CLEP sociology pt I sec5-9
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CLEP sociology pt I sec5-9
CLEP sociology pt sec5
CLEP sociology pt I sec5-
What refers to the tendency of society (like other living organisms) to become more complex overtime?
What are the 5 types of societies?
1. Hunting & gathering
2. Horticultural & pastoral
What type of society is characterized by domesticating animals and the use of hand tools to cultivate plants?
Horticultural and Pastoral
What type of society used an increased use of technology to support crops and livestock including irrigation and draft animals?
What type of society uses complex machinery and energy sources for production?
What type of society centers around the production and use of information?
A status that is automatically conferred onto a person being no choice of theirs: race, gender, etc
A status that is earned by one's own doings and efforts.
A status with which a person is most identified by.
All the statuses a person occupies is what?
What a person does by occupying a particular status or position.
When different or conflicting expectations exist with regard to a particular status.
What occurs when a person occupies multiple statuses that contradict each other?
What is a relationship formed on the basis of accommodation or on the basis of an agreement?
A relationship that is formed on the basis that the parties belong together.
What is a number of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time?
What is a number of people that have certain characteristics in common?
What is a collection of people interacting with one another?
In what type of social group is the interaction among members close and intimate?
In what type of social group is the interaction among members anonymous, impersonal, and short in duration?
According to Ferdinand Tonnies (1853-1936) what is gemeinschaft?
Small communities characterized by tradition and united by a belief in common ancestry or by geographic proximity.
According to Ferdinand Tonnies (1853-1936) what is a gesellschaft?
Contractual relationships of a voluntary nature with limited duration and quality based on self interest and formed to achieve a particular goal
According to George Simmel (1858-1918) what is a dyad?
A group of two people
According to George Simmel (1858-1918) what is a triad?
A group of 3 people
What technique, developed by Robert Bales, is used for classifying in predetermined ways activity in small groups?
Interaction process analysis
J. L. Moreno developed what technique that focused on establishing the direction of interaction in small groups?
What is a group called that a person feels they belong in?
A type of group that a person feels they oppose or don't belong.
Social groups that provide the standards by which we evaluate ourselves.
What refers to an individual's compliance with group goals even if they may be in conflict with the individuals goals?
What is known as the process where people in a group tend to think similarly and conform to one another's views?
What are the 2 different type of group leaders?
Instrumental and Expressive
What are the 3 primary styles of leadership?
Authoritarian, Democratic, Laissez-faire
What is a social relationship that is either closed to outsiders or limits their admission into the group?
What states that in a bureaucratic organization that work expands to fill the time available for its completion?
What states that in any hierarchy every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence?
Who drafted the "Iron Law of Oligarchy" which concerns the behavior of bureaucracy?
What is a mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from other members of society that consider themselves normal?
Persuasion, teaching, and force are all examples of techniques for what?
What is a primary deviance?
Behavior that violates a norm
What refers to the behavior that results from a response the social response of deviance?
According to Merton, what kind of person seeks to continue acceptance of the goals and means offered for their attainment?
According to Merton, what kind of person accepts the goals while seeking new and possibly illegitimate revenues to attain these goals?
According to Merton, what kind of person makes the means into the end and would be more concerned with maintaining a job than personal achievement?
According to Merton, what kind of person rejects both the means and ends of society and dips into alcohol and drug use and metal illness?
According to Merton, what kind of person rejects the means and ends and replaces both with alternatives?
What is the symbolic meaning or value to actual or imagined bloodlines?
What are the 2 types of families?
Orientation (born into)
Procreation (procreate or adopt as an adult)
What terms refer to the family authority being vested in the mother/father?
What terms refer to how the family lineage is traced?
What terms refer to marriage in a specific social group and marriage outside of a social group?
Endogamy (in group)
Exogamy (outside the group)
Having one spouse at a time?
Having multiple spouses at one time?
Type of polygamy where a man has several wives at the same time?
Type of polygamy where a woman has multiple husbands at the same time?
What terms refer to the residential patterns of newly weds?
Patrilocality (Reside with husband's family)
Matrilocality (Reside with wife's family)
Neolocality (Reside in a separate residence of their own)
What is levirate?
obligates a man marry his brother's widow or be disgraced
What is primogeniture?
Eldest son inherits
What is ultimogeniture?
Youngest son inherits