Chapter 20 Vocabulary

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Author:
texasgrl1978
ID:
273859
Filename:
Chapter 20 Vocabulary
Updated:
2014-05-09 11:24:13
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Male Female Reproductive System
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Description:
Male and Female Reproductive System
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  1. Prevention of an ovum’s fertilization or implantation of a fertilized ovum; birth control.
    contraception
  2. Yellow body formed from ovarian follicle after ovulation; produces progesterone.
    corpus luteum
  3. Lining of the uterus.
    endometrium
  4. Group of female sex hormones that promotes development of the uterine lining and maintains secondary sex characteristics.
    estrogen
  5. Sac or cavity
    • follicle
    • i.e ovarian follicle or hair follicle
  6. Hormone produced by the anterior pituitarythat stimulate development of ova in the ovary and spermatozoa in the testes
    follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  7. Reproductive cell; ovum or spermatozoon.
    gamete
  8. The inability to become pregnant, or to carry a pregnancyto term.
    infertility
  9. Hormone produced by the anterior pituitary that induces ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum in females; in males, it stimulates cells in the testes to produce testosterone.
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  10. Time during which menstruation ceases.
    menopause
  11. Monthly flow of blood from the female reproductive tract.
    menses
  12. The period of menstrual flow.
    menstration
  13. Female reproductive gland.
    ovary
  14. Release of a mature ovum from an ovarian follicle.
    ovulation
  15. Female reproductive cell or gamete
    • ovum
    • pl. ova
  16. Hormone produced by the corpus luteum and placenta; maintains theuterine lining for pregnancy.
    progesterone
  17. Mixture of spermĀ  cells and secretionsfrom several glands of the male reproductive tract.
    semen
  18. Male reproductive cell or gamete; sperm cell.
    • spermatozoon
    • pl. spermatozoa
  19. Male reproductive gland
    testis (testes)
  20. Male sex hormone produced in the testes; promotes sperm cell developmentand maintains secondary sex characteristics.
    testosterone
  21. Muscular, pear-shaped organ in the female pelvis within which the fetusdevelops during pregnancy;
    uterus

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