Religions

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lightedcaboose
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273811
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Religions
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2014-05-08 21:39:10
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  1. Hinduism
    —Brahman

    • ◦Infinite Spirit, True Reality, Ultimate,
    • Existent

    —Atman



    ◦Self, True Self, Immortal Soul, Spirit

    —Krishna

    • ◦Avatar of Vishnu, maintains order,
    • associated with cows

    —Yoga

    • ◦Discipline; Physical, mental, and
    • spiritual practices that help a person understand reality

    —Dharma

    • ◦Duty, sacred duty, law, order; determined
    • by class, age, family relationships; maintains universal harmony

    —Bhakti

    • ◦Devotion; disciplined action without
    • attachment
    • —Attachment and Fruits of Action

    ◦Conflicts with dharma; craving

    —Senses/Sensuous Objects

    • ◦Must be controlled by the mind and
    • intellect

    —Karma

    • ◦Action, system of actions and
    • consequences

    —Samsara

    ◦Cycle of birth-death-rebirth

    —Nirvana

    • ◦Escape from Samsara; rejoining of atman
    • with Brahman

    —
  2. Buddism
    —Suffering

    • ◦Three
    • Types: Pain, Change and Knowledge of Change

    —Craving

    • ◦Desire,
    • wanting anything; Caused by ignorance

    —Samsara

    • ◦Cycle
    • of re-death; Inherently unpleasant

    —Nirvana

    • ◦Extinguishing;
    • Blowing out; Not a state of being or a place

    —Karma

    • ◦System
    • of actions and consequences

    —Compassion

    • ◦Necessary
    • because everything is interconnected
    • through cause and effect; nothing exists independently
    • —No-Self

    • ◦No
    • permanent, independent self or soul; Illusion created by arrangement of five
    • parts (aggregates)

    —Mindfulness

    • ◦Awareness,
    • control over the mind and senses

    • —Skillful
    • Means

    • ◦Teaching
    • what is most important and appropriate at that moment

  3. Confusism
    —Ritual

    • ◦Rites and practices on specific
    • occasions; daily etiquette; cultivating personality

    —Goodness

    • ◦Sincerity and intention – cognitive and
    • behavioral; mold yourself; development of a type of character/disposition
    • through practicing overtime

    —Filial Piety

    • ◦Starting point for peaceful society –
    • trickle up and down; internal and external component

    —Teaching and Learning

    • ◦Practice and observation, not
    • theoretical; No formula

    • ◦Importance
    • of Interpersonal Relationship
  4. Daoism
    —Dao

    • ◦Cosmic principle, transcendent source of
    • and pattern for everything in the cosmos, the way things are or should be

    —Wuwei

    • ◦Spontaneous action,
    • acting with the Dao, free and easy wandering, matching heavenly with heavenly

    —Distinctions

    • ◦No eternal categories like “beautiful”
    • vs. “ugly,” false fixities, value the de-valued, useful and useless, words are
    • limited

    —Perspective

    • ◦Aiming for big-picture, more than just
    • “us,” recognizing other perceptions, flexibility, avoid attachment

    —Forgetting

    • ◦Forget rigid distinctions and differences
    • of perspective, forget yourself so you can follow the Dao
  5. Shintoism
    —Wa

    • ◦Harmony;
    • achieve balance between each other and the spirits

    —Kami

    • ◦Spirits;
    • ancestors and gods

    • —Mono
    • No Aware

    • ◦Appreciation
    • of change


    —State

    • ◦Supports
    • and supported by Shintoism, Emperor (and therefore Japanese) descendants of
    • divine

    —Syncretism

    • ◦Incorporates
    • aspects of other religions Confucianism (social harmony, relationships),
    • Buddhism (afterlife), Daoism (change as natural), and Christianity (marriage)

    —Myths

    • ◦Guidance
    • for ethics, social behavior, ritual; build identity; cosmology; establish
    • tradition

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