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These rules do not cover all the aspects of word stress in English; but they do cover the large majority of plurisyllabic words in the language.
The problem: should you say: DIFficult or difFICult or diffiCULT?Here are the main principles that determine how words are stressed or accentuated in English.
1. A word is normally stressed on the first syllable, unless there is a reason to put the stress somewhere else.
1. The "reasons" are either suffixes (like -ity or -ion)
or prefixes (like con-, dis-, ex- or in-).
3- If the suffix (ending) starts with the letters i or u this will affect
the position of stress in a word.
Sample suffixes: -ion, -ual, -ial, -ient, -ious, -ior, -ic, -ity, etc.
the stress comes on the syllable before the suffix.
Examples: Atlantic, comic, sufficient,
There are only a very few exceptions to this rule.