exam 3 health 51b

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jessi126
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273830
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exam 3 health 51b
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2014-05-12 15:11:23
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health
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test 3
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  1. Gastric juice contains hydrochloric acid used to digest protein, True or False?
    true
  2. Which are the functions of the liver?
    • detoxifies wastes 
    • stores nutrients
    • purify blood
  3. What is another name for a gallstone?
    biliary calculus
  4. What is the most common cause for esophageal varices?
    cirrihosis in the liver
  5. High levels of amylase in the blood confirm a diagnosis of __________?
    hyperamylasemia
  6. A syndrome involving infection and inflammation of the colon with
    intense pain and bloody stools is called __________?
    dysentery
  7. What symptoms are associated with cirrhosis of the liver?
    jaundice easy bruising abdominal plain
  8. Absorption of digested foods is a major function of which part of the GI tract?
    villi of the small intestine
  9. What is atrophic gastritis?
    damaged cells of the stomach
  10. What are the causes of gastritis?
    irritants such as asprin,excessive coffe, tabacco,alcohol or an infection
  11. If melena is found in the stool, a disease of the digestive system is mostly likely located in the __________?
    stomach
  12. Is a change in diet is helpful in the treatment of volvulus or gastritis?
    gastritis
  13. An acute inflammation of the colon that is caused by bacteria, parasitic worms, or other microorganisms is known as constipation or dysentery?
    dysentery
  14. Digestion begins in the __________?
    mouth
  15. Are antibiotics effective in the treatment of
    dysentery?
    yes
  16. Formation of little pouches or sacs on the intestine, in which the mucosa pushes through the muscle layer, produces what disorder?
    diverticulitis
  17. Does a diagnosis of gastritis require a gastroscopy?
    true/yes
  18. Pain resembling that of appendicitis may indicate __________?
    appendicitis
  19. Helicobacter pylori is a common cause of __________?
    gastric ulcers
  20. Which of the following has no lesion, no tumor, and no ulceration; Spastic colon or ulcerative colitis?
    spastic colon
  21. A liver with bumpy nodular scars is associated with __________?
    cirhosis
  22. The function of Kupffer cells is __________?
    to engulf and digest bacteria and other foreign substance, thus cleansing the blood
  23. Visualization of the anatomy of the soft tissues of the liver through high-frequency sound waves is the diagnostic test known as the __________?
    ultrasound
  24. What is ascites?
    fluid that develops as the result of liver failure and accomulates in the peritoneal cavity
  25. Salmonella is one of the most common causes of __________?
    food poisoning
  26. What is the etiology of hepatitis __________?
    • viral
  27. What is paralytic intestinal obstruction?
    partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing through
  28. Is a change in bowel habits, including either diarrhea or constipation, a sign of food poisoning, carcinoma, polyposis or obstruction?
    obstruction
  29. Which does not involve the intestines: gastritis, Crohn’s disease, chronic ulcerative colitis or carcinoma of the colon?
    gastritis
  30. What are the true signs and symptoms of appendicitis?
    • pain around the belly button 
    • reduced appetite 
    • nausea vomitting 
    • abdominal cavity becomes inflamed and infection
  31. Digestion of protein begins in which part of the GI tract?
    • stomach
  32. Which enzymes are secreted by the pancreas?
    nucleic acid digesting enzymes
  33. What are hemorrhoids?
    varicose vein of the rectume or anus
  34. What are the characteristics and functions of the liver?
    • helps digest food store energy and remove poisons
    • largest glandular organ
  35. A needle biopsy is necessary for a definitive diagnosis of hepatocarcinoma, True or False?
    true
  36. Which of the following is the most common cause of cancer in the liver?
    metastasia from cancer elsewhere
  37. Are increased cholesterol levels are a major factor in cholelithiasis?
    true
  38. What protein metabolite is deemed the most specific for kidney functioning?
    creatinine
  39. Does urine left standing and bacterially contaminated tend to become acidic or alkaline?
    akaline
  40. What are the causes of urinary incontinence?
    prior surgery, stress, aging
  41. What are the primary signs for glomerulonephritis?
    proteruia- foamy urine and edema fatige
  42. Are symptoms for early-stage nephropathy rare or numerous?
    rare
  43. Are cysteine kidney stones are common or uncommon?
    common 
  44. Polycystic kidney in children is caused by __________?
    autosomal recessive gene
  45. Neurogenic bladder tends to result from __________?
    urinary incontinence due to a lack of nervous system control
  46. What is pyuria?
    pus in the urine
  47. What does the medical term lithotripsy?
    a procedure using sonic vibrations to crush kidney stones;the patient is not immersed in water for procedure
  48. Uremia may cause a breath odor like __________.
    ammonia
  49. Hypoalbuminemia causes __________.
    peripheral edema and ascites
  50. Enuresis is __________?
    bed wetting, involentary release of urine
  51. Pelvic exercises for reducing urinary incontinence are called__________?
    kegel
  52. Preventing continual formation of kidney stones may involve removal or
    destruction of the __________?
    parathyroid
  53. How many patients currently are on long-term dialysis treatment in the United States?
    350,000
  54. What is lupus nephritis?
    glomerulonephritis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus
  55. Specific gravity for urine is compared to specific gravity of
    __________?
    water
  56. Diabetes insipidus is caused by __________?
    due to a lack of adh caused by kidney failure
  57. Chemotherapy for bladder cancer is usually used in which stage?
    all stages
  58. Kidney stones tend to get trapped in which part of the urinary tract?
    ureter
  59. Are E. coli, streptococcus, and staphylococcus are all considered natural flora and
    pyogenic?
    all of them
  60. What is a Wilms' tumor?
    malignant tumer seen in children adenosarcoma
  61. Alkalosis results when pH is <7.4 or >7.4?
    >7.4
  62. What are the symptoms of pyelonephritis?
    chills and sudden back pains
  63. The man considered the "father of dialysis" is __________?
    William j kolff
  64. The cause of fibroademona is __________?
    unknown 
  65. What is the medical term for glans penis?
    balanitis
  66. =Orchitis is an inflammation of the __________?
    testis
  67. What are the contents of semen?
    spermatozoa
  68. What is Menorrhagia?
    abnormal heavy menstruation
  69. What is the function and location of the corpus luteum?
    • function -to secrete progesterone until the middle of the first trimester
    • -location-ruptured ovarian follicle
  70. Is the most common tumor among females uterine fibroids?
    ovarian cysts/ uterine fibroids
  71. The uterus dropping or protruding into the vagina is called __________?
    prolapsed uterus
  72. What hormone stimulates the endometrium to enter the proliferative phase?
    estrogen
  73. Is prostate cancer the most common cancer in men except for skin cancer?
    lung cancer
  74. What is salpingitis?
    infflamation of the fallopian tubes
  75. What is trichomoniasis?
    infection of the vagina
  76. Chlamydia trachomatis causes which STD?
    chlamydia infection
  77. The most common cancer in women except for skin cancer is __________?
    breast cancer
  78. What is the most frequently reported STI in the United States?
    chlamydia and gonorrhea
  79. What is the site of pregnancy?
    fallopian tubes
  80. What is the downward displacement of the urinary bladder into the vagina?
    cystocele
  81. Failure of the testes to descend from the abdominal cavity is called__________?
    cryptorchidism
  82. Glucose is stored in the cells in the form of __________?
    glycogen
  83. The adrenal cortex is stimulated by what anterior pituitary hormone?
    adrenorcorticotropin Acth
  84. Administration of vasopressin orally or through a nasal spray is used for the treatment of __________?
    central diabetes
  85. A condition of excess growth hormone after the growth plate has fused (after puberty) is called __________?
    acromegaly
  86. Death rates due to heart disease are (2-4, 1-3, 7-8, 4-6) times higher for adults with diabetes compared to persons without diabetes.
    2-4
  87. What is the effect of glucagon; does it increase or decrease the blood sugar level?
    increase blood sugar
  88. A benign tumor of the pituitary gland results in excessive linear growth prior to closure of the growth plate (before puberty) is called __________?
    gigantism
  89. What is hyperparathyroidism?
    to much perathyroid disorder hormone in the morning
  90. Prominent facial features in what condition include a bulbous nose, a protruding jaw, and a slanted forehead?
    acromegaly
  91. Which bone cells cause calcium resorption from the bone, osteoblast or osteoclast?
    osteoclast
  92. Which endocrine gland regulates metabolic rate or cellular oxygen consumption?
    thyroid
  93. An elevated level of TSH may be an indication that __________ levels may be low iodine or thyroxine?
    tyroxine
  94. What hormone stimulates contraction of the uterus?
    oxytocin
  95. Hormone secretion of the adrenal cortex is regulated by the anterior or posterior pituitary?
    anterior pituitary gland
  96. Death from acute adrenal insufficiency results from
    __________?
    shock and cardiovascular collapse

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