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A pathogen is an organism that can cause disease. What are the different types of human pathogens?
- unicellular organisms (protozoans)
- multicellular animals
Pathogens may enter the body through...
- broken skin
- or contact of a mucous membrane (such as nasal, urinary, or vaginal mucosa)
______ bacteria have a thick cell wall and retain the color purple after staining. These include staph, strep, and eterococci.
The 5 principals of delaying emergence of resistance are:
_____ whenever possible by teaching health promotions like immunizations.
Use the ____ for the infection.
_______ of antibiotics.
__________Advise, pt to take the anti-infectives for the _____ of therapy, even if they "feel better".
Prevent transmission with _____________.
- right drug
- restrict use
- full length
- standard precautions
Patients with AIDS or those being treated with __________ drugs or _________drugs may require more aggressive therapy.
______ disrupt bacteria cell walls and are most effective against gram positive bacteria. Allergies occur most frequently with this class anti-infectives
__________ such as Erythromycin are inactivatied by stomach acid and so are enteric coated. In low doses they are _____, and in high doses they are _________. These drugs should not be given with fruit juice or _______(herbal supplement).
Macrolides; bacteriostatic, bacteriocidal, St. Johns Wort
______ were only reserved for UTI's only because of their toxicity.