aitw

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Author:
xijunzhu
ID:
273836
Filename:
aitw
Updated:
2014-05-09 02:41:47
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asia
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asia
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  1. kang youwei
    • 100 days reform
    • constitutional monarchy
  2. 1885 Bandung Conference
    • -promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nations
    • -non-aligned movement
  3. indian national congress
    • 1885
    • create platform for civic and dialogue of educated Indians with British Raj
    • gathered to formulate petition that it present to government as unitary voice
  4. what do hindus belief about Muslims and Christians?
    their holy land is further off; they are not children of this soil, their names and love are divided.
  5. Gandhi
    • 1869-1948
    • transformed the Congress from an elite talking shop into a mass movement.
  6. Nehru
    • (1889-1964) first Indian prime Minister
    • Congress President in 1929, Nehru called for complete independence from the British¬†
    • Nehru took a leading role in Non-Alignment¬†
    • oversaw India's transition from a monarchy to a republic, while nurturing a plural, multi-party democracy
  7. three major movements of Gandhi
    • noncooperation (1920-1922)
    • salt march (1930)
    • quit india (1942)
  8. non cooperation movement
    protest through nonviolent means (boycott goods, adopt local handicrafts)
  9. why did non cooperation come about? satyagraha
    • colonial oppression
    • chuck of wealth delivered to Britain
    • British products replace local Indian products
    • Indian soldiers dying in British wars
    • supported by Indian National Congress
    • ineffective propanganda with nonviolent protesters and British beating them
  10. Salt March
    • 1930 resistance against British tax
    • salt as symbolism illegitimate government would deprive people of basic necessities.
  11. quit india
    • Gandhi called "an orderly British withdrawal" from India. The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war ended.
    • failed b/c many people benefited from heavy wartime spending; however it made Britain realize India was ungovernable
  12. Mountbatten Plan
    • 1947 august 15
    • division of British India into two dominions including Punjab and Bengal
    • cessation of princely states
    • est. of border commission in event of partition
    • declared date of independence
  13. Radcliff LIne
    Pakistan came into being with two non-contiguous enclaves, East Pakistan (today Bangladesh) and West Pakistan, separated geographically by India. India was formed out of the majority Hindu
  14. Jinnah
    • 1876-1948 founder of Pakistan
    • leader of all indian muslim league from 1913 to 1947
    • at first advocated Hindu Muslim unity
    • resigned from INC when it supported Gandhi, believed Indian muslims should have own state (1940)
    • aided migrants, forming refugee camps
  15. east pakistan independece
    1971
  16. non-aligned bloc
    India's Nehru and Indonesia's Sukarno were cofounders of the bloc
  17. charter 77
    human right in czech
  18. burma
    rangoon
  19. kabul
    afghanistan
  20. Iran
    Tehran
  21. Pakistan
    Islamabad
  22. bangladesh
    dhaka

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