A&P Final

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Morgan_001
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273366
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A&P Final
Updated:
2014-05-06 02:28:27
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anatomy
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anatomy final exam
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  1. Your brain is located within which major body cavity?
    A. pelvic
    B. thoracic 
    C. abdominal 
    D. ventral
    E. dorsal
    E. dorsal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What is the arrangement of microtubules found in cilia?
    A. 9+2
    B. 9+0 with a 9+2 basal body
    C. 9+2 with a 9+0 basal body
    D. None of these
    E. 9+0
    C. 9+2 with a 9+0 basal body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following is most common in your body?
    A. neutral feedback loop
    B. negative feedback loop
    C. direct feedback loop
    D. indirect feedback loop
    E. positive feedback loop
    B. negative feedback loop
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following terms describes a chemical reaction in which smaller subunits are combined to make larger molecules? 
    A. metabolism 
    B. homeostasis 
    C. none of these
    D. catabolism 
    E. anabolism 
    E. anabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which component of a glycolipid is the large base component of the molecule? 
    A. none of these
    B. lipids
    C. carbohydrates 
    D. nucleic acids
    E. proteins
    B. lipids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The term translation describes the...
    A. synthesis of RNA from a DNA template 
    B. synthesis of DNA from a RNA template 
    C. the assembly of a polypeptide from a RNA sequence 
    D. the exposure of a coding sequence of DNA
    e. none of the above
    C. the assembly of a polypeptide from a RNA sequence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Where does transcription take place in the cell?
    A. the nucleus 
    B. at a ribosome
    C. the plasma membrane 
    D. at a mitochondrion
    E. the cytoplasm
    A. the nucleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Where does translation take place in the cell?
    A. the cytoplasm 
    B. at a ribosome 
    C. the nucleus 
    D. the plasma membrane 
    E. at a mitochondrion
    B. at a ribosome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which version of RNA carries amino acids to the site of polypeptide synthesis?
    A. siRNA
    B. rRNA
    C. tRNA
    D. mRNA
    C. tRNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is NOT a function performed by the plasma membrane?
    A. regulation of exchange with environment 
    B. sensitivity to environment
    C. physical isolation
    D. structural support
    E. provide coloration 
    E. provide coloration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Vesicular transport is...
    A. active
    B. need more information to tell
    C. passive
    A. active
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Glycolipids are made up of ____ and lipids.
    A. proteins 
    B. lipids 
    C. nucleic acids
    D. carbohydrates 
    E. none of these
    D. carbohydrates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What classification based on position would you use to describe a protein attached to the surface of the plasma membrane? 
    A. channel
    B. enzyme 
    C. anchoring 
    D. peripheral 
    E. integral
    D. peripheral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What do you call the carbohydrate rich area surrounding a cell?
    A. lipocalyx 
    B. glycocalyx 
    C. fascia 
    D. none of these
    E. plasma membrane 
    B. glycocalyx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which type of cell junction acts like a rivet holding adjacent cells together tightly with proteins?
    A. none of these
    B. gap junctions 
    C. tight junctions 
    D. desmosomes 
    E. more than 1 of these 
    D. desmosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A substance is more likely to be able to freely diffuse if it is...
    a. assisted by a carrier 
    b. lipid soluble 
    c. small
    d. all of the above 
    e. none of the above
    d. all of the above
  17. Which organelle is sometimes referred to as the 'powerhouse' of the cell?
    A. centriole 
    B. nucleus
    C. mitochondria
    D. ribosome
    C. mitochondria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What structure inside of the nucleus contains the structures that function in synthesizing RNA?
    A. nucleoplasm 
    B. chromatin
    C. nuclear lamina 
    D. nuclear matrix 
    E. nucleoli 
    E. nucleoli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following terms describes a sequence of DNA that is coding?
    A. quadruplets 
    B. introns 
    C. chromatin
    D. chromosomes 
    E. exons 
    E. exons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What energy source powers diffusion?
    A. energy released from chemical bonds
    B. kinetic energy of molecules 
    C. energy absorbed by chemical bonds
    D. introverted energy 
    E. no energy is required for diffusion 
    B. kinetic energy of molecules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is characterized by having branching cells and intercalated discs?
    A. skeletal muscle 
    B. cardiac muscle 
    C. smooth muscle 
    d. all of the above 
    e. none of the above
    B. cardiac muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The relative charge inside of a resting cell's membrane is...
    A. neutral
    B. variable 
    C. positive 
    D. negative 
    D. negative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What do we call the classification of cells that support neurons?
    A. neuraides 
    B. nursery cells
    C. nerves
    D. chondrocytes
    E. neuroglia 
    E. neuroglia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following modes of glandular secretion describes a cell that secretes cell parts as well as its secretory product?
    A. holocrine 
    B. karyokin 
    C. apocrine 
    D. merocine
    E. none of these
    A. holocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. If a cell is placed into an extreme hypertonic solution what will happen to it?
    A. no change in volume 
    B. it will crenate (shrivel up)
    C. it will change color
    D. it will lyse (grow until it bursts) 
    B. it will crenate (shrivel up)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. What is the correct name for 'vitamin D3' when it is produced by cells in the epidermis? 
    A. hemoglobin 
    B. vitamin D3
    C. carotene 
    D. cholesterol 
    E. cholecalciferol 
    E. cholecalciferol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which type of connective tissue is the least specialized?
    A. areolar 
    B. adipose 
    C. elastic
    D. reticular 
    E. dense
    A. areolar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Centrioles have a specific arrangement of microtubule...
    A. triplets 
    B. quads
    C. doublets 
    D. none of these
    A. triplets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What do you call the membrane surrounding cartilage?
    A. periosteum 
    B. mesentery
    C. perichondrium 
    D. pericardium 
    E. pleura 
    C. perichondrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which major classification of cartilage is found in your intervertebral discs where it resists compression?
    A. discal cartilage
    B. articular cartilage 
    C. hyaline cartilage 
    D. elastic cartilage 
    E. fibrocartilage 
    E. fibrocartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following modes of glandular secretion breaks apart the apical portion of the cell as it secretes its products (may not be present in humans)?
    A. karyokin
    B. none of these
    C. holocrine 
    D. merocine 
    E. apocrine 
    E. apocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which special name given to epithelia describes the lining of lymphatic vessels. blood vessels, and heart chambers?
    A. epithelium 
    B. none of these
    C. endothelium 
    D. mesothelium 
    E. parathelium 
    C. endothelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following is NOT a potential function of connective tissue?
    a. supporting 
    b. storing energy
    c. transport 
    d. insulation 
    e. all of the above are possible functions
    e. all of the above are possible functions
  34. Which multi-tissue membrane type that we discussed in class covers body cavities that open to the outside?
    A. serous 
    B. mucous 
    C. endothelial 
    D. cutaneous 
    e. none of the above
    B. mucous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which multi-tissue membrane type that we discussed in class is also called your integument?
    A. mucous 
    B. cutaneous 
    C. endothelial 
    D. serous 
    e. none of the above
    B. cutaneous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following layers of epidermis is only found in thick skin?
    A. stratum granulosum 
    B. stratum lucidum 
    C. stratum spinosum 
    D. stratum basale 
    E. stratum corneum
    B. stratum lucidum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which skin pigment is also important for maintaining your vision by being transformed into visual pigments? 
    A. none of these
    B. melanin 
    C. more than 1 of these 
    D. carotene 
    E. hemoglobin 
    D. carotene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which type of cell junction connects adjacent cells together so closely that fluids cannot pass between them?
    A. desmosomes 
    B. more than 1 of these 
    C. tight junctions 
    D. none of these
    E. gap junctions 
    C. tight junctions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which type of cell junction allows for the movement of fluids and ions between the cytoplasm of adjacent cells?
    A. none of these
    B. desmosomes 
    C. gap junctions 
    D. tight junctions 
    E. more than 1 of these 
    C. gap junctions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What do we call the relative charge help apart by a selectively permeable plasma membrane?
    A. charge
    B. transmembrane potential
    C. voltage 
    D. depolarization
    B. transmembrane potential
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What classification of tissue makes up the connective portion of a serous membrane?
    A. dense irregular connective tissue proper 
    B. hyaline cartilage 
    C. areolar loose supporting connective tissue
    D. dense regular connective tissue proper 
    E. areolar loose connective tissue proper 
    E. areolar loose connective tissue proper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following is NOT 1 of the 4 concepts of the cell theory that we discussed in class?
    A. surface area to volume relationship 
    B. cellular basis of continuation of life 
    C. complementarity 
    D. cells as the basic structural and functional unit of life 
    E. cell function determining organismal function
    A. surface area to volume relationship
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which major organic macromolecules would you NOT expect to find as a major part of a plasma membrane?
    A. lipids 
    B. carbohydrates 
    C. nucleic acids
    D. proteins 
    e. more than 1 of the above
    C. nucleic acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which layers of the epidermis produce 'vitamin D3'?
    A. basale and granulosum 
    B. none of these
    C. basale and spinosum 
    D. spinosum and conrneum 
    E. granulosum and spinosum 
    C. basale and spinosum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which layer of the dermis is most superficial?
    A. basale 
    B. reticular layer 
    C. papillary layer
    D. hypodermis 
    E. spinosum
    C. papillary layer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which is NOT true of the papillary layer of the dermis?
    A. all of these are true
    B. it is largely areolar connective tissue proper 
    C. it is most responsible for the toughness of the skin
    D. it contains nerve endings that respond to stimuli 
    E. it is highly vascular 
    C. it is most responsible for the toughness of the skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following is NOT an epidermal derivative? 
    A. sweat gland 
    B. sebaceous gland 
    C. sensory receptor 
    D. hair
    E. all are epidermal derivatives
    C. sensory receptor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What term best describes the active transport of a substance across a membrane powering the movement of another substance but in an opposite direction?
    A. cotransport 
    B. none of these
    C. tertiary active transport 
    D. vesicular transport 
    E. countertransport 
    E. countertransport
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following terms describes 'cell drinking' or the endocytosis of a fluid?
    A. phagocytosis 
    B. pinocytosis 
    C. drinkcytosis 
    D. exocytosis 
    E. receptor mediated endocytosis
    B. pinocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which type of glandular tissue excretes its product into the intersitial fluids between the cells?
    A. none of these
    B. endocrine
    C. hormonal 
    D. externin
    E. exocrine
    B. endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Which kind of the following is not a true part of your integument?
    A. cutaneous membrane 
    B. dermis 
    C. hypodermis 
    D. epidermis 
    e. all of the above are integumentary
    C. hypodermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. In which of the following layers of epidermis do your skin cells die? 
    A. stratum granulosum 
    B. stratum corneum
    C. stratum basale 
    D. stratum lucidum 
    E. stratum spinosum 
    A. stratum granulosum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. What causes the difference in charge on either side of a plasma membrane?
    A. the presence of metallic ions 
    B. unequal distribution of charged ions 
    C. the insulating properties of the membrane 
    D. none of these
    E. communication with the nervous system
    B. unequal distribution of charged ions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which of the following organelles is non-membranous?
    A. peroxisomes
    B. mitochondria 
    C. nucleus 
    D. ribosomes 
    E. lysosomes
    D. ribosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. How does the nucleus control the structure and function of the entire cell?
    A. synthesis of all 4 major organic macromolecules 
    B. protein synthesis 
    C. carbohydrate synthesis 
    D. lipid synthesis 
    e. none of the above
    B. protein synthesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. How many chromosomes (not pairs) does a normal human cell about to undergo mitosis have?
    A. 23
    B. 12
    C. 13
    D. 60
    E. 46
    E. 46
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The term transcription describes the...
    A. synthesis of DNA from a RNA template 
    B. the exposure of a coding sequence of DNA
    C. the assembly of a polypeptide from a RNA sequence 
    D. synthesis of RNA from a DNA template 
    e. none of the above
    D. synthesis of RNA from a DNA template
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Which organelle is most directly involved in polypeptide assembly?
    A. ER
    B. mitochondrion
    C. golgi apparatus 
    D. nucleus 
    E. ribosomes
    E. ribosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following portions of the cell life cycle is by far the longest?
    A. anaphase 
    B. interphase 
    C. cytokinesis  
    D. telophase
    E. prophase 
    B. interphase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Which organ system is the only example of a system that is NOT concerned with maintaining homeostasis?
    A. reproductive 
    B. none of these
    C. urinary 
    D. lymphatic 
    E. skeletal
    A. reproductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. If you are studying the blood vessels on the surface of the heart what level of anatomy are you looking at?
    A. surface
    B. regional 
    C. gross
    D. microscopic
    E. systemic 
    C. gross
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. What do we call the water based fluid component of the substance filling the plasma membrane?
    A. regional 
    B. cytoplasm 
    C. water
    D. organelles
    E. microscopic
    A. cytosol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which of the following organelles are membranous? 
    A. cytoskeleton
    B. proteasomes 
    C. ribosomes 
    D. golgi apparatus 
    E. centrioles
    D. golgi apparatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Your foot belongs to which of the largest regional divisions of your body?
    A. posterior 
    B. appendicular 
    C. none of these
    D. anterior 
    E. axial
    B. appendicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. If a person is having their head cut off in a guillotine, which plane is being cut through the body?
    A. frontal 
    B. sagittal 
    C. transverse
    D. oblique 
    E. coronal
    C. transverse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of the following describes physiology? 
    A. the study of tissues 
    B. the study of the structure of a body
    C. study of a system of the body
    D. the study of cells
    E. the study of the functioning of a body
    E. the study of the functioning of a body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. How many organs systems does the human body have?
    A. 9
    B. 11
    C. 12
    D. 8
    E. 10
    B. 11
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. The abdominopelvic quadrants are divided by lines that cross in which of the 9 regions used by anatomists? 
    A. umbilical 
    B. R hypochondriac 
    C. L inguinal 
    D. R lumbar
    E. epigastric 
    A. umbilical
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. If the actions of an effector increases the stimulus to the receptor you have a(n)...
    A. direct feedback loop
    B. negative feedback loop
    C. indirect feedback loop
    D. neutral feedback loop
    E. positive feedback loop
    E. positive feedback loop
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which of the following organelles did we mention as being necessary for cell division?
    A. golgi apparatus
    B. ribosomes
    C. lysosomes 
    D. mitochondria
    E. centrioles 
    E. centrioles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Which type of protein fiber we discussed is by far the most common? 
    A. microfilaments
    B. reticular 
    C. collagen
    D. elastic 
    E. microtubules 
    C. collagen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which type of protein fiber we discussed forms a branching interwoven network of fibers called a stroma?
    A. collagen
    B. reticular 
    C. microfilaments
    D. elastic 
    E. microtubules
    B. reticular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. What do we call the pattern of fiber bundles in the skin that are important to surgeons who want to reduce scarring and speed healing?
    A. cut lines
    B. dotted lines
    C. cleavage lines
    D. friction ridges
    E. tactile corpuscles 
    C. cleavage lines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Which region near the surface of your body is ideal for injecting substances that need to make it into your blood without being injected into major organs or nerves?
    A. dermis
    B. none of these
    C. epidermis 
    D. fascia 
    E. hypodermis 
    E. hypodermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Your muscles are ____ to your integument. 
    A. deep
    B. proximal 
    C. inferior
    D. distal
    E. superficial 
    A. deep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Which layer of the dermis makes up the majority of the volume of the dermis?
    A. hypodermis 
    B. basale 
    C. spinosum 
    D. reticular layer
    E. papillary layer
    D. reticular layer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Your digital region is ___ to your carpal region.
    A. none of these
    B. distal
    C. anterior 
    D. proximal 
    E. posterior 
    B. distal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. The structural and functional unit of life is...
    A. a cell
    B. a molecule 
    C. an organ
    D. the organism 
    e. none of the above
    A. a cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Which of the following is the only muscle type able to divide?
    A. cardiac 
    B. skeletal
    C. smooth
    d. none of the above
    C. smooth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which of the following pairings is incorrect?
    A. parietal pericardium/outer surface of heart 
    B. visceral peritoneum/outer surface of small intestine 
    C. parietal pleura/wall of thoracic cavity
    d. all of the above are correct 
    e. none of the above are correct
    A. parietal pericardium/outer surface of heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Terms that apply to the front of the body in anatomical position includes:
    A. posterior; dorsal
    B. medial; lateral 
    C. ventral; anterior 
    D. back; rear
    e. none of the above
    C. ventral; anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. A physiologist observes that the concentration of sodium inside a cell is decidedly lower than that outside the cell. Sodium diffuses easily across the plasma membrane of such cells when they are dead but not when they are alive. What cellular function that is lacking in dead cells explains this condition?
    A. active transport (solute pumping)
    B. diffusion 
    C. osmosis 
    D. dialysis 
    E. none of these explain this
    A. active transport (solute pumping)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Which major classification of cartilage is most common in your body?
    A. articular cartilage 
    B. discaal cartilage
    C. fibrocartilage 
    D. hyaline cartilage 
    E. elastic cartilage 
    D. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. What do you call the membrane surrounding bone tissue?
    A. mesentery 
    B. perichondrium 
    C. periosteum 
    D. pericardium
    E. pleura 
    C. periosteum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Which of the following abdominopelvic regions is most inferior?
    A. R lumbar 
    B. hypogastric 
    C. R hypocondriac
    D. umbilica 
    E. R iliac 
    E. R iliac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. What do we call the study of cells?
    A. parasitology 
    B. cytology 
    C. physiology 
    D. karyology
    E. histology 
    B. cytology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. Your cephalic region is ___ to your thorax. 
    A. none of these
    B. inferior 
    C. posterior 
    D. anterior 
    E. superior 
    E. superior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. The solute pumping type (ex: Na+/K+ pump) of active transport is accomplished by...
    A. phagocytosis 
    B. changes in the shape and position of carrier molecules in the plasma membrane
    C. exocytosis 
    D. electrical forces in the cell membrane 
    B. changes in the shape and position of carrier molecules in the plasma membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. The RNA species that travels from the nucleus to the cytoplasm carrying the coded message specifying the sequence of amino acids in the protein to be made is...
    A. mRNA
    B. none of these
    C. rRNA
    D. siRNA
    E. tRNA
    A. mRNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. The epidermis provides a physical barrier due largely to the presence of...
    A. keratin 
    B. none of these
    C. collagen
    D. melanin
    E. carotene 
    A. keratin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. The product of this type of sweat gland includes protein and lipid substances that become odoriferous as a result of bacterial action:
    A. sebaceous gland 
    B. pancreatic gland
    C. salivary gland
    D. apocrine gland 
    E. eccrine gland
    A. sebaceous gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Sebum...
    A. lubricates the surface of the skin and hair
    B. is the product of sebaceous glands 
    C. all of these
    D. consists of cell fragments and fatty substances 
    E. is produced by epithelial tissue 
    C. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Which of the following terms describes a 'sweat gland'?
    A. sudoriforous 
    B. sebaceous 
    C. mammary
    D. none of these
    E. ceruminous 
    A. sudoriforous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Which term describes a 'programmed cell death' occasionally seen in the body in the process of development?
    A. meiosis
    B. apoptosis 
    C. cytokinesis 
    D. telomere 
    E. atrophy
    B. apoptosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. Which of the following organelles has a double membrane?
    A. ER
    B. lysosomes
    C. mitochondria 
    D. perxisomes 
    E. golgi apparatus 
    C. mitochondria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Which membrane organelle is NOT a part of membrane flow?
    A. karyology
    B. mitochondria 
    C. parasitology 
    D. nucleus 
    E. ER
    E. histology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. What do we call the study of tissues? 
    A. karyology
    B. histology 
    C. parasitology 
    D. cytology 
    E. physiology 
    B. histology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. Which tissue type usually covers exposed surfaces and lines body cavities?
    A. cardiac 
    B. skeletal
    C. connective 
    D. nervous
    E. none of these
    E. none of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of epithelial tissues that we discussed in class?
    A. regeneration
    B. polarity 
    C. not innervated 
    D. cellularity 
    E. avascular 
    C. not innervated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. Which of the following terms describes an 'oil gland'?
    A. mammary
    B. ceruminous 
    C. sebaceous 
    D. sudoriforous 
    E. none of these
    C. sebaceous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. True or False. 
    The term homeostasis describes an unchanging set of conditions found in the body.
    False
  102. True or False. 
    All cells in your body have a plasma membrane, a cytoplasm, and a nucleus.
    False
  103. True or False. 
    People of all skin colors have roughly the same number of melanocytes.
    True
  104. True or False.
    The plasma membrane is in constant communication and exchange with the membrane of most of the membranous organelles.
    True
  105. True or False.
    Transcription describes exposing sequences of DNA by altering their interactions with proteins called desmosomes.
    False
  106. True or False.
    ALL types of extracellular fluid are connected and flowing from 1 category to the next.
    True
  107. True or False.
    Cartilage lacks blood vessels but is innervated.
    False
  108. True or False.
    Every cell in your body has a resting potential (when it is resting).
    True
  109. True or False.
    The organ system is the smallest level of organization that can perform all of the functions of life.
    False
  110. Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?
    A. storage 
    B. hematopoietic site
    C. an irregular bone
    D. a sutural bone
    E. support 
    D. all of the above
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. A bone with approximately the same width, length, and height is most likely...
    A. a long bone
    B. an irregular bone
    C. a short bone
    D. a flat bone
    E. a sutural bone
    C. a short bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. The shaft of a long bone is properly called the...
    A. diaphysis
    B. epiphysis 
    C. metaphysis
    D. compact bone
    E. periosteum 
    A. diaphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. An osteon has...
    A. a central canal carrying blood vessels
    B. canaliculi that connect lacunae to the central canal 
    C. osteocytes in lacunae 
    D. all of these
    E. concentric lamellae 
    D. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. The flat bones of the skull develop from...
    A. hyaline cartilage 
    B. fibrous connective tissue
    C. areolar tissue
    D. compact bone
    E. none of these
    B. fibrous connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. Which rib paris are classified as vertebrosternal? 
    A. 1 & 10
    B. 1-7
    C. 8-10
    D. 11-12
    B. 1-7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. A movement in the limbs away from the longitudinal axis of the body is called...
    A. extension
    B. abduction
    C. adduction
    D. circumduction 
    E. flexion
    B. abduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. The remodeling of bone is a function of which cells?
    A. chondroblasts and osteoclasts 
    B. osteoblasts and osteocytes 
    C. osteoblasts and osteoclasts 
    D. chondrocytes and osteocytes 
    e. none of the above
    B. osteoblasts and osteocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. Formation of the body callus in fracture repair is followed by...
    A. migration of basal cells
    B. formation of granulation tissue
    C. hematoma formation
    D. bone remodeling 
    E. fibrocartilaginous callus formation
    D. bone remodeling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. Which of the following are cells that can dissolve the bony matrix?
    A. osteoblasts 
    B. lamellae
    C. canaliculi 
    D. endosteum
    E. osteoclasts 
    E. osteoclasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. Which rib(s) articulate with 2 vertebrae and with the inferior vertebrae at 2 points?
    A. 1 & 10
    B. 11-12
    C. 8-10
    D. none of these
    E. 2-9
    E. 2-9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. Bending your head back past the anatomical position is an example of ______.
    A. lateral flexion
    B. flexion
    C. extension
    D. hyperextension 
    E. circumduction 
    D. hyperextension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. Multiaxial joints of the body include______. 
    A. the knee and elbow 
    B. the ankle and wrist
    C. intercarpal and intertarsal joints 
    D. the hip and shoulder 
    e. none of the above
    D. the hip and shoulder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. Which rib(s) articulate with 1 vertebrae at 2 points? 
    A. 1 & 10
    B. none of these
    C. 11-12
    D. 8-10
    E. 2-9
    A. 1 & 10
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. Which functional classification of joints describes a slightly moveable joint?
    A. synarthrotic 
    B. syndesmosis
    C. amphiarthrotic 
    D. synchondrosis 
    E. diarthrotic 
    C. amphiarthrotic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. What do we call layers of bone matrix?
    A. lamellae
    B. osteoclasts 
    C. canaliculi 
    D. osteoblasts 
    E. endosteum
    A. lamellae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. Anatomical characteristics shared by all synovial joints include all of the following except...
    A. an articular capsule 
    B. articular cartilage 
    C. a joint cavity
    D. synovial fluid
    E. presence of fibrocartilage 
    E. presence of firbrocartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. Factors that influence the stability of a synovial joint include...
    a. shape of articular surfaces
    b. presence of ligaments 
    c. tone of surrounding muscle 
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  128. Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?
    A. syntosis
    B. gomphoses 
    C. syndesmoses 
    D. synchondroses 
    E. sutures 
    D. synchondroses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  129. Which of the following are cells that can build bony matrix?
    A. osteoprogenitor cells 
    B. gomphoses 
    C. syntosis
    D. endosteum 
    E. osteoblasts 
    E. osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  130. What classification based on the shape of the bone do we put the triquetrum in?
    A. long bone 
    B. flat bone 
    C. sesamoid bone
    D. short bone
    E. irregular bone
    D. short bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  131. What bone marking term describes a narrow slit-like opening?
    A. fissure
    B. foramen
    C. groove
    D. sinus
    E. meatus 
    A. fissure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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