Chapter 21

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Author:
amanda430
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274417
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Chapter 21
Updated:
2014-05-14 12:48:48
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Chapter 21
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Final
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Chapter 21
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  1. What is the causative agent of Diphtheria?
    Corynebacterium Diptheria
  2. What are the signs/symptoms of diptheria?
    • Pseudomembrane
    • Swollen Neck
  3. What is the virulence factor of Corynebacterium Diptheria?
    A-B Toxin
  4. How is Diptheria transmitted?
    • Air
    • Fomites
  5. What is the treatment for diptheria?
    • antiserum
    • antibiotics
  6. How is diptheria prevented?
    Vaccine
  7. What is the causative agent for Pneumococcal Pneumonia?
    Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  8. What are the signs/symptoms of Pneumococcal Pneumonia?
    • Pinkish/rust colored sputum
    • Fever
  9. What is the virulence factor of Streptococcus Pneumoniae (Pneumococcal Pneumonia)
    Capsule
  10. How is Pneumococcal Pneumonia transmitted?
    • Carried in throat
    • Opportunist when ciliary escalator is impaired
  11. What is the treatment for Pneumococcal Pneumonia?
    Antibiotics
  12. How is Pneumococcal Pneumonia prevented?
    Vaccine for 23 strains
  13. What is the common name for Mycoplasmal Pneumonia?
    Walking Pneumonia
  14. What is the causative agent of mycoplasmal pneumonia?
    Mycoplasmal pneumoniae
  15. What are the signs/symptoms of Mycoplasmal pneumonia?
    Dry Cough
  16. What is the virulence factor of mycoplasmal pneumoniae?
    • Attachment
    • Lacks cell wall
  17. How is mycoplasmal pneumonia spread?
    Aerosol droplets
  18. How is mycoplasmal pneumonia treated?
    Antibiotics not targeting the cell wall
  19. How is mycoplasmal pneumonia prevented?
    • No Vaccine
    • Avoidance
  20. What is the common name for Pertussis?
    Whooping Cough
  21. What is the causative agent for Pertussis?
    Bordetella pertussis
  22. What are the signs/symptoms of Pertussis (whooping cough)?
    • Stage 1-Catarrhal: mild symptoms
    • Stage 2- Paroxysmal:uncontrollable coughing
    • Stage 3- Convalescent: not contagious
  23. What is the virulence factors of Bordetella pertussis?
    • Capsule
    • A-B Toxins
  24. How is Pertussis transmitted?
    Air droplets
  25. How is Pertussis treated?
    Antibiotics in the Catarrhal Stage
  26. How is Pertussis prevented?
    Vaccine
  27. What is the causative agent of Tuberculosis?
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  28. What are the signs/symptoms of Tuberculosis?
    • No initial symptoms
    • Blood-streaked sputum
  29. What are the virulence factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
    Acidic cell wall inhibits phagocyte formation
  30. How is tuberculosis transmitted?
    Air droplets
  31. How is tuberculosis treated?
    Multiple drugs over a long period of time due to it's slow generation time
  32. How is Tuberculosis prevented?
    • New Vaccines
    • Treat people who have the illness
  33. What is the common name for Influenza?
    Flu
  34. What is the causative agent for Influenza?
    Influenza A Virus
  35. What are the signs/symptoms for influenza?
    Fever within 6-12 hours
  36. What is Antigenic Drift for influenza?
    When changes to the NA and HA spikes occur
  37. What is Antigenic Shift for influenza?
    When a concurrent infections occurs and the two viruses combine to create a new flu
  38. How is influenza transmitted?
    Air droplets
  39. How is influenza treated?
    Antiviral medications
  40. How is influenza prevented?
    Vaccine against 3 strains

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