SCIENCE Climate Quiz 05.14.14

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SCIENCE Climate Quiz 05.14.14
2014-05-13 23:46:45
Science Climate Quiz
Science Climate Quiz
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  1. What happens to intensity of solar energy as latitude increases?
    it decreases
  2. Which region is located between 23.5 degrees north and south of the equator?
    Tropical Zone
  3. In polar areas, solar radiation strikes Earth at what type of angle?
    small angle
  4. The rain shadow effect is associated with what geological feature?
  5. The leeward side of a mountain is often WHAT?
  6. The windward side of a mountain is often WHAT?
  7. What is the relationship between elevation and climate?
    higher elevation, cooler temps
  8. How would the climate of a coastal city differ from that of a city at the same latitude located further inland?
    coastal has more moderate weather
  9. How does the temperature of a body of water influence the temperature of the air above it?
    water takes longer to heat and cool than land; exchanges heat
  10. Where do Global winds move warm air?
    the poles
  11. Where do Global winds move cold air?
    the equator
  12. Heat and moisture are distributed around Earth by what?
    Global winds
  13. Which of the following are true about the relationship between vegetation and climate?
    • Vegetation influences cloud formation, rates of solar absorption, and regional precipitation patterns.
    • NOT ocean currents.
  14. What two factors are used to classify climate in the Koppen climate classification system?
    temperature and precipitation
  15. Name each of the 5 principal groups of the Koppen climate classification system.
    • 1) Tropical Humid
    • 2) Dry
    • 3) Mild Mid Latitude
    • 4) Sever Mid Latitude
    • 5) Polar
  16. What factor defines all groups in the Koppen system with the exception of dry climates?
    patterns of vegetation and soils
  17. Latitudes of Rainforests
    between 23.5 degrees N and 23.5 degrees South (tropical zone)
  18. Latitude of deserts
    30 degrees N or 30 degrees S
  19. In dry climates, what can be said about rates of evaporation versus rates of precipitation?
    evaporation exceeds precipitation
  20. What are the characteristics of a polar climate?
    • long severe winter
    • low rates of evaporation
    • cold summer
    • low precipitation
    • no vegetation
  21. What type of climate is characteristic of Antarctica?
    polar climate
  22. Which climate experiences seasonal periods of continuous night?
    polar climate
  23. In general how do highland climates compare to hereby areas at lower elevations?
    cooler and wetter climates
  24. What phenomenon naturally warms Earth's lower atmosphere and surface?
    Greenhouse Effect
  25. Which are true of greenhouse gases?
    • They absorb radiation.
    • They are transparent to incoming solar radiation.
    • They include carbon dioxide and water vapor.
    • They are NOT produced solely by human activities.
  26. What is the relationship between fossil fuels and the greenhouse effect?
    fossil fuels increase carbon dioxide that increases greenhouse gases
  27. Which greenhouse gas is the most powerful absorber of radiation emitted by Earth?
    water vapor
  28. Draw and explain how temperature inversion occurs.