Card Set Information
What structure is used to assemble amino acids into polypeptide chains?
Who wrote on the origin of Species and Descent of Modification?
In the fossil, record we find that some species evolve rapidly and some
evolve slowly. What is this current understanding of evolution known as?
What is the general definition for protist?
Anything that it is not an animal, fungi, or
plant. It is an eukaryotic cell.
How can bi-pedal only by the skull?
By where the spin enters the base of the skull:
The amount of solar energy converted to biomass over a given area over a
given period of time is
What is the purpose of science?
How we understand the world around us.
What is a proto-oncogenes gene?
A normal gene that regulates growth that can be turned into a cancer cell.
Populations that are separated by certain geologic barriers may turn
into distinct species.
Plants have an alteration of generation.
The gamephyte and sporophyte
The oldest known fossils of our species were found in
The carbon cycle depends on photosynthesis and respiration. Where is the
largest reservoir of carbon?
CO2 in the atmosphere
When a hypothesis is introduced into the scientific community.
It turns into a theory
To genes in the lab biologists often use
Fungi along with prokaryotes are essentials
____________ in terrestrial ecosystems; they ________ organic material.
Decomposers; break down
Name an abiotic in an environment that is a fungus that has a
relationship with plants.
Ecologists refer to the loss of a single population loss
The loss of an entire species.
A goes with
T (DNA) or U (RNA)
G goes with
Natural selection can only act upon _________
Who modeled the conditions of ancient Earth’s atmosphere in a lab?
Miller and Urey
How old are the oldest fossils and what are they?
Over 3.5 billion years old; stromatolites
What phylum is the most primitive branch of the kingdom animilia?
What is the most dominant biome of the area we live in?
Temperate broad leaf forest
____________ causes habitat
Human population growth
Who were the first to describe the double helix of DNA.
Watson and Crick
Similarities and characteristics that result in common ancestry are
Species of different evolutionary branches but have similar resemblances
if they come to live in similar environments.
I can live on both land and fresh water, my eggs are like jelly and are
not protected well from drying out.
What is the main way living organisms contribute to the water cycle?
Transporation- plants move water from the soil to the air.
________________ is a goal oriented science
What is the central dogma of biology according to Francis Crick?
DNA to RNA to Protein
What is the ultimate source of genetic variation?
All living organisms are related… Common ancestry is supported. What is
the natural force that is at work here?
What is the name of the most famous bird linked from modern day birds to fossils?
Know an example of an r-selected animal.
What is the study of organisms and how they interact with their environment?
Lots of different diseases… Misfolded ______
Natural selection is the only mechanism that constantly contributes to .Number of offspring it produces.
As different as bacteria and archea are, both
groups are ____________.
What makes monotremes different from other mammals?
They lay eggs
What is an ecological footprint?
The amount of resources used in an area
Why are you bone cells, muscle cells, and skin cells different?
Because of the different gene expression
Microevolution vs. speciation:
Group of organisms is a population
Anthrax forms hardy endospores that can
survive for decades.
When two species occupy the same niche
Define the biological species concept?
A group of population whose members have the potential to interbreed…
The jaguar helps to balance the jungle ecosystems….
The jaguar is a keystone species