CHAPTER 11 DISORDERS AND DISEASES

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SkinCareSpecialist
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273888
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CHAPTER 11 DISORDERS AND DISEASES
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2014-05-09 19:16:25
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CHAPTER 11 DISORDERS DISEASES
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CHAPTER 11 DISORDERS AND DISEASES
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  1. are structural changes in the tissues caused by damage or injury
    lesions
  2. what are the three types of lesions
    primary, secondary, and tetriary
  3. the early stages of development or change.  they are characterized by flat, nonpalpable changes in skin color or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity, such as a vesicle or pustules
    primary lesions
  4. are large blister containing watery fluid.  it is similar to a vesicle but larger
    bulla
  5. closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin
    cyst
  6. a flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or a red spot, left after a pimple has healed... neither raised nor sunken
    macule
  7. tumors, but they are smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections
    nodules
  8. small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid... may have a varied appearance in color and are either rounded, smooth, or rough
    papule
  9. inflamed papule containing pus
    pustule
  10. abnormal rounded, solid lump; larger than a papule
    tubercle
  11. a large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell muliplication, varying in size, shape and color
    tumor
  12. ____ ____ of the skin develop in the later stges of disease and change the structure of tissues and organs
    secondary lesions
  13. a skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
    excoriation
  14. a disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration
    acne excoriee
  15. a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen)... they make occur following an injury or surgery
    keloid
  16. a chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones and blemishes
    acne
  17. dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency
    asteatosis
  18. also known as boil... a subcutaneous abscess filled with pus and caused by bacteria in glands or hair follicles
    furuncle
  19. small, firm white papules
    milia
  20. groups of boils
    carbuncles
  21. doughnut-shaped with an indentation in the center
    sebaceous hyperplasia
  22. severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands
    seborrhea
  23. characterized by inflamation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itching
    seborrheic dermatitis
  24. subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum
    steatoma
  25. excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medications, or medical conditions
    hyperhidrosis
  26. also known as prickly heat... acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands; results in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure
    miliaria rubra
  27. an acne like condition around the mouth... consists mainly of small clusters of papules
    perioral dermatitis
  28. also known as liver spots... increased pigmentation; from sun exposre or pigmentation from other causes... generally on forehead, nose, and cheeks
    chloasma
  29. pink or flesh-colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough that are a result of sun damage
    actinic keratoses
  30. thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinocytes
    hyperkeratosis
  31. inflammation of the mucous membrane due to chemical, bacterial, or viral causes; very contagious
    conjunctivitis (aka: pinkeye)
  32. a painful skin condition from the reactivation on the chickenpox virus; it's a viral infection of the sensory nerves characterized by groups of red blisters that form a rash that occurs in a ring or line... typically confined to one side of the body
    herpes zoster (aka: shingles)
  33. fungal infections
    tinea
  34. highly contagious; it forms a ringed red pattern with elevated edges
    tinea corporis (aka: ringworm)
  35. fungal condition that inhibits melanin production, characterized by white, brown or salmon-colored flaky patches from the yeast on the skin
    tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor)
  36. more than ___ of all skin cancers are caused by sun exposure
    90%
  37. is the most common; typical characteristics inclued open sores, reddish patches, or a smooth growth with an elevated border.  it often appears as shiny bumps that are either colored or as light, pearly nodules
    basal cell carcinoma
  38. characterized by red or pink scaly papules or nodules; sometimes they are characterized by open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and may bleed easily... can grow and spread to other areas of the body
    squamous cell carcinoma
  39. the most serious; black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged, or raised
    malignant melanoma
  40. ABCDE's of melanoma detection (cancer checklist)
    A-asymmetry  B-border  C-uneven color  D-diameter  E-evoliving
  41. chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands that is characterized by comedones and blemishes
    acne
  42. causes of acne
    genetics/heredity, clogged follicles, bacteria, triggers
  43. acne tiggers
    hormones, stress, cosmetics and products, foods, and other irritants
  44. short term sun related problems
    hyperpigmentation, chloasma, tinea veriscolor, and wrinkles
  45. long term damage to the skin that is caused by UV rays
    dermatoheliosis
  46. sun related skin growths
    actinic keratosis, sebaceous hyperplasias, seborrheic keratoses, and lentigenes (aka: solar freckles or liver spots)
  47. environmental factors that influence acne
    heat and humidity, sun exposure, and greasy workplaces
  48. acne related conditions
    seborrheic dermatitis and perioral dermatitis
  49. wound healing for superficial injuries
    reepithelialization and epithelial cells migrate
  50. wound healing for deeper wounds (epidermis and dermis)
    • stage 1 - inflammatory
    • stage 2 - proliferative
    • stage 3 - maturation (aka: remodeling phase)
  51. refer a client to a physician if the client has the following conditions present
    undiagnosed rashes, changing or enlarging blemishes, expectations beyond your scope of practice, or unrecognizable changes

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