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DNA whose segments are from different sources, genes isolated and transferred to different organisms
an enzyme that recognizes a specific nucleotide sequence and breaks the DNA chain at those points
Small circles of DNA found outside chromosomes in prokaryotic organisms
Method of producing many copies of tiny segments of DNA
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Changes in DNA sequence
one base pair changes into a diffrent one
change in DNA that results in codons coding for a different amino acid than the original codon
change in DNA that results in codons coding for a "stop" resulting in an abnormally short protein
an increase in the number of copies of a particular segment of DNA
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