Card Set Information
wedsite dev files
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
Tells the browser this is an eXtensibleMarkup Language (XML) file using
the UFT-8 character set..
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
This is the Document Type Definition (DTD) specifies that this
XML file is one of three "flavours" of XHTML 1.0 (strict,
frameset) designed for web page applications.
Almost all of your work for this module should conform to the strict
This is the root element of the document containing the data
first two lines are metadata describing the data structure). The html
element needs an attribute (xmlns) and value (http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml)
related to the specification of the xhtml used in the file.
<!-- template of basic structure of an xhtml file -->
This is a comment that the browser ignores but it's there to help people
understand the source code.
XHTML comments begin with <!-- and finish with -->
/* <![CDATA[ */
Start of CDATA (character data) section enclosed in CSS comments means
CSS will be ignored by XHTML validator.
/* ]]> */
Opening and closing CDATA directives enclosed in CSS comments so that
CDAT directives ignored by CSS validator.
whats an element
The first word or character that appears inside the "<"
opening bracket is called the element. An
element is a command that tells the browser to do something, such as <p>.
what are attributes?
Attributes that appear to the right of the element are separated by a
space, and followed by an equal sign. The
value of the attribute is contained in quotes. In the following
example the element is p, the attribute
is name, and the value of that attribute is fred.
<p name="fred">This is a bit of text.</p>
how do you get a manual line break?
how do you get a horizontal rule tag?
inline elements which should be used for structuring information rather
than formatting text.
Tells the browser that the text is a piece of computer program code.
Tells the browser that the enclosed text is emphasised in some way (how emphasis is applied will depend on the
browser and style).
Tells the browser to retain the spaces and newlines used in the source code. Normally a brower treats
combinations spaces, tabs and new lines as a single space.ells the browser that the enclosed text is "strong" or important.
Tells the browser that the enclosed text is "strong" or important.
Signifies an ampersand or & character
Signifies a copyright or © symbol
Signifies a < or greater than character
Signifies a < or less than character
Non breaking space - if you want multiple spaces you should put
for each blank space
you want to appear in the web page.