aminoacids.txt

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Author:
honeybear
ID:
273724
Filename:
aminoacids.txt
Updated:
2014-05-08 02:03:15
Tags:
amicoacids
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Description:
AA flashcards
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  1. Glycine
    • make-up of collagen
    • (helps) DNA & RNA construction
    • treatment-->  CFS

    Nonessential
  2. Alanine
    metabolism of glucose

    Nonessential
  3. Sickle cell disease
    • Valine
    • Replaced polar glutamate with nonpolar valine
  4. Branched chain amino acids
    • Valine, Leucine, & Isolucine
    • helps muscle energy
    • vailne causes sickle cell disease

    Essential
  5. Methionine
    • Precursor for SAMe
    • helps with depression
    • used in arthritis patients


    Essential
  6. Proline
    • 2nd amino group
    • found in collagen
    • interrupts alpha helix in globular proteins


    Nonessential
  7. Phenylalanine
    • delay in development
    • converts to tryosine
    • lack of phenylalanine hydroxylase
    •    causes Phenyldetonuria (PKU)
    •         genetic

    Essential
  8. Tryptophan
    • LARGEST molecule
    • precursor for serotonin

    Essential
  9. Serine
    attachment site for phosphate groups & oligosaccharide chains in glycoproteins


    Nonessential
  10. Threonine
    attachment site for phosphate groups & oligosaccharide chains in glycoproteins

    • Essential
  11. Asparagine
    • found in children and pregnant woman
    •      (muscle/tissue development)

    Nonessential
  12. Glutamine
    • assist in protein synthesis
    • feeds enterocytes in the gut

    Nonessential
  13. Tyrosine
    • neurotransmitter
    • assists w/ thyroid hormones
    • precursor for
    •    epinephrine
    •    norepinephrine
    •    dopamine

    Nonessential
  14. Cysteine
    • N-acetylcysteine-->"Mucomyst"
    • disulfide bond
    • Albumin stabilized by disulfide bond

    Nonessential
  15. disulfide bond
    active site for many enzymes
  16. Albumin
    blood plasma protien
  17. Aspartic Acid
    when proton donated becomes aspartate

    • Nonessential
  18. Glutamic Acids
    when proton is donated becomes glutamate

    • Nonessential
  19. Histidine
    Precursor for neurotransmitter histamine


    Essential
  20. Lysine
    • precursor for carnitine
    • transport of long-chain-fatty-acids to mitochondria for energy

    • Essential
  21. Arginine
    • precursor for creatine
    •   pulls water into the muscle

    Essential

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