O'Sullivan B 75-150 Select Questions

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O'Sullivan B 75-150 Select Questions
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2014-05-14 18:10:26
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Sullivan 75 150 Select Questions
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O'Sullivan B 75-150 Select Questions
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  1. B77 What kind of exercise is isokinetic
    • preset speed and the resistance changes
    • iso"same" kinetic "movement"
  2. B78 what is the ideal amount of HR to train an AIDs patient
    1. 40-50
    2. 50-60
    3. 70-80
    4. Not at all
    • 2. 50-60
    • Current research demonstrates exercise is important and effective for AIDS patients
  3. B81 PO2 and PCO2 are values that are found in
    1. pul fxn test results
    2. hematocrit
    3. arterial blood gases
    4. vital signs
    • 3. arterial blood gases
    • It indicates the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
  4. B82 What on an orthosis would help fix a rearfoot varus? A pes planus?
    1. longitudinal arch support
    2. heel lift
    3. posting
    4. AFO
    • For rearfoot varus a posting would help
    • For pes planus a longitudinal arch support would help
  5. B83 Pt who has RA should most likely use a/an
    1. airplane splint
    2. cock-up splint
    3. dynamic wrist ext splint
    4. milwaukee brace
    • 2. cock up (resting splint) 
    • airplane fixes UE in 90abd 90flex which is use for fx that neutral position isn't ideal
    • dynamic wrist ext helps facilitate the tenodesis grasp in pts with weak extensors
  6. B84 The primary cause of a decub ulcer is
    1. excessive pressure
    2. breakdown of skin
    3. lack of moisture on skin
    4. excessive moisture
    1. excessive pressure
  7. B87 Deep partial thickness burn the wound should appear
    1. black/charred and dry; edema is present with lil pain
    2. blistered and inflamed with severe pain
    3. reddened or white, with edema and/or blistering, with severe pain
    • 3. reddened or white, with edema and/or blistering, with severe pain
    • Deep partial involved epidermis and dermis with injury to nerve endings, hair follicles, and sweat glands.
  8. B89 Chronic corticosteroid use has OP and other common side effects which are
    1. dyspnea, increased BP, wt loss
    2. slowness of wound healing and wt gain
    3. low blood sugar, increase HR, and weight gain
    4. increased healing and wt loss
    2. slowness of wound healing and wt gain
  9. B93 Chronic pulmonary changes following a left pneumonectomy include
    1. decreased tidal volume
    2. increased tidal volume
    3. decreased breath sounds on the right
    4. decreased residual volume
    • 4. decreased residual volume (amount of air left in lung following an exhale)
    • tidal volume (amount of air inhaled and exhaled during rest) will not change.
  10. B95 Infant has HR of 115bpm this is
    1. tachycardia
    2. WNL
    3. tachypnea
    4. bradycardia
    • 2. WNL
    • 100-140bpm is norm for an infant
  11. B99 which of the four are best to reduce muscle spasm and facilitate stretching a tight muscle group
    1. cold pack
    2. ice massage
    3. contrast bath
    4. vapocoolant spray
    • 4. vapocoolant spray
    • vapocoolant spray has longer lasting analgesic 
    • effect than ice massage or cold pack
  12. B102 Which joint mob oscillation techniques are performed to improve joint movement? to decrease pain and improve joint nutrition?
    • Gr3 and 4 increase range
    • Gr1 and 2 are to decrease pain and improve joint nutrition
  13. B107 T/F PTs in early CF stages have excessive appetite and weight gain
    • False
    • CF pts have excessive appetite but inability to gain weight in the early stages
  14. B108 Chronic/repeat infections produce systemic effects of
    1. low grade fever, malaise, anemia and fatigue
    2. decreased erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    3. redness, warmth, swelling and pain
    4. fever, tachycardia, and hypermetabolic state
    1. low grade fever, malaise, anemia and fatigue
  15. B111 What position does a pt present with tonic labryinthine reflex and what position is best to practice reaching activities
    1. supine
    2. prone
    3. long sitting
    4. side lying
    • tonic labryinthine reflex extremities flex in prone and extend in supine
    • side lying would be best for reaching to avoid the reflex patterns.
  16. B112 pt with R hemiplegia is beginning amb with a large quad base cane and is having difficulty advancing the RLE. The initial feedback is to
    1. VC to wt shift to the L
    2. physically assist pt to wt shift to the L
    3. verbally instruct pt to lift R LE
    4. physically assist pt to advance R LE
    1. VC to wt shift to the L
  17. B113 Floor reaction orthosis is typically used to
    1. resist knee flexion
    2. encourage knee flexion
    3. decrease DF
    1. resist knee flexion
  18. B120 Pt has limited wrist ext after removal of cast. To increase wrist extension gentle stretching can be initiated by
    1. supinating the forearm and extending the wrist and fingers
    2. pronating the forearm and extending the wrist while allowing the fingers to flex
    3. supinating the forearm and extending the wrist while allowing the fingers to flex
    4. pronating the forearm and extending the wrist and fingers.
    • 2. pronating the forearm and extending the wrist while allowing the fingers to flex
    • to gently initiate the stretch you don't want to come to aggressive so let the fingers flex to put some slack and just stretch across one joint
  19. B121 DM Patient is very lethargic, begins to experience vomiting, abd pain, weakness, and confusion. What action should the PTA take and what is occuring?
    1. Ketoacidosis
    2. respiratory acidosis
    3. ketoalkalosis
    4. lactic acidosis
    • 1. Ketoacidosis
    • Insulin needs to be administered to decrease pt's blood glucose levels
  20. B122 PTA performing conditioning exercises with a patient who has hyperthyroidism should expect to see
    1. trigger points and bradycardia
    2. RA like sx and muscle stiffness
    3. muscular and joint edema, and poor peripheral circulation
    4. proximal muscle weakness and potential dysrhythmia
    • 4. proximal muscle weakness and potential dysrhythmia
    • other 3 choices are sns of hypothyroidism
  21. B123 pt dx of L CHF classII is exercising. They can be expected to demonstrate
    1. dyspnea with fatigue and muscular weakness
    2. severe, uncomfortable chest pain with SOB
    3. wt gain with dependent edema
    4. anorexia, nausea with abd pain and distention
    • 1. dyspnea with fatigue and muscular weakness
    • L CHF is result of inability to pump blood through the arterial system producing pulm edema
    • choice 2 describes MI indication
    • 3 and 4 are R CHF description
  22. B125 s/p sx R knee is unable to initiate quad set. The best facilitation  is to
    1. transcutaneous nerve stim to thigh
    2. quick icing to the quads
    3. joint approx
    4. firm pressure on patellar tendon
    • 2. quick icing to the quads
    • nerve stim less ideal due to discomfort and is less efficient
    • joint approx inhibits quads as does firm pressure on patellar tendon

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