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2014-05-09 02:41:47

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  1. kang youwei
    • 100 days reform
    • constitutional monarchy
  2. 1885 Bandung Conference
    • -promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nations
    • -non-aligned movement
  3. indian national congress
    • 1885
    • create platform for civic and dialogue of educated Indians with British Raj
    • gathered to formulate petition that it present to government as unitary voice
  4. what do hindus belief about Muslims and Christians?
    their holy land is further off; they are not children of this soil, their names and love are divided.
  5. Gandhi
    • 1869-1948
    • transformed the Congress from an elite talking shop into a mass movement.
  6. Nehru
    • (1889-1964) first Indian prime Minister
    • Congress President in 1929, Nehru called for complete independence from the British¬†
    • Nehru took a leading role in Non-Alignment¬†
    • oversaw India's transition from a monarchy to a republic, while nurturing a plural, multi-party democracy
  7. three major movements of Gandhi
    • noncooperation (1920-1922)
    • salt march (1930)
    • quit india (1942)
  8. non cooperation movement
    protest through nonviolent means (boycott goods, adopt local handicrafts)
  9. why did non cooperation come about? satyagraha
    • colonial oppression
    • chuck of wealth delivered to Britain
    • British products replace local Indian products
    • Indian soldiers dying in British wars
    • supported by Indian National Congress
    • ineffective propanganda with nonviolent protesters and British beating them
  10. Salt March
    • 1930 resistance against British tax
    • salt as symbolism illegitimate government would deprive people of basic necessities.
  11. quit india
    • Gandhi called "an orderly British withdrawal" from India. The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war ended.
    • failed b/c many people benefited from heavy wartime spending; however it made Britain realize India was ungovernable
  12. Mountbatten Plan
    • 1947 august 15
    • division of British India into two dominions including Punjab and Bengal
    • cessation of princely states
    • est. of border commission in event of partition
    • declared date of independence
  13. Radcliff LIne
    Pakistan came into being with two non-contiguous enclaves, East Pakistan (today Bangladesh) and West Pakistan, separated geographically by India. India was formed out of the majority Hindu
  14. Jinnah
    • 1876-1948 founder of Pakistan
    • leader of all indian muslim league from 1913 to 1947
    • at first advocated Hindu Muslim unity
    • resigned from INC when it supported Gandhi, believed Indian muslims should have own state (1940)
    • aided migrants, forming refugee camps
  15. east pakistan independece
  16. non-aligned bloc
    India's Nehru and Indonesia's Sukarno were cofounders of the bloc
  17. charter 77
    human right in czech
  18. burma
  19. kabul
  20. Iran
  21. Pakistan
  22. bangladesh