phase 1 exam 2

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phase 1 exam 2
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2014-05-11 14:38:48
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  1. what is the def of comm?
    a means or method of conveying info from one person or place to another
  2. what is the purpose of tactical comm?
    to serve command
  3. what are the tactical responsibilities related to comm?
    • must have correct equipment
    • best location
  4. what are the technical responsibilities related to comm?
    proper training plan to educate everyone
  5. what are the four basic requirements for comm to be effective?
    • FRSS
    • flexibility, reliability, speed, security
  6. what are the different means of comm?
    • radio
    • wire
    • sound
    • visual
    • physical comm
    • data comm
  7. what is the most secure type comm?
    messenger
  8. what is the least secure type of comm?
    radio
  9. what type of comm varies in security strength?
    data
  10. what energy does radio comm use?
    electromagnetic waves
  11. what frequencies do infantry battalions operate at?
    megahertz (VHF)
  12. which frequency has a longer wave length?
    smaller
  13. high or low frequency- what bends around objects better?
    low
  14. what is the near vertical incident sky waves?
    directs wave at higher angle towards sky which makes the wave return faster to earth which will help eliminate skip zones
  15. what does HF emit?
    2 to 29.999
  16. what does VHF emit?
    • low band- 30 to 89.999
    • high band- 90 to 224.999
  17. What does UHF emit?
    225 to 511.999
  18. what does SINCGARS stand for?
    single channel ground air radio systems.
  19. What are the 5 variables required to frequency hop?
    • hopset
    • tsk
    • tek
    • time
    • net id
  20. what are the four areas comsec is divided in to?
    • crypto sec
    • emission sec
    • physical sec
    • transmission sec
  21. what are some essential elements of friendly info?
    • position
    • capabilities
    • operations
    • friendly
    • electronic warfare
    • personnel
    • comsec
  22. what word is used if someone disclosed eefi's
    beadwindow
  23. what is the format of the MIJI report?
    • TUFT
    • time of interference
    • unit affected
    • frequencies affected
    • type of interference
  24. what word is used if they suspect imitative deception?
    gingerbread
  25. what is the TA-1?
    wired telephone with 4 mile capability
  26. what is the ta-312?
    battery powered tele range of 14-22 miles and compatible with ta-1
  27. characteristics of prc 119?
    • 0-400m low power
    • 400-5km med power
    • 5km-10km high power
    • 10 km-40km power amp
    • vhf
  28. mrc 145 characteristics
    • 2 vic mounted
    • 40 km range
  29. prc 117 characteristics
    • vhf range 0-10 miles
    • uhf range los
    • 100 presets
  30. prc 152 characteristics?
    • vhf range 0-5 miles
    • uhf range los
    • 99 presets
    • water resistant
  31. what is the cyz 10?
    fill device
  32. vrc 110?
    power amplifier
  33. prc 150 characteristics
    • hf man-pack radio
    • 200 presets
  34. what is tactical net?
    the squad can talk to plt plt can talk to co co can talk to bat
  35. where do we get zulu time?`
    PLGR DAGR
  36. what is ground to ground and what is ground to air?
    • g-g is fm
    • g-a is am
  37. difference between permeable and non permeable?
    Permeable is breathable
  38. four components of a permeable suit?
    • chemical protective suit
    • field protective mask
    • overshoes
    • chemical protective gloves
  39. what are the 3 factors you must consider for mopp level?
    mission equipment marines
  40. what are the 6 different mopp levels?
    • mopp ready- within 2 hours and second within 6 hours
    • mopp 0- within arms reach
    • mopp 1- protective suit worn
    • mopp 2- protective suit and boots worn
    • mopp 3- protective suit, boots, fpm and hood
    • mopp 4- add gloves
  41. dif between persistent and non persistent chemicals?
    • persistent- stays longer than 12 hours
    • non persistent- stays less than 12 hours
  42. difference between persistent and non persistent attacks?
    • persistent- air bursting ground contaminating (aircraft spray, air bursting munitions)
    • non persistent- ground bursting, air contaminating (mortars, rockets, arty)
  43. what are non persistent nerve agents?
    • GA
    • GB
    • GD
    • GF
  44. what are persistent nerve agents?
    VX
  45. symbol for tabun
    GA
  46. symbol for sarin
    GB
  47. Symbol for soman
    GD
  48. symbol for potential nerve agent
    GF
  49. physiological action of nerve agent on body?
    interfer with signals transferred through the CNS
  50. different ways a nerve agent can penetrate your body?
    • eyes
    • respiratory system
    • skin
  51. what are the 2 types of nerve agent medicants?
    • NAAK mark 1- two injectors
    • CANA- never use for self aid
  52. symbol for hydrogen cyanide?
    AC
  53. symbol for cyanogen chloride?
    CK
  54. symbol for arsine
    SA
  55. what are the non persistent blood agents?
    • AC
    • CK
    • SA
  56. what protective gear is needed for blood agent?
    Mask
  57. symbol for levinstein mustard
    H
  58. symbol for distilled mustard?
    HD
  59. 3 categories of blister agents?
    mustards, arsencals, urticants
  60. all blood agents are classified as?`
    non persistent
  61. all blister agents are classified as?
    persistent
  62. what are the physiological action of blister agents?
    • damage any tissue comes in contact with
    • damage respiratory system if inhaled
    • cause vomitting and diarhea
    • can be lethal but mainly due to skin damage
  63. what agent was the first used in warfare?
    Chocking
  64. what are chocking agents classified as?
    lung damaging agent
  65. how are biological agents classified?
    • biological type
    • use
    • operational effects
    • physiological action
  66. what are the different types of biological agents?
    • pathogens
    • toxins
    • other
  67. what are pathogens?
    • disease producing micro organisms
    • can be either transmissible or non transmissible
  68. what are toxins?
    • poisonous substances
    • produced as by-product of micro organisms
  69. whatare toxins classified as?
    • neurotoxins- disruot nerve impulses
    • cytotoxins- destroy cells by disrupting cell respiration and metabolism
  70. what is the M256a1 chem agent detect kit?
    detect and classify toxic chem agents present in vapor or liquid form
  71. what is th ABC-M8 chem agent paper?
    • detects the presence of liquid VG or H.
    • yellow-presence of G agent
    • Red- presence of blister agent
    • green- presence of v agent
  72. what does the M9 chem agent detect?
    all liquid
  73. what is the M291 Decan kit?
    • complete decan of skin through absorbtion
    • filled whit charcoal like substance
  74. what are indicators of nuclear att?
    • bright flash
    • enormous explosion
    • high winds
    • mushroom shaped cloud
  75. what are the four different types of alarms?
    • vocal
    • visual
    • sound
    • audio visual
    • (visual is always used with sound)
  76. what are the 3 different types of mopp exchange?
    • buddy
    • individual
    • triple buddy method
  77. steps for buddy mopp exchange?
    • decon gear
    • prepare for decon
    • decon mask and hood
    • remove over garment and boots
    • remove gloves
    • put on over garmet
    • put on boots and gloves
    • secure hood
    • secure gear
  78. steps for individual gear exchange
    • decon gear
    • prepare for decon
    • decon maks and hood
    • remove over garmet and boots
    • remove gloves
    • put on over garmet
    • put on boots and gloves
    • secure hood
    • secure gear
  79. unmasking with M256A1 detector?
    • 2-3 unmask for 5 min
    • 10 min with mask on
  80. unmask with M9 paper detector
    • hold breath open eyes break seal 15 sec
    • reseal wait 10 min
  81. unmask no detect kit?
    • break seal eyes open with big breaths
    • seal
    • wait 10 min
  82. what is the name of the observers report for chem att?
    CBRN-1
  83. distance away from high tension wires?
    55 m
  84. distance from field gun, tank
    18 m
  85. distance from tele wires/barbed wires?
    10 m
  86. Distance from machine gun?
    2 m
  87. distance from service rifle?
    .5 m
  88. what are the two holds for the compass?
    • center hold
    • compass to cheek
  89. what are collecting features?
    feature you plan to pass on your way to the point?
  90. what are limit/catching features?
    a linear feature that if you pass you have gone too far. 150% of pace count
  91. what is dead reckoning?
    following a set az for a certain pace without regards to the terrain
  92. what are the 3 basic techniques for land nav?
    • dead rek
    • terrain association
    • combo method
  93. what is the situational technique?
    • most important
    • align compass with map
  94. how many degrees can you intentionally offset?
    1-4
  95. black represents?
    man made features
  96. brown represents?
    terrain features
  97. green represents?
    vegetation
  98. blue represents?
    water
  99. red represents?
    road cond/built up areas
  100. what is the mil grid reference system (MGRS)
    coordinates
  101. how close will 2 digits get you?
    10 km
  102. how close will 10 digit get you?
    1 m
  103. Size of large map
    1;75,000 or larger
  104. size of med map?
    smaller than 1;75,000 bigger than 1;600,000
  105. small map size?
    1;600,000 and smaller
  106. small unit leaders will utilize what size map?
    large scale
  107. what is the graphic scale?
    scale used to measure distance
  108. what is perennial?
    water more than 6 months
  109. what is non perennial?
    contain water less than 6 months
  110. how is a perennial stream represented on map?
    • less than 25 m wide dark thick blue line
    • >25 m wide blue tint between dark thick blue lines
  111. intermittant stream on map looks like?
    thin blue lines/ broken sometimes
  112. how large does a lake or sand bed need to be to be portrayed?
    50m
  113. characteristics of woodland
    • trees >3 m tall
    • covers 50-100%
  114. Characteristics of scattered trees?
    trees 3m or bigger cover 25-50%
  115. characteristics of scrub?
    vegetation up to 3 m height with 20-50% coverage
  116. air field with grass surface/pavement
    dashed black lines/solid black lines
  117. building need to be how big to be portrayed?
    25 by 25m
  118. what do mapmakers consider and do they mean?
    • selection-choosing features to be shown
    • classification-grouping together, similar features
    • simplification- reducing detail on map
    • magnitude- shows relative size
  119. what are the 4 things on the map to consider?
    • contour lines
    • map date
    • map region
    • season
  120. what are 5 things to describe landscape?
    • SOSES
    • Shape
    • orientation
    • size
    • elevation
    • slope
  121. what are the 5 types of contour lines?
    • index- heavy lines with elevation on it
    • intermediate- light lines in between index
    • supplementary- added lines that are half of interval
    • depression- tick mark points in
    • cliff
  122. difference between convex and concave?
    • convex- gentle at top steep at base
    • concave steep at top gentle at base
  123.  what are the 3 ways to locate yourself on a map?
    • inspection- find two terrain features and then compare them to your map
    • intersection- determine location of an unknown point when you know your location
    • resection- determine your location by using other features.
  124. what is terrain profiling?
    an exaggerated side view of a portion of the earths surface along a line in between two points
  125. def of direction?
    position of one point in relation to another point
  126. what is true north?
    • point on earth where all lines of longitude converge ie. north pole.
    • not used for basic land nav
  127. what is magnetic north?
    • lensatic compass will point towards it.
    • not shown on map
  128. what is grid north?
    • parallel lines on map
    • do not converge at north pole
    • based on MGRS
  129. what is magnetic declination?
    • measures from true north to magnetic north
    • can be east or west
  130. what is grid declination?
    • measures from true north to grid north
    • can be east or west
  131. what is declination?
    • angular difference between true north and grid north.
    • always measured from true north
  132. what are the tactical tenants?
    • achieving a decision
    • gaining an advantage
    • being faster
    • adapting
    • cooperating
    • exploiting success and finishing
  133. what are the 9 principles of war?
    • moosemuss
    • mass
    • objective
    • offensive
    • security
    • econ of force
    • maneuver
    • unity of command
    • surprise
    • simplicity
  134. what are the 5 ways to increase speed?
    • simplicity
    • decentralization
    • experience and com
    • positioning
    • maintain speed through time
  135. what are the 3 ways to exploit success and finish?
    • consolidation
    • exploitation
    • pursuit
  136. what is the foundation of analytical decision making?
    rational calculation
  137. when do we use rational calculation?
    during preparatory phase
  138. what is the dividing force behind intuitive decision making?
    experience
  139. will emotion always play a role in decision making?
    yes, yes it will
  140. what are the two methods of decision making?
    • analytical
    • recognitional
  141. difference between analytical and recognition?
    • analytical- not critical, use large amounts of info,
    • recognitional- critical, requires little time, requires lots of eperience
  142. what are the two strategies that are considered recognition?
    • feature matching
    • reason by analogy
  143. what are the decision making variables?
    • chance
    • risk
    • information
    • time
    • uncertainty
    • experience
    • human factors
  144. what does ooda loop stand for?
    • observe
    • orient
    • decide
    • act
  145. what are the six MAGTF core competencies?
    • exped readiness
    • combined arms integration
    • exped ops
    • sea based ops
    • forcible entry from sea
    • reserve integration
  146. what are the four core elements of a magtf
    • command element
    • ground combat element
    • aviation combat element
    • logistic combat element
  147. what are the six war fighting functions?
    • command and control
    • intel
    • maneuver
    • fires
    • logistics
    • force protection
  148. what is the mc principle war fighting organization?
    mef
  149. who command a mef?
    LtGen
  150. what is a mef comprised of?
    • standing Ce
    • GCE of one or more divs
    • ACE of one or more MAWs
    • LCE of one or more MLGs
  151. how long can a mef sustain for and where are the located?
    • 60 days
    • 1 mef based in socal and arizona
    • 2 mef based in nc and sc
    • 3 mef based in oki jap and hawii
  152. why is a meb unique?
    • sustain for 30 days
    • smallest magtf with a fully capable aviation element
  153. how long can a meu sustain and who commands it?
    • 15 days
    • Col
    • ready in 6 hours
  154. is a spmagtf standing or non standing?
    non standing
  155. what is a magtf acm
    • mefs force of readiness
    • can be deployed withing 18 hours
  156. IMEF GCE located?
    1st mar div camp pendleton
  157. IMEF ACE located?
    3rd maw miramar ca
  158. IMEF LCE located?
    1st mlg camp pendleton
  159. IIMEF GCE located?
    2nd mar div camp lejeune nc
  160. IIMEF ACE located
    2nd maw cherry point nc
  161. IIMEF LCE Located?
    2nd MLG camp lejeune nc
  162. IIIMEF GCE located?
    3rd mard div okinawa jap
  163. IIIMEF ACE located?
    1st maw okinawa jap
  164. IIIMEF LCE located
    3rd mlg okinawa jap
  165. what are the characteristics

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