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Define Tao Te Ching.
The primary sacred text of Taoism. Literally means "the book of the Way and its power". Written by Lao Tzu.
"The path" or "the Way." The absolute principle underlying the universe combining ideas of Yin and Yang, along with being in harmony with the natural order.
Define Chuang Tzu.
The text attributed to Taoism's second founder, Chuang Tzu. It is delightful, yet full of profound lessons and stories. Its central theme is the relativity of things.
Define yin and yang.
- Yin: The negative, passive, feminine, earthly component, characterized by darkness and weakness.
- Yang: The positive, active, masculine, heavenly component, characterized by light and strength.
The primary virtue of Taoism, and the means by which the sage maintains harmony with Tao.
Who are the founders of Taoism?
Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu.
Explain what Lao-Tzu means by "non-action". Why is it best?
It avoids the tendency to act, embraces the yin, and is thereby more effective. It is to be so perfectly in harmony with nature that nature's energy infuses and empowers one. Maintain an undistracted state, allowing the energy of Tao to accomplish the task at hand.
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