Anatomy

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Author:
conniesue38
ID:
274136
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2014-05-12 12:47:43
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anatomy
Folders:
biology
Description:
Aesculap anatomy test questions
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  1. lobectomy
    removal of lobe of lung
  2. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  3. cystotomy
    incision of urinary bladder
  4. infra
    below
  5. oophoro
    ovary
  6. cholecysto
    gallbladdere
  7. spleno
    spleen
  8. gastro
    stomach
  9. 2nd part of small intestine
    jejuno
  10. pneumono
    lung
  11. hystero
    uterus
  12. uretero
    ureter
  13. salpingo
    fallopian tube
  14. cysto
    urinary bladder
  15. colpo
    vagina
  16. hepato
    liver
  17. otomy
    cutting into
  18. orraphy
    surgical repair
  19. supra
    above
  20. oplasty
    reshaping or reconstruction
  21. sub
    under or below
  22. meso
    middle
  23. itis
    inflammation
  24. ostomy
    opening into or between 2 organs
  25. ectomy
    removal of
  26. oscopy
    viewing with a scope
  27. retro
    behind
  28. peri
    around
  29. hypo
    excessive below
  30. myomectomy
    removal of muscular tumors
  31. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  32. laparoscopy
    viewing of the abdomen
  33. gastroscopy
    viewing of the stomach
  34. cholelithiasis
    presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  35. salpingo-oophorectomy
    removal of fallopian tube and ovary
  36. nephrectomy
    removal of kidney
  37. colonoscopy
    viewing of the sigmoid colon
  38. cystotomy
    incision into urinary bladder
  39. malignant
    cancerous
  40. stopcock
    a valve to hook up C02 insufflator
  41. transect
    to cut across
  42. adhesion
    the fibrous attachment of 2 surfaces to each other
  43. fundus
    top part of the internal surface of a hollow organ
  44. fossa
    a pit or depression
  45. cannula
    a tube enclosing a trocar. A working port for instruments.
  46. obturator
    a rod blunt or sharp that fits into a cannula
  47. insufflate
    to inflate the abdomen with C02
  48. parietal
    pertaining to the walls of a cavity
  49. patent
    open, unobstructed
  50. oversew
    put extra suture
  51. cauterization
    using a hot agent to burn or destroy tissue; stop blood
  52. ligate
    to tie off
  53. excise
    to remove by cutting
  54. vascular
    pertaining to blood vessels
  55. hemostasis
    to stop the flow of blood
  56. diagnostic
    a surgical procedure to determine the cause of an illness
  57. desufflate
    deflate a cavity
  58. contralateral
    located on the opposite side
  59. peritoneum
    a smooth membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
  60. erect position
    standing, arms at side
  61. reverse trendelenburg
    lying on back with head tilted upward 30 to 40 degree angleĀ 
  62. trendelenburg
    lying on back with head tilted down 30 to 40 degree angleĀ 
  63. prone position
    lying on abdomen, arms at side, face down
  64. lithotomy position
    lying on back, thighs raised and bent
  65. supine position
    lying on back
  66. lateral recumbent
    lying on side, affected or injured side up
  67. cephalad
    movement toward the head
  68. the opposite of proximal is
    distal
  69. the armpit is known as the
    axillary
  70. lateral
    away from the midline
  71. posterior
    toward the back of the body
  72. contralateral
    located on the opposite side
  73. distal
    away from the beginning or point of origin
  74. superior
    above
  75. peripheral
    pertaining to the outer aspects of an organ
  76. intercostal incision
    incision between the ribs
  77. umbilical incision
    incision in the umbilicus- used in laparoscopy
  78. transverse incision
    a horizontal incision placed across the body
  79. midline incision
    longitudinal incision made thru the middle
  80. thoracotomy incision
    incision in the chest cavity
  81. subcostal incision
    incision below the ribs
  82. space formed by bones; contains the organs of reproduction and elimination
    pelvic
  83. space that contains the heart and lungs
    thoracic
  84. space below the diaphragm that contains the stomach, liver, intestines and other organs
    abdominal
  85. Hemoroidectomy:

    A. reverse trendelenberg
    B. lithotomy position
    C. prone position
    D. trendelenberg
    E. lateral recumbant
    C. prone position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. Laparoscopic chole:

    A. lateral recumbant
    B. prone position
    C. trendelenberg
    D. reverse trendelenberg
    E. lithotomy position
    D. reverse trendelenberg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. abdominal surgery:

    A. lateral recumbant
    B. prone position
    C. trendelenberg
    D. reverse trendelenberg
    E. lithotomy position
    C. trendelenberg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. vaginal hysterectomy:

    A. lithotomy position
    B. lateral recumbant
    C. reverse trendelenberg
    D. prone position
    E. trendelenberg
    A. lithotomy position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. thoracoscopy procedure:

    A. reverse trendelenberg
    B. lithotomy position
    C. prone position
    D. lateral recumbant
    E. trendelenberg
    D. lateral recumbent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. Your knee is cephalad or caudad to your feet?
    cephalad
  91. the opposite of contralateral is
    lateral
  92. Kidney is in the ____ cavity
    abdominal
  93. lungs is in the ______ cavity
    thoracic
  94. stomach is in the _____ cavity
    abdominal
  95. uterus is in the ____ cavity
    pelvic
  96. the fatty layer beneath the skin
    subcutaneous
  97. contractile tissue whose fibers appear striped
    muscle
  98. a sheet of fibrous tissue that covers the inferior side of the muscle
    posterior fascia
  99. thin membranous lining of the abdominal cavity and supports and covers organs
    peritoneum
  100. a sheet of fibrous tissue that covers the top of muscle
    anterior fascia
  101. the outer layer of the skin
    epidermis
  102. the inner layer of the skin
    dermis
  103. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  104. laparotomy
    incision into the abdominal cavity
  105. largest organ in the body that produces bile and filters blood
    liver
  106. attached to the cecum with no known function
    appendix
  107. layers of the large and small intestine: outer covering?
    serosa
  108. layers of the large and small intestine: muscular middle layer?
    submucosa
  109. layers of the large and small intestine: inner lining?
    mucosa
  110. digests and absorbs nutrients
    stomach
  111. upper part of stomach
    fundus
  112. center part of stomach
    corpus
  113. lower, distal part of stomach
    antrum
  114. first part of small intestine
    duodenum
  115. the first part of the colon
    cecum
  116. a sac in which bile is stored from the liver
    gallbladder
  117. surgical excision of part of the colon
    colectomy
  118. second part of the colon
    ascending
  119. second part of the small intestine
    jejunum
  120. removal of all or part of the stomach
    gastrectomy
  121. excision of part of the liver
    hepatic resection
  122. surgical removal of the appendix
    appendectomy
  123. third part of the small intestine
    ileum
  124. third part of the colon
    transverse
  125. fourth part of the colon
    descending
  126. fifth part of the colon
    sigmoid
  127. resection of the spleen
    splenectomy
  128. a pregnancy outside of the uterus, in the fallopian tube
    ectopic pregnancy
  129. non-cancerous fibrous tumor
    fibroid
  130. area between the anus and vagina or scrotum
    perineum
  131. removal of inner lining of uterus
    d&c
  132. surgical removal of an ovary
    oophorectomy
  133. resection of the prostrate gland
    prostatectomy
  134. where the renal artery and vein, nerves, ureters and lymphatic vessels enter and leave
    hilium of the kidney
  135. the narrow tubes that transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
    ureters
  136. the surgical excision of a kidney
    nephrectomy
  137. a gland with 3 lobes encircling the proximal urethra. frequently becomes enlarged in older males
    prostrate
  138. muscular sac that serves as a reservoir for urine
    urinary bladder
  139. lysis of adhesions
    freeing of adhesions
  140. blebectomy
    removal of a blister on the lung
  141. pneumoectomy
    removal of entire lung
  142. divides the left and right sides of the pleural cavity
    mediastinum
  143. surgical incision of the chest wall for any procedure
    thorectomy
  144. a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity causing the lung to collapse
    pneumothorax
  145. the main stem bronchi enters the lung at this location
    helium of lung
  146. below the ribs
    subcostal
  147. the main vessel that transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the body
    aorta
  148. a blister on the lung
    bleb
  149. adhesion formed between the visceral and parietal pleura
    pleural
  150. a thin membrane covering the lung
    visceral pleura
  151. the removal of a lung
    pneumoectomy
  152. temporary cessation of breathing
    apnea
  153. between the ribs
    intercostal
  154. the _____ pleura is a thin membrane that lines the pleural cavity
    parietal
  155. the pulmonary ____ transports oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart
    vein
  156. opening into the trachea to obtain an airway is
    tracheotomy
  157. diaphragm separates the _____ from the _____ cavity
    adbomen; thoracic
  158. _____ administers anesthesia under the supervision of an _____.
    crna; anesthesiologist
  159. a _______ works outside the sterile field and keeps track of counts, obtains supplies outside the OR, guards against violations of sterile technique along with many other tasks
    circulating nurse
  160. the _______ is in full charge of running the operating department
    OR supervisor
  161. the _____ is in charge of one or possibly two specialties
    head nurse
  162. the _____ is an RN and scrubs in on surgical cases
    scrub nurse
  163. the ________ carries the principal responsibility for the surgical procedure and patient care
    surgeon in charge
  164. the ______ monitors the patients vital signs during the operation
    anesthesiologist
  165. the _____ is not an RN and scrubs in on surgical cases
    scrub tech
  166. A ______ has completed two to three years of training resembling a condensed medical school and has chosen medicine as their primary area of interest
    PA- physicians assistant
  167. a _____ has completed two to three years of training resembling a condensed medical school and has chosen surgery as their primary area of interest
    SA- Surgeon assistant
  168. All nursing depts report to the ____
    DON

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