College Now: Intro to Political Science

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College Now: Intro to Political Science
2014-05-13 21:55:11
Chapter11 PoliticalScience CollegeNow
Political Science
Vocabulary from The Challenge of Politics: An Introduction to Political Science (College Now) (Spring 2014)
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  1. Advise and Consent
    Process by which the U.S. Senate provides advice to the president on treaties and key appointments through the mechanism of hearings and approves these items with a vote requiring a two-thirds majority.
  2. Bill of Rights
    The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which establish such individual rights as freedom of speech and religion.
  3. Bureaucracy
    Governmental departments, ministries, agencies, and officials that carry out public policy, ideally in a rational, efficient, impartial, and stable manner.   OR   a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
  4. Contract
    An agreement, usually written and enforceable by law, between two or more people to do something.
  5. deliberative function
    That part of the legislative process consisting of discussion and debate on issues.
  6. judicial review
    The ability of the U.S. Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress or a state legislature unconstitutional.
  7. legislative function
    Formal responsibility of legislatures to make laws.
  8. legitimacy
    The general acceptance by political actors and citizens that government actions are appropriate and fully accepted.     OR    the popular acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime.
  9. loyal opposition
    Name given to the opposing, or minority, party in the United Kingdom.
  10. meritocracy
    Members of a bureaucracy who have gained employment and achieved advancement by reason of merit as opposed to patronage or personal favor. often applies to systems of personnel recruitment in government by civil service examination.     OR     government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability.
  11. representative function
    one of the roles performed by legislative bodies. legislators represent and look out for the interests of their constituents who elected them to office.
  12. supervisory function
    The legislative responsibility to monitor and oversee the work of the executive and the bureaucracy.
  13. Tort
    A wrongful act, injury, or damage (not involving a breach of contract) for which a civil action can be brought.
  14. writ of habeas corpus
    literally, “produce the body”; legal document requiring that a prisoner be brought before a court to determine whether he or she is being lawfully held in jail.    OR     a writ (court order) that requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court.