Bio Final: Angiosperms (5) Pollination

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Bio Final: Angiosperms (5) Pollination
2014-05-05 22:26:47
Plant Kingdom
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  1. What determineswhatpollinates a flower? Why?

    Some are __ while others are __
    the way they look; they evolved FOR insect flies

    Some are self-compatible(not the best situation; the pollen has to come from a different flower)

    others are self-incompatible
  2. Attraction for pollinators
    • nectar
    • pollen
    • edible flower parts
    • insects in the flower
  3. What pollinates flower?The firstpollinators were __.
  4. What attracts beetles?
    • flowers large or small clusters
    • white or light in color
    • strong odor
    • inducements for the beetle
  5. What attracts carrion beetles or flies?
    dull red or brown color for the flowers

    texture is wrinkled 

    smell awful (resemble rottingmeet)
  6. Bees
    most imp. 

    brightly colored petals, often blue or yellow

    "honey guides" sometimes only seen with UV light (located on the leaf)

    delicate, sweet odor

    produce nectar; nectary sometimes at base of petal-tube accessible only to specific insects

    snapdragons open only with the right weight of bee
  7. Butterflies
    flowers red or orange; butterflies see red

    active during the day

    brightly colored
  8. Moths
    active at night; some during the day

    white or light colored so they stand out atnight

    may open only at night

    heavy odor, sweet, and penetrating, emitted only after sundown
  9. Bird
    • little to no odor
    • long and tubular (excludes insects)
    • primarily red
    • lots of nectar
    • stamens and pollen exposed
    • hummingbirds
  10. Bats
    • tropics
    • elongated muzzles, long tongues, reduced or missing front teeth
    • flowers large and strong
    • copious nectar
    • dull in color
    • open only at night
    • strong fermenting or fruitlike odor
  11. Other
    • large and sturdy, smaller if in groups
    • dull colorif active at night
    • pungent
    • copious nectar
  12. win
    • temperate
    • separate flowers
    • small flowers
    • plants reduced/absent
    • dull in color (no need since wind does it; no need for attraction)
    • lots of pollen
    • large stigmas
    • no nectar
    • ovary has single ovule