Kinesiology-orientation to the body

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Author:
CanuckGirl
ID:
273558
Filename:
Kinesiology-orientation to the body
Updated:
2014-05-07 17:16:14
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Terms Position Direction movement
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Description:
Terms of position and direction and movement
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  1. These terms refer to a structure being closer to the head or higher than another structure of the  body.
    • Cranial
    • Superior
  2. These terms refer to a structure being more in front than another structure in the body
    • Anterior
    • Ventral
  3. These terms refer to a structure being more in back than another structure in the body.
    • Posterior
    • Dorsal
  4. This term refer to a structure that is closer to the median plane than another structure in the body. Also referred to as inside of side view or center.
    Medial
  5. This term refer to a structure that is further away from the median plane than another structure in the body.
    Lateral
  6. Employed only with the reference to the limbs, this term refers to a structure being closer to the median plane or root of the limb than another structure in the limb.
    Proximal
  7. Employed only with the reference to the limbs, this term refers to a structure being further away to the median plane or root of the limb than another structure in the limb.
    Distal
  8. These terms refer to structure being closer to the feet or the lower part of the body than another structure in the body.
    • Inferior
    • Caudal
  9. (1)This term is synonymous with external, closer to the surface of the body. (2)This term is synonymous with internal, further away from the surface.
    • (1)Superficial
    • (2)Deep
  10. This term means on the same side as the reference point. (1)
    This term means on the opposite side of the reference point. (2)
    • (1) Ipsilateral
    • (2) contralateral
  11. __________ of a joint is to generally straighten it. Increasing joint angle, bending up.
    extension
  12. At the ankle joint, extension is termed __________.
    dorsiflextion
  13. ________ of a joint is to bend it down or decrease the angle between the bones of the joint.
    flexion
  14. At the ankle joint, flexion is called ______.
    plantar flexion
  15. ________ of a joint moves a bone away from the midline of the body.
    abduction
  16. _________ of a joint moves a bone toward the midline of the body.
    adduction
  17. what is circumduction? what joints is it permitted at?
    • circular movement
    • permitted at ball and socket, condylar, and saddle joints
  18. _________ of a joint is to turn the moving bone about its axis.
    rotation
  19. __________ is the neutral anatomical position f the wrist, palm facing up.(external rotation of the radiohumeral joint)
    • supination
  20. _________  is the position of the wrist with the palm facing down. (internal rotation of the radiohumeral joint)
    pronation
  21. ________ turns the sole of the foot (plantar) inward.
    inversion
  22. ________ turns the sole of the foot (plantar) outward.
    eversion
  23. Movements of bones occur at?
    joints

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