CH 25-28 w.history.txt
Card Set Information
CH 25-28 w.history.txt
industrialism imperialism history
Europe had large deposits of naturals resources, esp. ___ and ___.
About ___% of the British live in rural areas.
Workers weave ___ on hand looms in their homes.
___ is used to produce iron in small amounts.
England had banks and encouraged what 3 things to invest in industry?
trade, invention, and money
**What led to the factory system?
New textile machinery
in 1765, he invented the first steam engine
How did steam engines affect life?
it produced more power and allowed factories to be built in cities near workers
he invented a cheap process for making steel which is stronger than iron
Effects of steel?
allowed engineers todesign more powerful machines, taller buildings, and longer bridges
the increase in population and enclosure of farms forced people to move to cities
poorly constructed apartments built by factory owners in neighborhoods called the slums. Many families shared these apartments and lacked running water and sanitation.
What did workers join, in demand of better pay, fewer hours, and safer work conditions
what did workers do when union demands were not met?
they went on strike
who introduced a radical form of socialism called communism?
The Communist Manifesto
predicted a war between "haves" and " have nots"
What kind of things did Karl Marx encourage workers to do?
overthrow owners, seize control of factories, distribute goods evenly, and create economic equality for all
created equality and end poverty by redistributing wealth from rich capitalist to the poor workers
what did socialists argue?
the government should plan the economy by controlling factories, farms, railroads, mines and important industries
Where and when did the Industrial Revolution lead to imperialism
Africa, India, China, the Pacific in the mid 1800s
what did empires need in order to fuel the demand for factory goods?
the ideology that appies biological concepts of "survival of the fittest"..assuming that conflict between groups in society leads to progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones
What happened in the Berlin Conference?
1884, 14 nations met to "set rules for colonizing in Africa" because they were afraid wars would break out.
constructed in 1859, a shipping canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea at port Said with the Red Sea
indians soldiers that the British hired to protect their trade and territories
what rumors who spread in 1857 that made the Hindu and Muslim sepoys outraged enough to rebel against the British?
sepoy gun cartridges supplied by the British were greases with pork and beef fat
sepoys rebelled against british and it lasted over 1 year; the british had to send troops to help the East India Co
Britain sold opium drug to Chinese(who were addicted to it) and they refused to end the trade so China declared war on Britain but British won bc their awesome navy
What treaty ended the Opium wars?
Treaty of Nanjing
What did the British gain from The Treaty of Nanjing?
Hong Kong and extraterritorial rights in china
foreigners are exempted from a country's laws
Spheres of Influences?
areas where a foreign nation had exclusive trade rights and control over economic activities
Open Door Policy
US proposed this so merchants from all nations can trade freely with China
rebellion against Quing Dynasty and China led by Hong Xiuquan in attempt to end poverty among peasants(rapid population growth)
led by frustrated Chinese who wanted to expel foreigners from China bc foreign influence and poverty; this was later ended by an army of 19000 British, French, and American soldiers
He demanded that the Japanese trade with the USA...officials signed the Treaty of Kanagawa which opened 2 ports to American Mechants
Treaty of Kanagawa
opened 2 ports to American mechants
What happened after the Tokugawa shogun stepped down bringing an end to 600 years of military dictatorship?(Meijing Restoration)
Emperor Mutsuhito took control of the gov. and took the title Meiji(enlightened rule)
a dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan
in fuedal japan, a military commander who ruled in the name of an emperor
Russo-Japanese war started over what? what happened
control of Port Arthur and Manchuria; the Japanese defeated western power
which president help draft the treaty that Korea to Japan and removed Russia from Manchuria
Members of one or more of the insurgent groups in Turkey (late 1900s) who rebelled against absolutism of Ottoman rule
proposed by James Monroe; US commited to neutrality of Europe but promised to protect Western Hemisphere form European colonization
manmade waterway connecting that Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; built by US
people being loyal to their nation(whom share history/culture); led to revolutions for democracy and formation of new nations
a prime minister in Germany who went against the law to solve a problem with parliament
Otto Von Bismark
Quote:Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided but by.. Iron and Blood
Otto Von Bismark
the takeover of a country/territory by a stronger nation with intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the ppl of that nation
an economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit
Which of the following experienced an increase in demand because of industrialization?
the people own all property and means of production
Karl Marx is associated with..
Impact of British colonialism in India?
they built many railroads and added telegraph lines
Which country took control of Indochina?(vietnam,cambodia, ect.)
During the isolation under the Tokugawa, the Japanese traded with...?
What impact did the Meiji emperor have on Japan?
He helped reform Japan based on European and American models.
A major goal of the US in the early 1900s was the building of
the Panama Canal