phase 1 exam 2
Card Set Information
phase 1 exam 2
what is the def of comm?
a means or method of conveying info from one person or place to another
what is the purpose of tactical comm?
to serve command
what are the tactical responsibilities related to comm?
must have correct equipment
what are the technical responsibilities related to comm?
proper training plan to educate everyone
what are the four basic requirements for comm to be effective?
flexibility, reliability, speed, security
what are the different means of comm?
what is the most secure type comm?
what is the least secure type of comm?
what type of comm varies in security strength?
what energy does radio comm use?
what frequencies do infantry battalions operate at?
which frequency has a longer wave length?
high or low frequency- what bends around objects better?
what is the near vertical incident sky waves?
directs wave at higher angle towards sky which makes the wave return faster to earth which will help eliminate skip zones
what does HF emit?
2 to 29.999
what does VHF emit?
low band- 30 to 89.999
high band- 90 to 224.999
What does UHF emit?
225 to 511.999
what does SINCGARS stand for?
single channel ground air radio systems.
What are the 5 variables required to frequency hop?
what are the four areas comsec is divided in to?
what are some essential elements of friendly info?
what word is used if someone disclosed eefi's
what is the format of the MIJI report?
time of interference
type of interference
what word is used if they suspect imitative deception?
what is the TA-1?
wired telephone with 4 mile capability
what is the ta-312?
battery powered tele range of 14-22 miles and compatible with ta-1
characteristics of prc 119?
0-400m low power
400-5km med power
5km-10km high power
10 km-40km power amp
mrc 145 characteristics
2 vic mounted
40 km range
prc 117 characteristics
vhf range 0-10 miles
uhf range los
prc 152 characteristics?
vhf range 0-5 miles
uhf range los
what is the cyz 10?
prc 150 characteristics
hf man-pack radio
what is tactical net?
the squad can talk to plt plt can talk to co co can talk to bat
where do we get zulu time?`
what is ground to ground and what is ground to air?
g-g is fm
g-a is am
difference between permeable and non permeable?
Permeable is breathable
four components of a permeable suit?
chemical protective suit
field protective mask
chemical protective gloves
what are the 3 factors you must consider for mopp level?
mission equipment marines
what are the 6 different mopp levels?
mopp ready- within 2 hours and second within 6 hours
mopp 0- within arms reach
mopp 1- protective suit worn
mopp 2- protective suit and boots worn
mopp 3- protective suit, boots, fpm and hood
mopp 4- add gloves
dif between persistent and non persistent chemicals?
persistent- stays longer than 12 hours
non persistent- stays less than 12 hours
difference between persistent and non persistent attacks?
persistent- air bursting ground contaminating (aircraft spray, air bursting munitions)
non persistent- ground bursting, air contaminating (mortars, rockets, arty)
what are non persistent nerve agents?
what are persistent nerve agents?
symbol for tabun
symbol for sarin
Symbol for soman
symbol for potential nerve agent
physiological action of nerve agent on body?
interfer with signals transferred through the CNS
different ways a nerve agent can penetrate your body?
what are the 2 types of nerve agent medicants?
NAAK mark 1- two injectors
CANA- never use for self aid
symbol for hydrogen cyanide?
symbol for cyanogen chloride?
symbol for arsine
what are the non persistent blood agents?
what protective gear is needed for blood agent?
symbol for levinstein mustard
symbol for distilled mustard?
3 categories of blister agents?
mustards, arsencals, urticants
all blood agents are classified as?`
all blister agents are classified as?
what are the physiological action of blister agents?
damage any tissue comes in contact with
damage respiratory system if inhaled
cause vomitting and diarhea
can be lethal but mainly due to skin damage
what agent was the first used in warfare?
what are chocking agents classified as?
lung damaging agent
how are biological agents classified?
what are the different types of biological agents?
what are pathogens?
disease producing micro organisms
can be either transmissible or non transmissible
what are toxins?
produced as by-product of micro organisms
whatare toxins classified as?
neurotoxins- disruot nerve impulses
cytotoxins- destroy cells by disrupting cell respiration and metabolism
what is the M256a1 chem agent detect kit?
detect and classify toxic chem agents present in vapor or liquid form
what is th ABC-M8 chem agent paper?
detects the presence of liquid VG or H.
yellow-presence of G agent
Red- presence of blister agent
green- presence of v agent
what does the M9 chem agent detect?
what is the M291 Decan kit?
complete decan of skin through absorbtion
filled whit charcoal like substance
what are indicators of nuclear att?
mushroom shaped cloud
what are the four different types of alarms?
(visual is always used with sound)
what are the 3 different types of mopp exchange?
triple buddy method
steps for buddy mopp exchange?
prepare for decon
decon mask and hood
remove over garment and boots
put on over garmet
put on boots and gloves
steps for individual gear exchange
prepare for decon
decon maks and hood
remove over garmet and boots
put on over garmet
put on boots and gloves
unmasking with M256A1 detector?
2-3 unmask for 5 min
10 min with mask on
unmask with M9 paper detector
hold breath open eyes break seal 15 sec
reseal wait 10 min
unmask no detect kit?
break seal eyes open with big breaths
wait 10 min
what is the name of the observers report for chem att?
distance away from high tension wires?
distance from field gun, tank
distance from tele wires/barbed wires?
Distance from machine gun?
distance from service rifle?
what are the two holds for the compass?
compass to cheek
what are collecting features?
feature you plan to pass on your way to the point?
what are limit/catching features?
a linear feature that if you pass you have gone too far. 150% of pace count
what is dead reckoning?
following a set az for a certain pace without regards to the terrain
what are the 3 basic techniques for land nav?
what is the situational technique?
align compass with map
how many degrees can you intentionally offset?
man made features
road cond/built up areas
what is the mil grid reference system (MGRS)
how close will 2 digits get you?
how close will 10 digit get you?
Size of large map
1;75,000 or larger
size of med map?
smaller than 1;75,000 bigger than 1;600,000
small map size?
1;600,000 and smaller
small unit leaders will utilize what size map?
what is the graphic scale?
scale used to measure distance
what is perennial?
water more than 6 months
what is non perennial?
contain water less than 6 months
how is a perennial stream represented on map?
less than 25 m wide dark thick blue line
>25 m wide blue tint between dark thick blue lines
intermittant stream on map looks like?
thin blue lines/ broken sometimes
how large does a lake or sand bed need to be to be portrayed?
characteristics of woodland
trees >3 m tall
Characteristics of scattered trees?
trees 3m or bigger cover 25-50%
characteristics of scrub?
vegetation up to 3 m height with 20-50% coverage
air field with grass surface/pavement
dashed black lines/solid black lines
building need to be how big to be portrayed?
25 by 25m
what do mapmakers consider and do they mean?
selection-choosing features to be shown
classification-grouping together, similar features
simplification- reducing detail on map
magnitude- shows relative size
what are the 4 things on the map to consider?
what are 5 things to describe landscape?
what are the 5 types of contour lines?
index- heavy lines with elevation on it
intermediate- light lines in between index
supplementary- added lines that are half of interval
depression- tick mark points in
difference between convex and concave?
convex- gentle at top steep at base
concave steep at top gentle at base
what are the 3 ways to locate yourself on a map?
inspection- find two terrain features and then compare them to your map
intersection- determine location of an unknown point when you know your location
resection- determine your location by using other features.
what is terrain profiling?
an exaggerated side view of a portion of the earths surface along a line in between two points
def of direction?
position of one point in relation to another point
what is true north?
point on earth where all lines of longitude converge ie. north pole.
not used for basic land nav
what is magnetic north?
lensatic compass will point towards it.
not shown on map
what is grid north?
parallel lines on map
do not converge at north pole
based on MGRS
what is magnetic declination?
measures from true north to magnetic north
can be east or west
what is grid declination?
measures from true north to grid north
can be east or west
what is declination?
angular difference between true north and grid north.
always measured from true north
what are the tactical tenants?
achieving a decision
gaining an advantage
exploiting success and finishing
what are the 9 principles of war?
econ of force
unity of command
what are the 5 ways to increase speed?
experience and com
maintain speed through time
what are the 3 ways to exploit success and finish?
what is the foundation of analytical decision making?
when do we use rational calculation?
during preparatory phase
what is the dividing force behind intuitive decision making?
will emotion always play a role in decision making?
yes, yes it will
what are the two methods of decision making?
difference between analytical and recognition?
analytical- not critical, use large amounts of info,
recognitional- critical, requires little time, requires lots of eperience
what are the two strategies that are considered recognition?
reason by analogy
what are the decision making variables?
what does ooda loop stand for?
what are the six MAGTF core competencies?
combined arms integration
sea based ops
forcible entry from sea
what are the four core elements of a magtf
ground combat element
aviation combat element
logistic combat element
what are the six war fighting functions?
command and control
what is the mc principle war fighting organization?
who command a mef?
what is a mef comprised of?
GCE of one or more divs
ACE of one or more MAWs
LCE of one or more MLGs
how long can a mef sustain for and where are the located?
1 mef based in socal and arizona
2 mef based in nc and sc
3 mef based in oki jap and hawii
why is a meb unique?
sustain for 30 days
smallest magtf with a fully capable aviation element
how long can a meu sustain and who commands it?
ready in 6 hours
is a spmagtf standing or non standing?
what is a magtf acm
mefs force of readiness
can be deployed withing 18 hours
IMEF GCE located?
1st mar div camp pendleton
IMEF ACE located?
3rd maw miramar ca
IMEF LCE located?
1st mlg camp pendleton
IIMEF GCE located?
2nd mar div camp lejeune nc
IIMEF ACE located
2nd maw cherry point nc
IIMEF LCE Located?
2nd MLG camp lejeune nc
IIIMEF GCE located?
3rd mard div okinawa jap
IIIMEF ACE located?
1st maw okinawa jap
IIIMEF LCE located
3rd mlg okinawa jap
what are the characteristics