sustainable Strategy 可持续发展战略
  12. Steps of a Closed-loop (闭环供应链) supply chain 指企业从采购到最终销售的完整供应链循环
    • 1. Raw material mining 原料采
    • 2. Primary materials production 主要材料生产
    • 3. Component manufacturing 组件制造
    • 4. Final Product Assembly 最终产品的组装
    • 5. Product demand and use 产品需求和使用
    • 6. End of product life/ disposal 结束产品生命/处置
  13. To be more Sustainable, adds two more steps after closed-loop supply chain
    • 7. Collect and inspect
    • 8. Reprcessing
  14. More Company are beginning to create more loops by_______&________
    Remanufacturing components and Remanufacturing primary materials
  15. A supply loop is constrained when a process can't deal with the entire output of it upstream process (一个供电回路被约束时,当一个进程无法处理它的整个输出上行过程)
    The reasons can be:
    • 1) Limited access to used product
    • 2) Limited technical feasibility of reprocessing
    • 3) Limited market demand for the reprocessed secondary resources
  16. Business & Stakeholder (BIG 5)
    • 1) Government- state (Major Stakeholder)
    • 2) Community- public
    • 3) Owners- private, corporate, institution
    • 4) Consumer- Consumer activists, product liability
    • 5) Employees- union, older, women, minority, activist
  17. def. of Trust
    A group of individuals comes together and do some business(Collusion 共谋)
  18. History of Gov't & Business
    • -Development of Trusts U.S. Industrial Age(late 1800's) ex: Railroad Trust
    • -Sherman Antitrust Act(1890)
    • -Interstate Commerce Act(1887)
    • -Clayton Antitrust (1914)
  19. Business/Gov't/ Public Interaction
  20. Opinion on Gov't(More or Less)
    • Half to Half
    • -49% gov't doing too many things
    • -46% gov't should do more things
    • -6%   gov't just right
  21. 2 ways impact business
    • Non-regulatory (influencing business)
    • Regulatory (Using law or policy to control business)
  22. Under Non-regulatory, Gov't influences private Business either through _________or ________.
    Industrial policy or Privatization
  23. Added gov't influence on Business ( other ways impact)
    • Employer 雇主 
    • Purchaser 购买者
    • Subsidy 补贴
    • Monetary policy 货币政策
    • Competitor 竞争者
    • Loan  贷款
    • Taxation 税收
    • Moral Suasion 道德劝说
  24. Solyndra ( solar panel)
    • Gov't  can make a decision to influence business create a pool of money to support bankrupt. (Solyndra bankrupt, gov't 给钱 Solyndra)
    • FBI investigation
  25. China- Milk scandal
    gov't imports cows to improve quality
  26. USPS(U.S. Post office)
    • Financial trouble
    • cut budget
    • mail circulation decrease ( 7变6天 因为internet impact)
    • special way to deliver liquor 
    • Should we privatize post office?
  27. Privatize the USPS Pro & Con
    • Pros:
    • 1)The gov't is completely out of business
    • 2) may be increase sufficiency
    • 3) open it up to shareholder
    • 4) Capital available

    • Cons:
    • 1)Price may increase
    • 2)service same ?
  28. Def. of Regulatory
    Act of governing, according to rule, or bringing under the control of law or constituted authority
  29. Reason of regulations(3个)
    • 1. Control natural monopoly (ex: google & Microsoft)
    • 2. Control Negative Externality (ex: 工厂排除气体)
    • 3. Achieving social goals
  30. Child Obesity
    • grandparents feed grandchildren
    • not physical active
  31. Mc.Donald
    • Happy meal( include toy to seduce child)
    • San Francisco pass law to stop include toy instead put apple and fries
  32. Childhood obesity issues
    -Public/Personal
    -Government
    -Business
  33. Total U.S. regulation equals
    Social + Economic
  34. Captured passenger & regulation
    • -Plane delay over 3 hrs( bill of right)
    • -Pay every penalty for each passenger ( if don't get off within 3 hrs)
  35. Total Cost of regulation (3个)
    • 1) Direct expenditure (of regulatory agency)
    • 2) Compliance Costs
    • 3) Altered Behavior (not really reputed well)
  36. Regulation Data Categories
    86%________
    14%___________
    • Social Regulation Spending
    • Economic Regulation Spending
  37. #1 in social regulation is ________
    Homeland Security
  38. Cost spend lots on 
    Reporting compliance
  39. Altered Behavior from regulations
    Gov't regulation can do behavior change

    • -hybrid car
    • -electric car
    • -alter people behavior, decrease gas

    Regulation results higher fuel cost and energy bill in home
  40. Business Method to influence gov't (3个)
    • 1) Lobbying
    • 2) Coalition
    • 3) Political action
  41. Lobbying(游说) is basis of _______

    definition of lobbying
    basis of first amendment

    interfering with right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. 请愿投诉委屈
  42. U.S. Chamber of commerce( what is it)
    Biggest Umbrella Group
  43. US chamber of commerce
    • to represent interest of business
    • connect people to people to help each other
    • chamber: high integrity and good manners
    • find policies to increase job, network grow business
    • Challenges + opportunity + problem = legislative body  ( step to determine the rule)
  44. L-3 communication create 
    • Body scanner(air port)
    •                    company
  45. Coalition building & political action( book)
  46. Business  retention and expansion example 
    • 1) Omni Bedford Spring resort
    • 2) REI sporting goods
  47. Economic & Workforce development tools
    • Gov't coordination
    • Financing and Incentives
    • Real Estate and Infrastructure
    • Labor market Information & staff
    • Human resource assistance
  48. National Retail Federation (NRF)
    -Mission
    -About
    to advance the interests of the retail industry through advocacy, communications and education. 宣传,交流和教育

    • - the world’s largest retail trade association, representing discount and department stores, home goods and specialty stores
    • - NRF’s campaign highlights the industry’s opportunities for life-long careers, how retailers strengthen communities, and the critical role that retail plays in driving innovation.
  49. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
    -Mission
    -Vision
    -Our mission is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world.

    -We strive to reach the next level of safety, efficiency, environmental responsibility and global leadership. We are accountable to the American public and our stakeholders.

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