bio 15

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Author:
orioles15
ID:
273331
Filename:
bio 15
Updated:
2014-05-05 19:53:35
Tags:
molecular genetics
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Description:
molecular genetics
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  1. DNA whose segments are from different sources, genes isolated and transferred to different organisms
    Recombiant DNA
  2. an enzyme that recognizes a specific nucleotide sequence and breaks the DNA chain at those points
    Restriction Enzymes
  3. Small circles of DNA found outside chromosomes in prokaryotic organisms
    Plasmids
  4. Method of producing many copies of tiny segments of DNA
    Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  5. Changes in DNA sequence
    Mutations
  6. one base pair changes into a diffrent one
    Point mutation
  7. change in DNA that results in codons coding for a different amino acid than the original codon
    Missense mutation
  8. change in DNA that results in codons coding for a "stop" resulting in an abnormally short protein
    Nonsense mutation
  9. an increase in the number of copies of a particular segment of DNA
    Genetic amplification

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