BIO 100 - Exam 4

Card Set Information

Author:
tt23
ID:
273893
Filename:
BIO 100 - Exam 4
Updated:
2014-05-09 19:10:31
Tags:
Finals
Folders:

Description:
Definitions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user tt23 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Following their production in the seminiferous tubules, immature sperm cells are transferred to the ________.
    epididymus
  2. Sperm and egg cells contain half of the ________ number of chromosomes found in body cells.
    haploid
  3. The muscular layer of the uterus that provides the force necessary to expel the baby during birth is the ________.
    myometrium
  4. The regular pattern by which oocytes grow, mature, and are released from the ovary is known as the ________.
    ovarian cycle
  5. As a primary oocyte develops within a follicle of the ovary it is nourished by ________ cells.
    granulosa
  6. In humans, fertilization occurs in the ________.
    oviduct
  7. The cell formed by the union of egg and sperm during fertilization is the ________.
    zygote
  8. The process of a cell going from an unspecialized function to a specialized function is called ________.
    differentation
  9. As mitosis continues, the 32 cell ________ develops into the blastocyst.
    morula
  10. The ________ becomes the blood vessels in the umbilical cord.
    allantois
  11. During labor, full dilation of the cervix signifies the end of the _______ stage.
    dilation
  12. The important organ systems, that cause death if they fail, are the brain, the cardiovascular system, and the ________ system.
    respiratory
  13. Initiation of translation begins with tRNA binding to a ________ on mRNA.
    start codon
  14. Following replication of chromosomes, sister chromatids are held together by a  _________.
    centromere
  15. Short segments of DNA that contain codes for the structure of one or more proteins are ________.
    genes
  16. The beginning of each gene in DNA is marked by the presence of a unique base sequence called the _______.
    promoter
  17. Anticondons are located on ________.
    tRNA
  18. Meiosis in females is not complete until ________ occurs.
    fertilization
  19. A ________ forms during cytokinesis as contractile filaments int he cell tighten.
    cleavage furrow
  20. Alternative versions of the same gene are ________.
    alleles
  21. In ________, the phenotype of the heterozygous genotype is an intermediate between the phenotype of either homozygous genotype.
    incomplete dominance
  22. A phenotype is determined by _________ and _________.
    genotype, environmental factors
  23. The separation of pairs of alleles during meiosis is called ________.
    segregation
  24. Genes located on the same chromosome are not always inherited together because of the process of ________, which occurs during meiosis; this process "reshuffles" the genes.
    crossing-over
  25. The process by which a piece of a chromosome breaks off and then attaches to another chromosome is _________.
    translocation
  26. In order to synthesize DNA in a laboratory, the enzyme ________ must be used to facilitate the addition of nucleotides on the new strand.
    DNA polymerase
  27. In recombinant DNA techonology, DNA is cut at a specific nucleotide squences by ________ enzymes.
    restriction
  28. Restriction enzymes only cut specific sections of DNA called ________.
    palindromes
  29. The process of producing pharmaceuticals in farm animals is _________.
    gene pharming
  30. Gene therapy requires that genes be delivered to cells and incorporated into the cells DNA; transporters of these genes are known as ________.
    vectors
  31. Programmed cell death is somatic cells is known as ________.
    apoptosis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview