Art History Midterm 3

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Art History Midterm 3
2014-05-13 21:36:13

renaissance to present
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  1. The Great Schism (1378)
    Roman Catholic Church split when the King of France decided that he did not like the Italian Pope and elected one of his own. The Great Schism, as it has been called, lasted for about 68 years, during which time there were two popes claiming authority over the Catholic Church.
  2. Monastic Orders (Augustinians,Carmelites,Franciscans,Dominicans)
    • -a group of person living under a religious rule; "the order of Saint Benedict"
    • -Augustinian order - any of several monastic orders observing a rule derived from the writings of St. Augustine
    • -Dominican order - a Roman Catholic order of mendicant preachers founded in the 13th century
    • -Franciscan order - a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Francis of Assisi in the 13th century
    • - Carmelite order, Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel - a Roman Catholic mendicant order founded in the 12th century
  3. Maniera Greca
    Greek manner
  4. Ogival Arch
  5. Hodegetria Type
    she who shows the way
  6. Ignudi
  7. Atmospheric Perspective
    optical phenomena.Artists using atmospheric (sometimes called aerial) perspective
  8. International Style
    a style in art during the late 14th and early 15th centuries characterized by elegant stylization of illuminated manuscripts, mosaics, stained glass, etc, and by increased interest in secular themes.
  9. Chiaroscuro
    strong contrasts between light and dark
  10. Central Plan vs. Longitudinal Plan – referring to church architecture
    • -The Longitudinal-Plan consists of elongated narrow structures. It has a horizontal axis to alter. 
    • -The central plan : The differences are instead of having a horizontal axis the Central –Plan is on a vertical axis.
  11. Mannerism
    person's particular way of talking or moving.
  12. sack of Rome (1527)
    The Sack of Rome on 6 May 1527 was a military event carried out by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in Rome, then part of the Papal States.
  13. Martin Luther
    launched the Protestant Reformation.
  14. Iconoclasm
    the action of attacking or assertively rejecting cherished beliefs and institutions or established values and practices.
  15. Protestant Reformation
    The Protestant Reformation (also know as the Protestant Revolution) was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early Protestants.
  16. Council of Trent
    prompted by the Protestant Reformation and since described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation, was one of the Catholic Church's most important ecumenical councils
  17. The Thirty Years’ War
    was a series of wars principally fought in Central Europe, involving most of the countries of Europe. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history, and one of the longest continuous wars in modern history.
  18. Treaty of Westphalia
    denotes a series of peace treaties signed between May and October of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic.
  19. Baroque
    used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension
  20. Counter Reformation
    was the period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War (1648), and was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation.
  21. Tenebrism
    where there are violent contrasts of light and dark and where darkness becomes a dominating feature of the image.
  22. Penumbra
    area in which light and shade blend
  23. Verism
    marble sculptures of heads.
  24. Corporeality
    having, consisting of, or relating to a physical material body: asa :  not spiritual
  25. Directional Force
    paths created or implied within an artwork that lead the eye through the composition
  26. Raking Light
    illumination of objects from a light source at an oblique angle or almost parallel to the surface
  27. Camera Obscura
    a darkened box with a convex lens or aperture for projecting the image of an external object onto a screen inside. It is important historically in the development of photography.
  28. Vanitas
    a still-life painting
  29. Tronies
    upon living models, including the artists themselves, relatives or colleagues
  30. genre painting
    ordinary life, especially domestic situations.
  31. Utrecht School
    society with highly trained professionals in the field of art and culture

  32. Old St. Peter’s Rome, Italy, ca. 319
    • 1). NAVE 2). AISLES 3). APSE 4). TRANSEPT 5). NARTHEX 6). ATRIUM