AP@ LAB

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Author:
shsugal
ID:
27421
Filename:
AP@ LAB
Updated:
2010-07-21 23:37:19
Tags:
Anat phy
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Description:
Lab exam 1
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    • Basophils
    • Deep blue granules in basic stain
    • Similar to eosinophils in size and shape of nuclei
    • Fewer cytoplasmic granules than eosinophils
    • Bi-lobed nucleus
    • Migrate to damaged tissue
    • Release histamine, which promotes inflammation
    • Release heparin, which inhibits blood clotting and increases blood flow to injured tissues
    • Eosinophils
    • Coarse, deep red granules in acid stain
    • Bi-lobed nucleus
    • Moderate allergic reactions
    • Defend against parasitic worm infestations
    • Elevated in parasitic worm infestations and allergic reactions
    • Lymphocytes
    • Slightly larger than RBC
    • Large, spherical nucleus surrounded by thin rim of cytoplasm
    • T cells directly attack microorganisms, tumor cells, and transplanted cells B cells produce
    • B cells produce antibodies
    • May live for years
    • Monocytes
    • Largest of all blood cells
    • Spherical, kidney-shaped, oval or lobed nuclei
    • Leave bloodstream to become macrophages
    • Phagocytize bacteria, dead cells, and other debris
    • Produced in red bone marrow
    • Life span of several weeks to months
    • Neutrophils
    • Light purple granules in acid-base stain
    • Lobed nucleus
    • Elevated in bacterial infections
  1. Structure from which chordae tendineae originateae
    papillary muscale
  2. Prevents blood movement from right ventricle to right atrium
    Tricuspid valve
  3. Membranes around heart
    pericardial cavity
  4. Prevents blood movement from left ventricle to left atrium
    mitral valve
  5. gives rise to left and right pulmonary arteries
    pulmonary trunk
  6. drain blood from myocardium into right atrium
    coronary artery
  7. inner lining of heart chamber
    endocardium
  8. layler largely composed of cardiac muscle tissue
    myocardium
  9. space containing serous fluid to reduce friction during heartbeats
    pericardial cavity
  10. drains blood from myocardial capillaries
    cardiac vein
  11. supplies blood to heart muscle
    coronary artery
  12. distributes blood to body organs except lungs
    aorta
  13. What are mature red blood cells called?
    Erythrocytes
  14. What are the functions of the red blood cells?
    Transport gases like CO2 and O2
  15. What are the oxygen-carrying substance in red blood cells?
    Hemoglobin
  16. what are the white blood cells called?
    leukocytes
  17. what are wh
  18. What are white blood cells with grandular cytoplasm called?
    grandulocytes
  19. What are white blood cells lacking grandular cytoplasm called?
    agrandulocytes
  20. What is the most numerous whaite blood cells?
    Neutrophils
  21. What does a platelet lack?
    nucleus
  22. Where are the antigens of the ABO blood group located?
    Red blood cell membranes
  23. Type A blood contains what type of antigen?
    A
  24. Type B blood contains what type of antigen?
    B
  25. Type A blood contains what kind of antibody in the plasma?
    B antibody
  26. Type B blood contains what kind of antibody in the plasma?
    Anti A antibody
  27. Universal recipient
    AB
  28. universal donor
    O

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