Opioid (narcotic) Analgesics, opioid antagonists and nonopioid centrally acting analgesics

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Author:
kimiko
ID:
273834
Filename:
Opioid (narcotic) Analgesics, opioid antagonists and nonopioid centrally acting analgesics
Updated:
2014-05-09 01:37:25
Tags:
opioid
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Description:
narcotics
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  1. what are Analgesics
    drugs that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
  2. what are opioids?
    • are the most effective pain relievers available
    • - a general term defined as any drug, natural or synthetic that has actions similar to those of morphine
  3. what is opiate?
    applies only to compounds present in opium
  4. what are the three families of peptides
    • Enkephalins
    • Endorphins
    • Dynorphins
  5. types of opioid receptors
    • mu receptors
    • kappa recceptors
    • Delta receptors
  6. which receptors are pure opioid agonists?
    mu and kappa
  7. how does mu receptors react to buprenorphine?
    mu-> partial agonist
  8. how does kappa receptors react to buprenorphine?
    Antagonist
  9. how does mu receptors react to pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol?
    antagonists
  10. how does kappa receptors react to pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol?
    agonists
  11. which receptors are Pure opioid antagonists?
    mu and kappa
  12. what are the 3 types of opioids?
    • strong opioid agonists
    • moderated to strong opioid agonists
    • agonist-antagonist opioids
  13. what is the source of morphine?
    seedpod of the poppy plant

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