Equipment Maintenance, Hazardous Substances, and Safety Precautions
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Describe what is meant by the time personal protective equipment or PPE and when such equipment should be used.
- Personal protective equipment first two gloves, lab coats, safety glasses, chemical splash goggles, respirators, hardhats, safety shoes, disposable or cloth overalls and other protective gear designed to protect the wearer from various dangers.
- Artistic work is typically very precise in nature which can serve to discourage or limit the use of protective equipment nevertheless there are no substitute for common sense when working with dangerous tools and chemicals
Explain, and safety precautions when sculpting.
A dust mask and goggles should be worn at all times when working with sculpting materials. Gloves or skin creams are available. Body part casts, avoid using plaster directly on the skin instead use plaster bandages. Avoid working with stone that contains asbestos. Power tools should have portable exhaust systems and be properly grounded. When carving with hand tools, always carve away from you. Keep silence away from sources of heat and ignition and avoid the use of solutions which contain carbon tetrachloride, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, phosphate esters, DEHP and chlorinated synthetics.
Describe hazards and precautions associated with the use of airbrushing, spray cans and spray guns.
Due to the inherent danger involved, all artists should only spray paint when necessary. Spraying mist often contain additional hazardous chemicals such as solvents. Aerosol sprays containing propellant such as propane or isobutane which are highly flammable. Airbrushing is particularly has a sense artists are usually in close proximity of the fine mist it produces.
Describe the types of containers and storage methods approved for flammable and combustible artistic chemicals and materials.
- Safety cans are special purpose containers designed to provide a rigid spill resistant vessel and usually provide a venting mechanism of some sort to alleviate the pressurized buildup of combustible fumes.
- Follow materials storage cabinets are specifically designed to protect and contain from outside fires.
Describe conditions for the use of Safe Klean as a turpentine substitute.
Turpentine has long been preferred as an all-purpose solvent cleaner within the artistic community although its toxic qualities have been a significant source of concern for some time. Research into turpentine alternatives has produced some interesting results. One of these, safe klean, is the trademark name of a product manufactured by union rubber which can be used as a one to one substitute for turpentine. It's nontoxic, non-flammable and infirmity safe qualities have also made it attractive to artistic community which has recently become much better informed regarding material safety.
Describe how to identify toxic pigments and some of the hazards associated with their use.
Pigments are manufactured from a variety of sources and often contain several different components. The most toxic are usually the inorganic variety with high exotic metal content. Paints such as play quite may contain toxic quantities of metals such as lead. Other inorganic pigments based on cobalt, cadmium or manganese should also be considered harmful. Chromate-based pigments can cause rashes or allergic reactions.
Explain useful safety precautions for working with ceramics.
- Purchasing pre-mixed clay can prevent hazards associated with using clay mixtures and with inhalation of play dust if mixing is preferred use good ventilation and wear a dust mask or respirator. Wear protective clothing such as coveralls and use gloves or skin creams when handling wet clay. When working with glazes choose the leadfree variety or for sodium-based glazes, choose sodium carbonate rather than sodium chloride and let glazes are necessary, do not use them for making eating or drinking vessels. Used properly ventilation when applying the glaze and an exhaust fan or spray booth if available.
- When count firing the ceramics use gloves welding shields and appropriate heavy gloves. Always use adequate ventilation regardless of the type of account chosen and allow the ceramics to cool thoroughly before handling.
Describe the correct procedures for handling chemical spills.
- Prior to using chemicals of any kind is sure that sufficient quantities of absorbent or other materials are on hand for cleanup of spells.
- Immediately alert all others in the studio or Rome that a spill has occurred.
- Flush skin which has come in contact with the spill and launder all close before reuse.
- Place spill socks or absorbance around all drains which may allow for environmental release and cleanup spill per the following instructions:
- distribute loose absorbance across the entire area working from the outside in
- use balk observance and's spill pillows if available
- make note of color change indicators for neutralizer's used on assets and alkali expels
- place absorbent spill material in a suitable container and dispose in accordance with the local ordinance or regulatory requirements
Describe the hazards and precautions associated with the use of liquid drawing media.
Liquid dry media include water and solvent-based pan and ink felt tip markers. Though now rare, permanent markers have been known to contain the highly toxic chemical, xylene, and should not be sniffed or inhaled. Avoid using all liquid dry media in close range or for extended periods in poorly ventilated areas. Use water-based markers and drying ink if available as these are generally safer.
Describe the importance of proper ergonomics in the art studio.
Posture problems are common to craftspeople but many chronic injuries can be avoided through the use of proper furniture, positioning while working and other techniques. Laying out tools and equipment for easy access can help to prevent awkward repetitive motion injuries.
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