Study of societies, social groups, and the relationships between people.
What is the humanistic perspective of sociology?
To advance the welfare of humankind
What is the scientific perspective of sociology?
It is only concerned with acquiring objective empirical knowledge and not concerned about how to put it to use
According to C Wright Mills, what expresses both an understanding that personal troubles can and often do reflect broader social issues AND faith in the capacity of human beings to alter the course of history?
the sociological imagination
Who coined the word sociology?
What are the 3 stages of development that every science must go through?
Theological, metaphysical, positive stages
What is the theological stage of a developing science?
Looking toward the supernatural to explain what's observed.
What is the metaphysical stage of a developing science?
When scientist begin looking at the real world for an explanation.
What entails the final stage of the development of a science? The positive stage.
Scientist search for general ideas and laws.
What is Talcott Parson's Grand Theory?
society is a stable system of interrelated parts. (Functionalism)
What sociologist (1910-2003) distinguished between manifest (intended) and latent (unintended) consequences of existing elements of social structure which are either functional of dysfunctional to the systems stability?
What is deductive theory?
Theory that proceeds from general ideas.
What is inductive theory?
Theory derived from concrete evidence
What are the 3 recent theoretical approaches to sociology?