College Now: Intro to Political Science

Card Set Information

College Now: Intro to Political Science
2014-05-13 22:40:37
Chapter1 PoliticalScience CollegeNow
Political Science
Vocabulary from The Challenge of Politics: An Introduction to Political Science (College Now) (Spring 2014)
Show Answers:

  1. accommodation
    Political behavior that seeks a compromise between competing interests and is marked by cooperation, bargaining, and balloting.
  2. civil disobedience
    Doctrine advocating that an individual may peacefully, publicly, and selectively disobey a morally outrageous government policy, although the individual must be prepared to face the consequences for such disobedience.   Ex. the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
  3. conversion
    The peaceful transformation of a political opponent through voluntary agreement and free choice. The instruments of conversion include love, con­science, and reason.
  4. destruction
    Political game in which violence and other instruments of force are used to annihilate one’s opponent.
  5. ethnic cleansing
    Forceful displacement of a group from a given territory based on their religion, ethnicity, race, or nationality. May involve a variety of methods, including mass murder, military force, or intimidation through torture or rape.
  6. genocide
    Systematic mass destruction of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group.
  7. justice
    Variously defined as fairness, rightfulness, giving persons their due, and a balancing of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  8. lion and fox
    Game of politics in which a state’s vital interests are at stake and must be protected by the use of both force and craft; political strategy first articulated by Niccolò Machiavelli in The Prince.
  9. players
    Contestants in the game of politics who win or lose, who compete or cooperate in pursuit of certain goals, who exercise power or will, who enjoy or suffer.
  10. politics
    Process whereby public values are debated, political actors cooperate and struggle for power, and policy judgments are made and implemented.    OR    government and state
  11. power
    Political, legal, economic, military, social, or moral ability of one political actor to get another political actor to do or not to do something.
  12. rules
    Agreed-on procedures that regulate the conduct of the political game.
  13. stakes
    That which can be gained in victory or lost in defeat.
  14. strategies and tactics
    Plans of action, schemes of attack or defense, and judgments that bring about victory or defeat.
  15. terrorism
    The use of violence against civilians to achieve political goals.
  16. wipeout
    Pattern of politics in which one player, insisting on total domination, encounters resistance and employs brute physical force to destroy an opponent.