Minerals Part 1

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  1. Minerals
    primary component of body fluid and other functions in body
  2. Essential minerals
    • 16
    • Major minerals
    • Trace minerals
    • both form plants and animals
    • imbalances can affect absorptions of others
  3. Compete for absorption
    Ca block Fe absorptions
  4. Major minerals requirements
    >=100mg/day
  5. Trace minerals
    <= 20mg/day
  6. Calcium Function
    • bone and teeth formation
    • nerve impulse transmission
    • muscle contraction
    • blood pressure
  7. Calcium Sources
    • dairy: yogurt, cheese, milk;
    • salmon, almonds, legumes, leafy green
    • fortified foods: OJ, coy milk and other dairy free “milks”, tofu
  8. Calcium efficiency
    • low BMD- advancing to osteomalacia/osteoporosis
    • muscle weakness/lack of coordination
  9. Calcium toxicity
    • most often from supplements
    • blocks Fe/Zinc
    • possible kidney stones
  10. Iron Function
    • formation of Hb/ myoglobin
    • O2 delivery to tissues
  11. Iron Sources Heme
    red meat, eggs, dark meat, poultry, fish
  12. Iron Sources Non-heme
    green leafy, legumes, enriched grains, some cereals, dried fruit, nuts and seeds
  13. Iron deficiency
    • Iron deficiency anemia
    • s/s: fatigue, weakness of breath, SOB, dizziness, pale skin, reduced immunity, compromised circulation
  14. Iron toxicity
    • hemochromatosis
    • **IRON IS TOXIC TO THE LIVER!!!

Card Set Information

Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
273448
Filename:
Minerals Part 1
Updated:
2014-05-06 16:28:37
Tags:
Minerals Part
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Description:
Minerals Part 1
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