Gen Med Final

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Anonymous
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274480
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Gen Med Final
Updated:
2014-05-15 00:41:42
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Metro State
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  1. Tetenus (Lock Law)
    • Bactirial
    • found in dirt dust feces saliva
    • enters body through open portal
    • attacks nervous sytem
    • S&S
    • -fever, pain, abdominal ridgity. tachycardia, perfuse sweating
    • later stages lock jaw
  2. Pertussis
    • Bacterial
    • Vaccine but wears off
    • incubation: 7-10
    • Spread bu : Respiratory droplets
    • Violent coughing
  3. Measles
    • Viral
    • Incubation:7-18
    • Gradual Onset
    • S&S
    • -fever/malase,rhinitis
    • conjuctivitus photophobia
    • spots
    • 1-2 days appear
    • last 4-7
    • self limiting
    • ENcephalitis
  4. Menengitis
    • viral or bacterial
    • bacterial is worse
    • spread by saliva
    • attack on the menengies of brain
    • S&S
    • -stiff painful neck (Send To Hospital)
    • -fever headache,Alterd mental status
    • longterm: Brain damage
  5. Streotococral
    • Looks for open portal everywhere
    • S&S 
    • -Fever, sore throat, achey, malaise, bad breath
  6. MRSA
    • Very common in athelets
    • S&S
    • -begins like a pimple (fast progression)
    • -weep yellow discharge, pain, febril
    • no practice or contact, go to MD
    • Treatment: Drain & Proper anti biotics
    • -bleach solution 1:10 ratio
  7. Mononucleosis (epstien-bare virus)
    • Spread by saliva
    • incubation 4-6 W
    • S&S fatigue, fever, sore throat "WORST"
    • -Enlarged spleen
  8. Hepiitis
    • Most Common ABC
    • A is common in underdevelpped contries
    • B Attack your liver
    • HBV
    • -most common blood borne pathogen
    • Incubation 45-160 days
    • trasmitted by blood or body fluids
    • S&S
    • Malaise,fatigue, fever, 
    • anorexia, nausea/vommiting, abdominal pain
    • dark urine
  9. Diabetes mutllitus 1
    • Juvinilles
    • body attacks beta cells
    • fatigue polydipsia polyphagia, polyuria
  10. Diabetes mellitus 2
    • Bad diets
    • lack of activity
  11. Cancer
    • Cells rapidly divide
    • S&S 
    • -pain,fatigue,weightloss, masses/ nodules, night sweats
    • treatment:Surgery to remove, non-selective
    • chemothreapy
  12. Tick Lyme Disease
    • Vector borne
    • early S&S
    • Bullseye rash, grows for days, head ache, fever, body aches fatigue, stiff neck
    • send to er
    • Untreated: Facial nerve palsy menengitits
  13. Conjunctivitis Pink eye
    • Common & contagious
    • Bacterial
    • S&S 
    • -itching, red,burning,watery
    • refer to md for medical drops
  14. hyphema=hemmorage in the anterior chamber of eye
    • Can cause blindness TAKE SERIOUSLY
    • transport semi-reclined seated position and patched eyes
    • Managenment
    • -bed, rest, patch eye
  15. Detatched retina
    • Mechaninsim: blow to the head
    • S&S
    • -window shade vison (seeing half), seeing flashes of lights, new floaters
    • management
    • patch both eyes imediate referal
  16. Cornial abrasion
    • caused by foreign body or dirt
    • S&S
    • -pain, tearing, photophobia
    • management:
    • dry sterel dressing, topical ointment
    • DONT LET THEM RUB THEIR EYES
  17. Corneal Laceration
    • Sharp object in eye
    • Finger nail, glass
    • S&S 
    • -sever pain, decreased visual capasity, eye hurts 
    • Management
    • -inspect piupil for symetery, avoid pressure on eye, cover eye on bony orbit, keep sititng supine, avoid head down
  18. Subconjunctival hemmorage
    • blood between conjuctiva and sclera
    • MOI
    • -trauma violent cough, high blood pressure
  19. Auricular hematoma
    • Reppetetive trauma
    • drain necorosis of cartillage
  20. Impacted cerumen
    • WAX
    • external acustic metus
    • S&S
    • -mild hearing loass, no pain
    • Management: Must be cleaned
  21. Ottis externa (Swimmers ear)
    • Bacterial
    • S&S
    • -pain, itching,pus, may smell
    • pull on ear to releave pressure
    • custom ear plugs, ear drops
  22. Tympanic membrane rupture
    • ear drum damage 
    • direct trauma
  23. Tonic clonic
    • short duration
    • aura preceders: Hear/smell/see something before it happens
    • spasm like tounge btiting
  24. Coninus tonic clonic
    • loss of awareness/ lip smacking/biting
    • 30 min more (911)

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