Nutrition Part 1

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Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
273358
Filename:
Nutrition Part 1
Updated:
2014-05-05 22:26:39
Tags:
Nutrition
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  1. vitamins
    • needed in small amounts for cellular metabolism
    • don’t have caloric values
    • can make some (vit D)
  2. DRI
    dietary reference intakes
  3. RDA
    • recommended dietary allowance
    • based on age and gender
  4. AI
    • adequate intake
    • if don’t have RDA
  5. UL
    • Tolerable upper intake level
    • if exceeds this on daily basis can become toxic
  6. DV
    • daily value
    • only on food label
    • one fixed number
  7. DV Ca
    1,000mg
  8. RDA Ca Women
    1,200-1,500mg
  9. RDA Ca Men
    1,000mg
  10. solubility affects
    • absorption
    • transportation
    • storage in body
  11. water soluble vitamins
    • ex: b complex vitamins, choline, vit C
    • minimal storage so deficiencies develop quickly
    • usually low risk of toxicity
  12. fat soluble vitamin
    • A,E,D,K
    • excess stored in body so deficiencies take longer to develop and great risk of toxicity
    • need micelle for absorption
  13. Synthetic vitamins
    • perform same vitamin function but best to consume vitamins for food sources
    • synthetics may lack other benefits found in foods
    • phytochemicals
  14. phytochemical
    nonnutritive substance in plant based foods that have disease fighting properties

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