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  1. aka windpipe, is a cylindrical cartilaginous tube that is the air passageway extending from the pharynx and the larynx to the main bronchi. it is 4" long. it is composed of smooth muscle that is reinforced by C-shaped rings of cartilage. the function is to provide an open passageway for air to the lungs
  2. consists of right and left main stem bronchi, it branches off into each lung and conducts air into them. the main stem bronchi enters the lung at the location called the hilum of the lung
    bronchial tree
  3. branches of the main stem bronchus. they conduct the flow of air into the lobes of the lung
    lobar bronchi
  4. futher branches of the lobar bronchi
  5. small sacs formed by innumerable divisions of the bronchioles. this is the area where gaseous exchange takes place
  6. located in the pleural cavity
  7. consists of two lobes, upper and lower.
    left lung
  8. consists of 3 lobes, upper, middle, lower
    right lung
  9. major function is to reoxygenate blood
  10. air embolism
    air bubbles i the veins after trauma or surgical procedure
  11. apex
    the superior part or top of the lung, also called the cervical surface of the lung
  12. apnea
    temporary cessation of breathing
  13. ascites
    the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
  14. bleb or bullae
    a blister located on the lung
  15. diaphragm
    a body portion of muscle and connective tissue separating the abdomen from the thoracic cavity. it aides in respiration
  16. diaphragmatic surface
    lower surface of the lung
  17. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  18. hilum of the lung
    the root of the lung where all structures enter and leave the lung, such as the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein and main stem bronchus
  19. intercostal
    between the ribs
  20. interpleural pressure
    the presence of negative pressure between the parietal and visceral pleura
  21. intrapulmonic pressure
    the presence of pressure within the pleural cavity
  22. aorta
    main vessel transporting oxygenated blood from heart to body
  23. vena cava
    transports deoxygenated blood back to the heart
  24. pulmonary vein
    vein that transports oxygenated blood from lungs to heart
  25. pulmonary artery
    artery that transports deoxygenated blood from lungs to heart
  26. mediastinum
    a membranous sac separating the left and right pleural cavities. the sac also contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea and nerves
  27. parenchyma
    referring to the tissue of the organ that proves the organ with its unique function
  28. pleura
    thin membranous lining of the thoracic cavity
  29. pleural abrasion
    adhesion formation is promoted by using a dry sponge to rough up the parietal surface. this procedure usually follows a blebectomy and is done to create pleural symphysis
  30. pleural cavity
    made up of the right and left pleural cavities. the mediastinum divides the right and left cavities. it holds fluid that lubricates the lung area which allows the lung to move around freely.
  31. visceral pleura
    thin membrane covering the lung
  32. parietal pleura
    membrane that lines the thoracic/pleural cavity
  33. pleural effusion
    the presence of fluid in the pleural space
  34. pleural symphysis
    adhesion formation between the visceral and parietal pleura
  35. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  36. pneumothorax
    a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity causing the lung to collapse. the pressure buildup in the thoracic cavity causes the mediastinum to be upset
  37. aspiration of pleural fluid
    removal of fluid from the pleural cavity
  38. blebectomy
    removal of bleb
  39. laryngectomy
    resection of the larynx
  40. laryngostomy
    establishing a new opening in the larynx
  41. lobectomy
    removal of a lobe of the lung
  42. lysis of adhesions
    freeing of adhesions
  43. parietal pleural biopsy
    taking a sample of the parietal pleura
  44. pneumonectomy
    removal of the entire lung
  45. segmental resection
    removal of a segment of lung
  46. thoracoscopy
    diagnostic examination of the pleural cavity with an endoscope
  47. thoracotomy
    surgical incision of the chest wall for any thoracic procedure
  48. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture of chest wall for removal of fluids
  49. tracheostomy
    new opening into trachea.
  50. tracheotomy
    an opening into the trachea to obtain airway. this is usually done as an emergency when the patient cannot breathe.
  51. tube thoracostomy
    opening into chest area to drain fluids from pleural cavity using a water seal drainage system
  52. wedge resection
    a cutting across a segment to remove a wedge-shaped (pie shaped) specimen usually done for biopsy, also done for blebectomy.
Card Set:
2014-05-13 17:48:15

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