Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders
2014-05-06 20:08:46

Vocabulary Terms
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  1. Mood disorders
    disturbance in emotion
  2. Major depression
    ·  Severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause

    ·  Lasts for at least two weeks

    ·  Must cause distress or impairment

    ·  Must not be attributable to substance abuse, bereavement or medical illness
  3. Bipolar disorder
    Severe mood swings between major depressive episodes and manic episodes
  4. Mania
    Having the quality of excessive excitement, energy, and elation or irritability
  5. Seasonal affect Disorder (SAD)
    A mood disorder caused by the body's reaction to low levels of sunlight in the winter months
  6. Anxiety disorders
    All disorders in which the most dominate symptoms is excessive or unrealistic anxiety
  7. Free floating anxiety
    Anxiety that seems to be unrelated any realistic, known factor
  8. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    Disorder in which a person has feelings of dread and impending doom, along with physical symptoms of stress, which lasts 6 months or more
  9. Phobia
    An irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity
  10. Social phobia
    Fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evaluation
  11. Specific phobia
    Fear of objects or specific situations or events
  12. Panic disorder
    Disorder in which panic attacks occur frequently enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life - often they begin to avoid certain things for fear they will trigger an attack
  13. Panic attack
    Sudden onset of intense panic in which multiple physical symptoms
  14. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts (obsessions) create anxiety that is temporarily relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior (compulsion)
  15. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    A disorder resulting from exposure to a major stressor

    Symptoms: anxiety, dissociation, nightmares, poor sleep, reliving the event, and concentration problems
  16. Behavioral model
    State that disordered behavior is learned through both + and - reinforcement
  17. Psychoanalytic model
    Point to repressed urges and desires that are trying to come into conscious, creating anxiety that is controlled by abnormal behavior
  18. Cognitive model
    Illogical, irrational thought processes
  19. Biological model
    Believe in evolutionary basis for anxiety; chemical imbalances in nervous system
  20. Anorexia
    Condition in which a person reduces eating to the point that a weight loss of 15 percent or more below the ideal body weight occurs
  21. Bulimia
    A condition in which a person develops a cycle of "binging," or overeating enormous amounts of food at one sitting, and then using unhealthy methods to avoid weight gain
  22. Binge eating disorder
    Significant binge eating followed by remorse but do not purge or fast
  23. Schizophrenia
    Sever disorder in which the person suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations, and is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality
  24. Schizophrenia

    Positive symptoms
    Presence of inappropriate behavior; hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate thinking and behavior and disorganized speech
  25. Schizophrenia

    Negative symptoms
    Absence of normal appropriate behavior; poor attention, flat affect
  26. Types of Schizophrenia:

    Behavior is bizarre and childish and thinking, speech, and motor actions are very disordered

    EX.  Inappropriate emotions, socially impaired, silly & nonsensical speech; neglect hygiene and other needs
  27. Types of Schizophrenia:

    Periods of statue-like immobility mixed with occasional bursts of energetic, frantic movement and talking
  28. Types of Schizophrenia:

    Type of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur, and jealousy, together with hallucinations
  29. Schizophrenia Causes:

    Cognitive Model
    Severely irrational thinking
  30. Schizophrenia Causes:

    Behavioral Model
    · Reinforcement, observational

    • · learning, and shaping affect the development
    • of the behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia
  31. Schizophrenia Causes:

    Psychoanalytic model
    A severe breakdown of the ego, overwhelmed by demands of id and results in childish, infantile behavior
  32. Schizophrenia Causes:

    Biological Model
    On dopamine, structural defects in brain, inflammation, and genetic influences in schizophrenia
  33. Schizophrenia Causes:

    Stress-Vulnerability Model
    A biological sensitivity, or vulnerability, to a certain disorder that will develop under the right conditions of environmental or emotional stress
  34. Dissociative amnesia
    Loss of memory for personal information, either partial or complete
  35. Dissociative fugue
    Traveling away from familiar surroundings with amnesia for the trip and possible amnesia for personal information
  36. Depersonalization disorder
    Sufferers feel detached and disconnected from themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings
  37. Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
    Disorder occurring when a person seems to have 2 or more distinct personalities within one body
  38. Cognitive-behavioral model
    Kind of avoidance learning
  39. Psychoanalytic model
    Repression of memories, seeing dissociation as a defense mechanism against anxiety
  40. Biological model
    Something wrong in part of brain that controls personality