chapter 11

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
273827
Filename:
chapter 11
Updated:
2014-05-09 00:17:15
Tags:
physicalfitness techniques
Folders:

Description:
metro state
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Anatomy & Function Of The Spine
    • 33 Vert
    • -Cervical
    • -Thoracic 
    • -Lumbar
    • Sacrum & Coccyx
    • Load Bearing
    • Permits movements
    • Protects Spinalcord
  2. Anatomy And Function Of The Core Musculature
    • 3-dementional cylinder ecompasing bodys center of gravity
    • -Muscles maintain spine in a neutral postural zone
  3. Mobilizers
    • Core musculature
    • -more superficial
    • -Produce movement
  4. Stablizers
    • core musculature
    • -deeper
    • -local
    •      -stiffness and stabilty to spine 
    •      -Deeper
    • -Global
    •     -Produce trunk motion
  5. Causes & Consequenses of back & Neck pain
    • -Lifestyle choices or life experiences
    • -Nervous system and pain-sensitive structures contribute
    • -poor posture
    • -bad body mechanics & improper lifting
  6. Microtrauma
    • -Silent Injury
    • -damage over time
    • -repetitive motion
  7. Potential Causes of back or neck pain
    • -Muscle tension
    • -Arthritis
    • -Bone Spurs
    • -Degenerated Disk (Squished Down)
    • -Herniated disk
  8. Benefits of good posture
    • Aesthetic Benefits
    • -Important for non-verbal communitatipn
    • Allows body segments to be balanced
    • -shock absorbtion
  9. What is good posture?
    • Minimal stress on vertebral joints
    • body segments balanced around center of gravity
  10. Causes of Poor Posture
    • -body alignment problems
    • -hereditary
    • -congenital and disease conditions
    • enviormental conditions
    • -poor fitness
    • -lack of knowladge
    • -bad habits
  11. Elements of good standing posture
    • -Head centered
    • -Chest high
    • -shoulders down and back
    • -abs flat
    • -knees straight and relaxed
  12. Ergonomics
    -dicapline that uses biomechanical principles to develop tools and workplace settings that put the least amount of stress on the body
  13. Safe Exercises
    Performed with normal body posture, mechanics, and movement in mind
  14. Contraindicated
    Extremes of hyperflexion & hyperextension
  15. Questionable exersizes
    • may violate normal body mechanics
    • joints ligaments at risk for injury
  16. Non-Modifile risk factiors
    • Family history
    • Age
  17. Modifiable risk factors
    • postural:poor postural habits
    • physical:poor fitness
    • Behavioral:Lifestyle
  18. Back Care tips postural
    • -Keep lower back flat when standin
    • -avoid slouching while sitting
    • -lying with knees and hips bent
    • -Firm matress
  19. Back care tips physical
    • -strengthen abdomen muscles
    • -strengthen hip extensors
    • -stretch hip flexors
    • -stretch hamstrings
  20. Back Care tips behavioral
    • -Avoid crazy workouts
    • _avoid jerky back movements
    • -Avoid improper lifting and carrying

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview