Outline 2

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Outline 2
2010-07-28 15:23:54
Sociology Review

Exam 2
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  1. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs are arranged by need's of man
    • 1) Physical- food, water & sleep etc.
    • 2) Security-saftey, stability & consistency in one's life. (security=amount of needs filled)
    • 3) Social- love and acceptance, the desire to belong
    • 4) Esteem- competency or mastery of a task, also attention and recognition from others.
    • 5) self actualization- the desire to become everything one is capable of becoming; also known as self fulfillment, meaning knowledge, peace and oneness with God
  2. Psychological Interdependences
    • each family membe develops a sense of security relative to the amont of needs filled.
    • security= amount of needs filled
  3. security=
    amount of needs filled
  4. 4 responsibilities of the family
    • (re-establish the sense of lost security)
    • 1) Physically & Emotionally supporting eachother
    • 2) Discipline through enculturation learning values, attitudes & dicipline
    • 3) Motivation- gives members of the family unit, direction & creates a sense of belonging.
    • Building family pride that builds trust & open communication.
    • 4)Establishment & fulfillment of natural expectations this includes mariage choices, living arrangements, careers, college choices, location of jobs and homes and vacation plans.
  5. What is the central point of anguish & what responsibility it falls under
    • Anguish-extreme pain or grief when families haven't met all the needs & responsibilities for each member of the family.
    • all four responsibilities
  6. Internal Discontent
    • leads to higher divorce & suicide rates amoungst families whose responsibilities are not met.
    • when the attitudes & values of one generation are in conflict with the attitudes & values of the generations proceding it.
  7. 5 Causes of discontent
    • 1.Religion
    • 2.lifestyles
    • 3.mobility
    • 4.accelerated maturation-growing up faster
    • 5.delayed marriages
  8. The Reasons for "Death denying Society" or "death-free generations"
    • When the younger generations are not exposed to death.
    • 1. parents are living longer
    • 2. modern medical advances
    • * govermental financial support
  9. The effect & of the hospice movement
    is encouraging the return of the terminally ill patient to the home for direct care by family memebers. They also counsel & discuss of the on-coming death to aid in acceptence.
  10. the 3 process that brought modernization
    • Urbanization
    • Industrialization
    • Bureaucratization
  11. Urbanization
    move from rural to urban areas
  12. industrilization
    a process that emphasizes speed & volume of production of goods
  13. Buraucratization
    brought about additional health regulations & licensure requriement
  14. Example of Urbanization:
    Latter part of 19th century, a shift in population from rural areas to developing cities
  15. Example of Industrialization
    When "bread winners" had to seek jobs outside the family unit. Machinery & assembly line labor started the mass production loosing his or hers craftmenship by repeating basic skills to do a job.
  16. Example of Bureaucratization
    As populations increased & cities grew
  17. Urbanization caused
    anonymity for it's residents, decreasing in the individual.
  18. What Industrialization caused
    loss of craftmanship and allienated the worker of his or hers skills.
  19. The 3 Socioeconomic factors that effect families making arrangements
    • 1. freedom of choice
    • 2. class or social level
    • 3. economic position of family
  20. Socioeconomics factors effect families making arrangements:
    • 1. the choice a family has increased with options of a traditional funeral in a chapel or church, graveside services, creamation, immediate disposition or body donation
    • 2. social mobility doing what traditionally has happened before you. Social class never changes (unless you strike it rich)
    • 3. families at a higher economic advantage has more options for funeral rites
  21. Social Class & it's effect on families
    • some families believe a funeral rite is a status symbol, putting more pressure on decisions of a funeral rite.
    • *class to which a person belongs to is (based on occupation, income, living standards, avaliablity of medical care) determine life expectancy.
  22. 2 effects of location on choice of funeral rite:
    Urbanization & Bureaucratization bringing an end to church yard cemetaries to new regulated & maintained cemetaries
  23. Examples of Urbanization & Bureaucratization's effects:
    increased role of the funeral directors to serve the families & also make certain all requirements of the law are fullfiled & goverment forms are properly signed & filled
  24. Mobility
    fluctuating from one level to another
  25. Neo-localism
    the tendency of people to relocate away from the area where they were born & raised
  26. The difference between mobility & neo-localism:
    Neo-localism moving away is without the desire or entent to come back like mobility is flexabile