psychology of health ch.16 death and dying and beauty

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joelenegonzalez
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273568
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psychology of health ch.16 death and dying and beauty
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2014-05-07 06:42:01
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psy health
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  1. healthcare disparities
    • Healthcare Disparities-  a particular
    • type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, an
    • environmental disadvantage. Disparities exist based on race and ethnicity,
    • education, income, gender, sexual orientation, disability status, special
    • health care needs, and geographic location.
  2. issues in US healthcare sys
    • proliferation of  expensive technologyLg proportion of physicians who are specialistinefficient
    • administrationinappropriate
    • treatmentsprofit-orientated
    • system that resists controls
  3. primary prevention
    • consists of
    • immunizations and programs that encourage lifestyle changes; this type of
    • prevention is usually a good bargain.
  4. secondary prevention
    • consist of screening people at risk for developing a
    • disease in order to find potential problems in their early and more treatable
    • stages. secondary prevention may cost more than it saves.
  5. injuries- unintentional
    • - automobile crashes account for ⅔ of fatalities of young people 15-24
    • y/o, due to drinking and driving. 
    • College students are more likely to to drive after drinking than
    • non-student peers. Seatbelts- unrestrained drivers are 5xs more likely to be
    • injured than those in restraints. Men are less likely to use seat belts, but
    • women are more likely to use cellphones while driving-
  6. preventing injury
    • Preventing injury- education, enviromental controls,
    • behavior modification
  7. intentional injury (violence, suicide, rape)
    • Intentional injuries- child abuse/elder abuse, domestic violence, homicide
    • and suicide.
    • Violence
    • intentional violence-  college students are victims
    • of assaults, robberies, rapes and murders, but at a lower rate than nonstudents
    • of comparable age. ¼ of campus
    • injuries

    • Suicide-
    • is an example of intentional violence that occurs among college students.
    • -7% college women
    • and 6% college men have considered suicide, and 1% have attempted

    • Rape- 2% of college women and 1% of college men have
    • been raped within the past school year, and nearly 2xs as many students report
    • of being the target of an attempted rape.
  8. kubler ross stages of death and dying
    • Denial
    • Anger
    • Bargaining
    • depression
    • Acceptance
  9. trajectory description of dying
    • LingeringExpected quick trajectorydanger period trajectoryunexpected quick trajectoryGrief and reactions of
    • survivors
  10. clinical thanatology
    • counseling
    • focused on helping dying patients.

                -close relationship

                -emphasis on coping

              -less confrontation, more following pt’s lead
  11. death of children
    • Strains family: Chronic illness can alter siblings entire life. 
    • ------------1-5: see death as sleep,
    • not something final
    • -------------5-9: see death as final
    • about avoidable through luck
    • -------------9-10: see death as final
    • and inevitable
  12. suicude
    Paricularly hard to deal with-seems preventable
  13. beauty: social norms (fades)
    • Tanning:  Melanoma,
    • and putting chemicals on your skin (sunless tanning) what are the adverse
    • effects?
    • Body Piercing: Mutilations, infections
    • Tattoos:  painful and
    • expensive to get removed, what is in the ink they use? Is it safe?

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