Religion: Sikhism

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Religion: Sikhism
2014-05-13 17:18:49

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  1. Define guru.
    A spiritual leader who delivers people from the darkness of ignorance to a state of enlightenment.
  2. Define Guru Granth Sahib.
    The sacred text of Sikhism.
  3. Define ardas.
  4. Define Mul Mantra.
    How Sikh morning prayer begins.
  5. Define gurdwara.
    The central structure f any particular Sikh community; special building for worship.
  6. Define granthi.
    The person who performs the daily prayer service.
  7. Define langar.
    A shared meal that is prepared in the gurdwara's community kitchen. The meal is a symbol of unity and equality of all people.
  8. Define parshad.
    A sweet pudding-like dessert that is shared at the end of a Sikh service.
  9. Define khalsa.
    The collective body of all initiated Sikhs; the congregation.
  10. Define Rahit Maryada.
    The Sikh code of moral conduct.
  11. How many Gurus are there in Sikhism?
  12. Explain the importance of Guru Nanak.
    Founder of Sikhism. The Sikh tradition began with his teachings.
  13. Explain the importance of Guru Arjun Dev.
    He compiled the Adi Granth and built the GOlden Temple in Amritsar. He altered the role of the Guru by being a worldly, spiritual leader.
  14. Explain the importance of Guru Gobind Singh.
    The last of the Sikh Gurus. He established the Khalsa and named the Adi Granth his successor.
  15. Describe the importance of the Gurdwara.
    The main centre of prayer and religious observances. The central object of attention is the sacred scripture. Can be visited whenever for worship, as there is no specific holy day.
  16. Similarities between Sikhism's place of worship and the Catholic Church.
    • When entering the holy place: Both show respect to the fact that it is a holy place.
    • Sacred text: Show respect.
    • Leaders of prayer during worship: Both individuals must be well-versed in religious teachings.
    • Congregation participation: Singing, offering
    • Food: Celebration, a coming together
    • Signs of equality: Promote equality and unity
    • Signs of charity: Help the community
  17. Differences between Sikhism place of worship and the Catholic Church.
    • When entering the holy place: Sikhs take off shoes and cover head and bow, Catholics do sign of cross and bow and use holy water.
    • Sacred text: Sikhs bow and back away respectfully, Catholics stand when Bible being read, kiss the Bible, sign of cross at entrance of Bible.
    • Leaders of prayer during worship: Sikhs have Granthi (anyone), Catholics have male priest.
    • Congregation participation: Sikhs sing hymns, pray, poems, and offerings. Catholics sing hymns, prayer, give thanks, genuflect, money donations.
    • Food: Sikhs have the langar and parshad. Catholics have the Eucharist and the Wine.
    • Signs of equality: Sikhs have sharing of meals to show equality, Catholics pray together and sit together.
    • Signs of Charity: Sikhs have the sharing of the parshad, Catholics have money donations, food banks, raffles.
  18. List and explain the 5 Ks of Sikhism.
    • Kesh: Uncut hair/beard. Shows respect for the body.
    • Kangha: Comb holding the hair in place. Shows cleanliness.
    • Kara: Steel bracelet. Shows strength and fearlessness, reminding the wearer of God's presence and a Sikh's duty to stay away from evil deeds.
    • Kirpan: A small sword/dagger. Shows power and dignity. 
    • Kacchehra: Knee-length shorts. Shows modesty, moral restraint, discipline, and defend faith.
  19. 5 important points about Sikh marriage.
    • -Called Anand Karaj
    • -Marriage is a holy union, family life is seen as most honorable
    • -Do not believe in celibacy
    • -Can take place anywhere, as long as there are no intoxicants
    • -Sikhs encouraged to marry other Sikhs, but there are no barriers to race, caste, or status
  20. 5 points about funeral rites.
    • -Body is bathed, clothed, and placed on a wooden frame
    • -If person has been baptised, the 5 Ks are displayed on the body
    • -Mourners form a procession and sing hymns as they carry the body to the cremation site
    • -Public displays of grief are discouraged because of the Sikh's strong belief in the immortality of the human spirit
    • -Ceremony closes with a ceremonial reading of the entire Guru Granth at the deceased's home; this is to be completed in 9 days
  21. List the 8 major teachings of Sikhism.
    • Monotheism
    • The Reality of the World
    • Spiritual Achievement in this Life
    • Union of Spiritual and Worldly Lives
    • Nam
    • Good Deeds, Not Rituals
    • Equality and Human Dignity
    • A Just Society
  22. Monotheism
    There is only one God. Creator, timeless, unincarnated, eternal.
  23. The Reality of the World
    The world is good. It is not an illusion nor a source of suffering. Human life is an opportunity to become one with God.
  24. Spiritual Achievement in this Life
    The goal of life is to escape our self-will or self-interest and become one with God.
  25. Union of Spiritual and Worldly Lives
    Guru Nanak did not believe in asceticism. Sikhs are involved in community life, take care of the poor, and act against injustice. Consumerism and materialism are strongly discouraged.
  26. Nam
    The presence of God in each human heart. Sikhs must strive to keep this "God-within" in mind at all times in hopes of becoming more loving, truthful, humble, and content.
  27. Good Deeds, Not Rituals
    Ritualism is condemned. Sikhs feel that at the end of their lives, they will be judged solely on the quality of their actions.
  28. Equality and Human Dignity
    Sikhs profess that all humans are equal. They profess the equality of men and women.
  29. A Just Society
    Nanak wanted to establish a just, compassionate society on earth. In his ideal community, all would work together, pray together, eat together, and be treated equally.
  30. List the 5 virtues.
    • Truth
    • Contentment
    • Patience
    • Perfect faith
    • Compassion
  31. List the 5 vices.
    • Lust
    • Anger
    • Greed
    • Attachment
    • Pride