Biology Final

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nbennett
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273961
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Biology Final
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2014-05-10 19:13:43
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Biology Final
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  1. What structure is used to assemble amino acids into polypeptide chains?
    Ribosome
  2. Who wrote on the origin of Species and Descent of Modification?
    Charles Darwin
  3. In the fossil, record we find that some species evolve rapidly and some
    evolve slowly. What is this current understanding of evolution known as?
    Punctuated equilibrismism
  4. What is the general definition for protist?
    • Anything that it is not an animal, fungi, or
    • plant. It is an eukaryotic cell.
  5. How can bi-pedal only by the skull?
    • By where the spin enters the base of the skull:
    • Foraum Mangnam
  6. The amount of solar energy converted to biomass over a given area over a
    given period of time is
    primary production.
  7. What is the purpose of science?
    How we understand the world around us.
  8. What is a proto-oncogenes gene?
    A normal gene that regulates growth that can be turned into a cancer cell.
  9. Populations that are separated by certain geologic barriers may turn
    into distinct species.
    Allopatric Speciation
  10. Plants have an alteration of generation.
    The gamephyte and sporophyte
  11. The oldest known fossils of our species were found in
    Ethiopia
  12. The carbon cycle depends on photosynthesis and respiration. Where is the
    largest reservoir of carbon?
    CO2 in the atmosphere
  13. When a hypothesis is introduced into the scientific community.
    It turns into a theory
  14. To genes in the lab biologists often use
    Bacterial plasmids
  15. Evolution
    Adaptive Radiation
  16. Fungi along with prokaryotes are essentials
    ____________ in terrestrial ecosystems; they ________  organic material.
    Decomposers; break down
  17. Name an abiotic in an environment that is a fungus that has a
    relationship with plants.
    Mycorrhiza
  18. Extirpation
    Ecologists refer to the loss of a single population loss
  19. Extinction
    The loss of an entire species.
  20. A goes with
    T (DNA) or U (RNA)
  21. G goes with
    C
  22. Natural selection can only act upon _________
    traits.
    heritable
  23. Who modeled the conditions of ancient Earth’s atmosphere in a lab?
    Miller and Urey
  24. How old are the oldest fossils and what are they?
    Over 3.5 billion years old; stromatolites
  25. What phylum is the most primitive branch of the kingdom animilia?
    Sponge (prorifera)
  26. What is the most dominant biome of the area we live in?
    Temperate broad leaf forest
  27. ____________ causes habitat
    loss.
    Human population growth
  28. Who were the first to describe the double helix of DNA.
    Watson and Crick
  29. Similarities and characteristics that result in common ancestry are
    homologous
  30. Species of different evolutionary branches but have similar resemblances
    if they come to live in similar environments.
    Convergent Evolution
  31. I can live on both land and fresh water, my eggs are like jelly and are
    not protected well from drying out.
    Amphibian
  32. What is the main way living organisms contribute to the water cycle?
    Transporation- plants move water from the soil to the air.
  33. ________________ is a goal oriented science
    Conservation Biology
  34. What is the central dogma of biology according to Francis Crick?
    DNA to RNA to Protein
  35. What is the ultimate source of genetic variation?
    Mutations
  36. All living organisms are related… Common ancestry is supported. What is
    the natural force that is at work here?
    Evolution
  37. What is the name of the most famous bird linked from modern day birds to fossils?
    Archaeopteryx
  38. Know an example of an r-selected animal.
    Fruit fly
  39. What is the study of organisms and how they interact with their environment?
    Ecology
  40. Lots of different diseases… Misfolded ______
    called ________.
    proteins; prions
  41. Natural selection is the only mechanism that constantly contributes to .Number of offspring it produces.
    Relative fitness
  42. As different as bacteria and archea are, both
    groups are ____________.
    Prokaryotic cells
  43. What makes monotremes different from other mammals?
    They lay eggs
  44. What is an ecological footprint?
    The amount of resources used in an area
  45. Why are you bone cells, muscle cells, and skin cells different?
    Because of the different gene expression
  46. Microevolution vs. speciation:
    Group of organisms is a population
  47. Anthrax forms hardy endospores that can
    survive for decades.
    endospores
  48. Competition
    When two species occupy the same niche
  49. Define the biological species concept?
    A group of population whose members have the potential to interbreed…
  50. The jaguar helps to balance the jungle ecosystems….
    The jaguar is a keystone species

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