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- American upbringing
- first Jap to navigate open seas using American techniques
- told Jap about American technological advancements
wrote the book Moby Dick, based on his own experience on the whaling ship Acushnet
- 1906 wrote book of tea
- paved the way for a common Westerner’s understanding of the “mystical” Far East
- long essay linking the role of tea (teaism) to the aesthetic and cultural aspects of Japanese life.
- discusses such topics as Zen andTaoism, but also the secular aspects of tea and Japanese life.
- book emphasizes how Teaism taught the Japanese many things; most importantly, simplicity. Kakuzō argues that this tea-induced simplicity affected art and architecture, and he was a long-time student of the visual arts
- wrote books on Jap culture and religion while spending 10 years in the east, then turns attention to Mars
- found the irrigation ditches of Jap rice fields
- model for interpretation of canals of mars
who marries a samurai’s daughter and becomes Japan’s preeminent spokesman in the West, stays in Jap falls in love
introduces Roosevelt to jujitsu
Mabel Loomis Todd
- first woman to climb Mt. Fuji
- interest in Ainu culture and religion
- painter, from painting Jap things to using Jap painting materials
- La Farge found Jap motifs and objects an echo for the emotions of the civil war
- He opened secrets of Jap art to an American
- painted ascension of our lord from inspiration from Mt. Fuji (hint of buddhist touch-waterfall-below Christ's feet)
what does the arrival of Perry's ships represent?
- end of innocence
- Jap detested foreigners, will never reverend West like they do for China (putting up pretense for foreigners to learn their stuff, remain herself --do not dress like the American)
- like jujutsu (yielding rather than caving in)
how did Burma become wealthy before British conquest?
- trade routes between India and China passing straight through country (Buddhism=Indian influences)
- self-sufficient agriculture
first anglo-Burmese war
- Konbaung Dynasty decided to expand into Arakan in the state of Assam, close to the British possessions in India.
what caused the second and third Burmese wars?
1852, 1885 (third) The British government justified their actions by claiming that the last independent king of Myanmar, Thibaw, was a tyrant and that he was conspiring to give France more influence in the country, but they wanted oil, teak and rubies
how did British win anglo-burmese wars?
Indian port of Kidderpore, the first steamship ever to be deployed in wartime. When the giant war boats attacked her, she simply steamed away from them until their rowers were ex- hausted.Then she could steam up to them one by one and sink them with her small cannons, drowning their crews of warriors and rowers.
- king of Burma (1853-1878)
- spent most of his reign trying to defend upper portion of country from British encroachments after losing lower half in 2nd Anglo-Burmese war
- army was strengthened and reorganized, factories were set up to replace antiquated muskets
- government reforms: receive salary
- had illusion that equal friendship with Britain was possible
what was the most important place to Burma?
- for cotton silk, tea and silver trade
- used to finance reforms (mindon's)
chief minister during Mindon's time, attempted to westernize Burmese kingdom into more democratic system, blamed to have allowed British to win 3rd anglo-burmese war
- thibaw's wife
- killed those who challenged her
last king of the konbaung dynasty after the end of the third burmese war 1885
after the third anglo-burmese war
- indians in burma
- racism by Burmese
- modernization of Burma with restuarants, flight, hotels
- change of dress
- left out of reform and English politics
problems that aroused in Burma
- Christian Karens (supported British), ethnic riots
- University students realize that British Burma gave them few doors to succeed
- Aung San was a Burmese revolutionary, nationalist, founder of the modern Burmese army (men were happy to/clung to vision of perfect burma) and considered to be the Father of modern-day Burma.
- He was responsible for bringing Burma's independence from British colonial rule in Burma, but was assassinated six months before independence.
- He is recognized as the leading architect of independence
- lead Burma into isolation
- British rule has made the Burmese weak and lazy and ill disciplined and after independence and kicking the Indians out, Burmese have to figure out how to keep economy running